Parja in India

Joshua Project has identified the Parja only in India
Population
660,000
Christian
Evangelical
Largest Religion
Main Language
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Parja are thought to be from the Ghond tribes and are mostly in the Central province(s) of India. The name Parja comes from the Sanskrit language. In parts of the Bastar region they are called Dhurwa which means a headman. The Parja are cultivators and mostly grow rice. They are said to be hard working.

The Parja are divided into three, the Mudara, the Peng and the Tagara. The Tagara (or Thakara) live in the Bastar region.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Parja are exogamous, meaning they will marry outside of the group. If someone accidentally kills an animal after which his clan has been named, many rituals are performed for purification. For example all utensils in the house are got rid of, clothes are washed and the whole house is purified with the bark of a mango or jamun tree soaked in water. This is a ritual of mourning. If someone in the goat Sept eats a goat then it is thought he will go blind. If anyone kills a snake who belongs to the snake Sept, he puts a new yarn on his head and prays for forgiveness. (They need to realize what are and what are not sins and that forgiveness is only through Jesus Christ).

The Parja are mainly Hindus and have local religious beliefs. Marriage is not supposed to be with the people of the same clan but as their Septs are small in number, that rule is not followed but they are not to come from the same village. The marriage proposal is first made by the father of the boy. The girl is told about it. They dance during the wedding ceremonies. The marriage ceremony is in the house of the boy. Widows can marry again but must marry the younger brother of the deceased husband. The Parja bury their dead. They do quite a few funeral rites. They eat pigs, wild buffalo, monkeys and fowls but not flesh eating animals.


References

www.indianetzone.com/50/parja_tribes.htm


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Prayer Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-09-25
People Name General Parja
People Name in Country Parja
Population in India 660,000
World Population 660,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Least-Reached Yes
Progress Scale 1
Alternate Names Bonda, Daruva, Dhuria, Didua, Diduva, Gorum, Jhodia, Mundili, Pairgha, Paraja, Parangiperja, Pargha, Parigha, Parji, Paroja, Parya, Pengo, Pengu, Porja, Porjah, Poroja, Pundi, Saliya, परजा
People ID 17901
ROP3 Code 113381
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 17  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file: 16
Largest States
Odisha (535,000) Bihar (49,000) Andhra Pradesh (42,000)
Jharkhand (22,000) Assam (4,500) Chhattisgarh (3,600)
West Bengal (1,400) Maharashtra (700) Delhi (300)
Telangana (300) Madhya Pradesh (200) Arunachal Pradesh (200)
Tripura (100) Gujarat (30) Rajasthan (20)
Puducherry (20)
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 17  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file: 16
Odisha (535,000) Bihar (49,000)
Andhra Pradesh (42,000) Jharkhand (22,000)
Assam (4,500) Chhattisgarh (3,600)
West Bengal (1,400) Maharashtra (700)
Delhi (300) Telangana (300)
Madhya Pradesh (200) Arunachal Pradesh (200)
Tripura (100) Gujarat (30)
Rajasthan (20) Puducherry (20)
Primary Language: Odia (239,000 speakers)   People group listing
Language Code: ory   Ethnologue Listing
Written: Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages: 49
Secondary Languages:
(only 20 largest shown)
Bhatri (71,000) Pengo (67,000) Bodo Parja (59,000)
Hindi (52,000) Duruwa (41,000) Kuvi (29,000)
Angika (13,000) Telugu (13,000) Punjabi, Eastern (12,000)
Maithili (6,900) Chhattisgarhi (6,600) Bondo (6,500)
Assamese (2,800) Bengali (2,400) Mizo (1,500)
Kui (1,000) Magahi (600) Santhali (600)
Marathi (500) Halbi (400)
Primary Language: Odia (239,000 speakers)   People group listing
Language Code: ory   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 49
Secondary Languages: (only 20 largest shown)
Bhatri (71,000) Pengo (67,000)
Bodo Parja (59,000) Hindi (52,000)
Duruwa (41,000) Kuvi (29,000)
Angika (13,000) Telugu (13,000)
Punjabi, Eastern (12,000) Maithili (6,900)
Chhattisgarhi (6,600) Bondo (6,500)
Assamese (2,800) Bengali (2,400)
Mizo (1,500) Kui (1,000)
Magahi (600) Santhali (600)
Marathi (500) Halbi (400)
Primary Language: Odia

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1811-1956)
New Testament Yes   (1809-2000)
Complete Bible Yes   (1815-2004)
Audio Bible Online
 
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum of Bible Agencies
Gospel Go
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Oriya
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Gods Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Bible-in-Your-Language
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.01 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
1.61 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
98.20 %
Islam
0.04 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.14 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
Unknown
Independent
Unknown
Orthodox
Unknown
Other Christian
Unknown
Protestant
Unknown
Roman Catholic
Unknown
Photo Source: Henk Sebregts   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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