Parja in India

The Parja have only been reported in India
Population
565,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Parja are thought to be from the Ghond tribes and are mostly in the Central province(s) of India. The name Parja comes from the Sanskrit language. In parts of the Bastar region they are called Dhurwa which means a headman. The Parja are cultivators and mostly grow rice. They are said to be hard working.

The Parja are divided into three, the Mudara, the Peng and the Tagara. The Tagara (or Thakara) live in the Bastar region.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Parja are exogamous, meaning they will marry outside of the group. If someone accidentally kills an animal after which his clan has been named, many rituals are performed for purification. For example all utensils in the house are got rid of, clothes are washed and the whole house is purified with the bark of a mango or jamun tree soaked in water. This is a ritual of mourning. If someone in the goat Sept eats a goat then it is thought he will go blind. If anyone kills a snake who belongs to the snake Sept, he puts a new yarn on his head and prays for forgiveness. (They need to realize what are and what are not sins and that forgiveness is only through Jesus Christ).

The Parja are mainly Hindus and have local religious beliefs. Marriage is not supposed to be with the people of the same clan but as their Septs are small in number, that rule is not followed but they are not to come from the same village. The marriage proposal is first made by the father of the boy. The girl is told about it. They dance during the wedding ceremonies. The marriage ceremony is in the house of the boy. Widows can marry again but must marry the younger brother of the deceased husband. The Parja bury their dead. They do quite a few funeral rites. They eat pigs, wild buffalo, monkeys and fowls but not flesh eating animals.


References

www.indianetzone.com/50/parja_tribes.htm


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-09-25
People Name General Parja
People Name in Country Parja
Population in India 565,000
World Population 565,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 11
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 3  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Bonda, Daruva, Dhuria, Didua, Diduva, Gorum, Jhodia, Mundili, Pairgha, Paraja, Parangiperja, Pargha, Parigha, Parji, Paroja, Parya, Pengo, Pengu, Porja, Porjah, Poroja, Pundi, Saliya, परजा
People ID 17901
ROP3 Code 113381
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Oriya
People Group Parja
Ethnic Code AUG06z
Total Subgroups on file 19
Largest Subgroups
(only 15 largest shown)
Bodo Poroja
28,000
Daruva
4,400
Didva
4,400
Mundili
4,400
Pengiyi
4,400
Pydi
4,400
Saliya
4,300
Sano
4,300
Sodia
4,300
Tagara
4,300
Paliyar Parja
3,600
Supa Parja
3,600
Barang
2,100
Kunda
2,000
Khondi
1,800
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Oriya
People Group Parja
Ethnic Code AUG06z
Total Subgroups 19 (only 15 largest shown)
  Bodo Poroja 28,000
  Daruva 4,400
  Didva 4,400
  Mundili 4,400
  Pengiyi 4,400
  Pydi 4,400
  Saliya 4,300
  Sano 4,300
  Sodia 4,300
  Tagara 4,300
  Paliyar Parja 3,600
  Supa Parja 3,600
  Barang 2,100
  Kunda 2,000
  Khondi 1,800
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 17
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Odisha
451,000
Bihar
47,000
Andhra Pradesh
36,000
Jharkhand
22,000
Assam
4,500
Chhattisgarh
1,400
West Bengal
1,300
Maharashtra
600
Telangana
400
Delhi
300
Madhya Pradesh
200
Arunachal Pradesh
200
Tripura
100
Manipur
30
Gujarat
30
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 17
  Odisha 451,000
  Bihar 47,000
  Andhra Pradesh 36,000
  Jharkhand 22,000
  Assam 4,500
  Chhattisgarh 1,400
  West Bengal 1,300
  Maharashtra 600
  Telangana 400
  Delhi 300
  Madhya Pradesh 200
  Arunachal Pradesh 200
  Tripura 100
  Manipur 30
  Gujarat 30
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Odia (194,000 speakers)
Language Code ory   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 41
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Bhatri
103,000
Pengo
63,000
Bodo Parja
53,000
Hindi
51,000
Duruwa
35,000
Kuvi
21,000
Angika
14,000
Telugu
11,000
Maithili
7,000
Chhattisgarhi
3,500
Bondo
3,300
Assamese
3,000
Punjabi, Eastern
2,500
Bengali
2,400
Kui
1,000
Other People Groups Speaking Odia
Primary Language Odia (194,000 speakers)
Language Code ory   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 41
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Bhatri 103,000
  Pengo 63,000
  Bodo Parja 53,000
  Hindi 51,000
  Duruwa 35,000
  Kuvi 21,000
  Angika 14,000
  Telugu 11,000
  Maithili 7,000
  Chhattisgarhi 3,500
  Bondo 3,300
  Assamese 3,000
  Punjabi, Eastern 2,500
  Bengali 2,400
  Kui 1,000
People Groups Speaking Odia

Primary Language:  Odia

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1811-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1809-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1815-2004)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Odia
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: ODIA - Oriya
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Text / Printed Matter OneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.01 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
3.29 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
95.91 %
Islam
0.04 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.76 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2018  Henk Sebregts  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.




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