Perna (Hindu traditions) in India

The Perna (Hindu traditions) have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

In 1871, British colonialists labeled the Perna as a “criminal tribe” and a “Denotified and Nomadic Tribe.” Both of these labels stigmatized them, and it still causes them problems today, more than 60 years after the newly independent Indian government took them out of these categories. Though they were once nomads, they are now in settled communities. They are now a Scheduled Caste, which means they have low status. They do not have the political clout to be given “reservations” for better jobs or entrance to prestigious colleges. Ironically these reservations seldom trickle down to those who need them the most. Also, many Pernas do not want to come out publicly and say that they are from a “criminal” tribe. Most do not know about their rights.


Where Are they Located?

Hindu Perna people live in Odisha, but mainly in the northern states of Punjab and Haryana. Many live in New Delhi as well. The Hindu Perna community is larger than the Muslim one, which is mainly in Pakistan.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Most are landless farm workers, though some own their own farms. Commonly they are moving to cities to take on construction jobs. Unfortunately, it is common in the Perna community for a wife to be sold into prostitution by her in-laws after she bears her first child. Her husband usually doesn’t work. She must “work” from 11 at night till 7 in the morning, come home and take care of the needs of her family members. Her mother in law usually collects the money from her. Perna women adamantly do not want their daughters to go into sex work, so they try to get them into good schools.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Most Perna people practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. They visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers, and incense to their gods in hopes of gaining protection and benefits. They do not have a personal or familial relationship with their gods like Christians or Jews. There are many forms of Hinduism, each with its own deities and beliefs.

The main yearly holidays of the Perna people are Holi, the festival of colors and the start of spring / Diwali, the festival of lights / Navratri, the celebration of autumn / and Rama Navami, Rama’s birthday.


What Are Their Needs?

The Perna people need a constructive way to earn a living. Perhaps believers can help their women with the trauma of being prostitutes and teach them marketable skills.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Perna (Hindu traditions) in India.

* Pray for a movement of Jesus to heal and strengthen Perna families.
* Pray for a "Book of Acts" type of movement to Christ among the Perna.
* Pray for the Perna people to understand and embrace that Jesus wants to bless their families and neighborhoods.
* Pray for Holy Spirit anointed believers from the Perna people to change their society from within.
* Pray for a movement in which the Holy Spirit leads and empowers Perna disciples to make more disciples.


References

https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/17664/IN
https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/17664/PK
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perna_caste
https://psmag.com/social-justice/india-perna-caste-new-delhi-prostitution-rape-womens-rights-58957
https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2016/11/indian-caste-prostitution-hereditary-161122124031163.html
https://www.youthkiawaaz.com/2017/02/perna-women-in-india/
https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/04/30/518156410/the-surprising-wishes-of-indias-sex-workers


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Perna (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Perna (Hindu traditions)
World Population 3,800
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Arna; Bambi; Ban; Gad Jhir; Khriche; Parna; पेरणा (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 17866
ROP3 Code 113342
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 6
Largest States
Haryana
1,800
Delhi
1,800
Odisha
80
Punjab
70
Jammu and Kashmir
30
Chandigarh
30
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 6
  Haryana 1,800
  Delhi 1,800
  Odisha 80
  Punjab 70
  Jammu and Kashmir 30
  Chandigarh 30
Website South Asia Peoples

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Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Hindi (3,400 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 5
Secondary Languages
Haryanvi
300
Odia
80
Punjabi, Eastern
80
Dogri
30
Primary Language Hindi (3,400 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 5
Secondary Languages
  Haryanvi 300
  Odia 80
  Punjabi, Eastern 80
  Dogri 30
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1835-2012)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Hindi
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (EngSub)
Film / Video Coconuts
Film / Video Creation to Christ
Film / Video Father's Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
98.85 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
1.15 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.