Muthan in India

The Muthan have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

Othai, at the foot of the Cholar hills and at the bank of Chaliar river, can be reached traveling through Arikode or Edavanna in Malappuram district, Kerala. A look to east from Othai, Cholar hills can be seen. The inhabitants of these hills are known as Malamuthans. (Mala means hills) They are seen in many mounts in Nilambur forest region.

Although they were provided with rehabilitation package with government setting up girijan (tribal) colonies in Nilambur, Kalkulam, Chokkad and Cherupuzha, Malamuthans here prefer to remain in the Cholar hills. Malamuthans who live in the hills have a higher standard of living compared to their counterparts who had settled in girijan colonies.

While scaling the steep mounts and reach the summit there are cashew plantations where some houses are seen intermittently, roofed with tiles. A number of trees camouflage houses that are located amidst the trees. Tiles and the materials for constructing these houses were carried on head from the nearby towns.

While climbing up, we saw many who were on a downhill journey. Some of them go for their daily job in the nearby towns and others are children who go to school.

Bamboo, which is abundantly grown here are cut and dispatched to the valley for sale. The felled trees, are laid, stacked and fired to make coal. This coal is in great demand since it is the most commonly used fuel for hotels in the towns. The wholesalers of bamboo and coal used to come to the valley. Major cultivations of Malamuthans are plantain, tapioca and paddy. Some fields of these Muthans are given on lease to the people in the town at throwaway prices.

Journeying uphill was tiresome. My guide and I had to stop frequently to breath. We stopped near by a hut roofed with hay. Walls were laid up of raw bricks. When I was about to catch the bamboo beam projected from the roof, a voice was heard, "Don't hold it". An old woman was shouting in the tribal dialect. She was drying paddy spread on a bamboo mat in the courtyard. Out of curiosity I asked, "What happens if I touched?" "I will burn the house, if defiled." The answer was instant. She continued, "In this hill only two of us remain untouched. At least we want to die with sanctity". The old woman's chief grouse was that all her people had defiled themselves by their association with the natives in the town, where some worked there, inter-married and spoiled the traditions of the clan.

The other person whom she mentioned was the Mooppan (elder) of the hill. He was living alone, cooking food for himself since his sons had married from other community. Due to age Mooppan lost his eyesight. In the flashlight of the camera the vessels he used were seen lying in a dark floor of the house. He was lying there to breath his last.

Muthans worship hill goddess. Owing to their contact with the people in the town many other gods too 'climbed up' the hill. The popular notion in Kerala is Adivasis (native tribes) in Kerala are uncivilized but the Muthans on Cholar hills are an exception to that.

They try to combine a modern civilization and lifestyle. There are many more Muthans on the other hills of the Western Ghat, who live with a century old practices.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Muthan in India.


Profile Source:   Philipose Vaidyar  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Muthan
People Name in Country Muthan
World Population 7,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Malamuthan; Malavala Shiva; Moothan; Mussad; Muthathu; Muttatu; मुतन
People ID 17716
ROP3 Code 113166
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 2
Largest States
Kerala
4,600
Tamil Nadu
2,400
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 2
  Kerala 4,600
  Tamil Nadu 2,400
Website South Asia Peoples

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Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Malayalam (6,500 speakers)
Language Code mal   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
Tamil
500
Primary Language Malayalam (6,500 speakers)
Language Code mal   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
  Tamil 500
People Groups Speaking Malayalam

Primary Language:  Malayalam

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1811-1968)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1829-1995)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1841-2016)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Malayalam
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible Gateway Scripture
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
100.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2020  Philipose Vaidyar  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Profile Source Philipose Vaidyar  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more