Kattunayakan in India

The Kattunayakan have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Kattunayakan are a tribal people who live in south India. Their name means "chiefs of the forest. They are believed to be among of the earliest inhabitants of south India. Their main livelihood is collecting and selling of honey. They also fish, hunt and collect forest products to eat and sell. The Kattunayakan are a scheduled caste meaning they are eligible for special consideration for public jobs and college admission.

The Kattunayakan are one of the few tribal peoples of India who still live as hunter-gatherers. The literacy rate is very low for both men and women. They practice traditional medicine and live without modern conveniences like electricity and indoor plumbing.


Where Are they Located?

The Kattunayakan live mainly in south Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. They live in deep forests and try to stay away from modern Indian society.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Kattunayakan live much like their ancestors have for hundreds of years. The Kattunayakan like to live in separate family dwellings of about ten people. A council of elders makes decisions for the family groups. Honey plays a special role in their lives. They eat it, use it for medicine and trade it for things they need. The Kattunayakan can climb 20-30 meter trees in search of honey. One hive can yield over 25 pounds of honey. They get so many bee stings that their bodies develop immunity. Their main competition is bears, which they sometimes have to fight off to get the honey.

The Kattunayakan are known for their dancing and singing. They pass on their history and customs through song and dance. The Kattunayakan are monogamous with girls marrying when they reach puberty. The main languages that the Kattunayakan speak are Tamil and Telugu.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Kattunayakan practice folk religion with some elements of Hinduism. Their main god is a form of Shiva, the destroyer. They are animists who believe that spirits inhabit rocks, trees, rivers, snakes and other animals. The Kattunayakan believe in magic which many of their women practice. They perform rituals to protect themselves from evil spirits. They honor and venerate their ancestors. A small number of Kattunayakan have become Christians.


What Are Their Needs?

The Kattunayakan need a stable source of income. When honey and forest products are available, they survive. When these items are not available, the Kattunayakan can starve. Most all of, the Kattunayakan need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Kattunayakan in India.

* Pray the Lord leads some workers to live with the Kattunayakan to help them with learning how to read the Bible.
* Pray the tiny number of believers may be trained to share the gospel with their brothers and sisters.
* Pray that a strong movement to Jesus will bring whole Kattunayakan families and communities into a rich experience of God's blessing.


References

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kattunayakan
keralatourism.org/wayanad/kattunayakans-tribal-sect.php
indpaedia.com/ind/index.php/Kattunayakan


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

People Name General Kattunayakan
People Name in Country Kattunayakan
World Population 68,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Jenu Koyyo Sholanayakas; Jenu Kuruman; Jenu-Kuruba; Kadu Kurumb; Kathnnayakkan; Kathunayakkan; Kattu Naickan; Kattu Naicken; Kattunaickan; Kattunaikan; Naickan; Ten Kuruba; Ten Kuruman; Ten Kurumban; कट्तुनयकन
People ID 17305
ROP3 Code 112684
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 7
Largest States
Tamil Nadu
47,000
Kerala
19,000
Puducherry
1,200
Karnataka
200
Telangana
100
Andhra Pradesh
60
Odisha
20
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 7
  Tamil Nadu 47,000
  Kerala 19,000
  Puducherry 1,200
  Karnataka 200
  Telangana 100
  Andhra Pradesh 60
  Odisha 20
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Tamil (26,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 15
Secondary Languages
Telugu
19,000
Malayalam
14,000
Kannada
6,600
Bhili
400
Odia
70
Marathi
60
Hindi
40
Gujarati
20
Tulu
10
English Kolami, Northwestern Koya
Kacchi Tinani
Primary Language Tamil (26,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 15
Secondary Languages
  Telugu 19,000
  Malayalam 14,000
  Kannada 6,600
  Bhili 400
  Odia 70
  Marathi 60
  Hindi 40
  Gujarati 20
  Tulu 10
  English 10
  Kolami, Northwestern 10
  Koya 10
  Kacchi 0
  Tinani 0
People Groups Speaking Tamil

Primary Language:  Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1714-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1715-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1727-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Finding Peace
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video General Ministry Resources
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
General Bible Visuals
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.49 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.14 %
Islam
0.10 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.01 %
Unknown
0.26 %
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.