Kandra in India

The Kandra have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Kandra or Kondara are a scheduled caste in India. They are Hindus by religion. In Orissa they speak, read and write in Oriya. They are endogamous (meaning they prefer to marry within their group) and they work in cultivation. They have a low literacy level, so the gospel will need to be given in oral form as well as written.

The Kandra also live in West Bengal. They fish and are laborers. They speak Bengali. Most of them do not own land. They are not vegetarians and eat rice as a cereal.

In Andhra Pradesh the Kandra speak Oriya and Telugu. They prefer cross-cousin marriages. Divorce is allowed. When the father dies the property goes to the sons and the oldest son becomes in charge of the home. The dead are buried and cremated. Most of them do fishing for a living. They use modern medicines and do family planning.


Prayer Points

* Pray that God will give the Kandra dreams and visions leading them to Jesus Christ.
* Pray that gospel recordings will lead them to salvation too.


References

Singh, K. S., ed. "India's Communities A-Z", Oxford University Press, USA 1999


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Kandra
People Name in Country Kandra
Population in India 745,000
World Population 745,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 14
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 4  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Kanda, Kandanara, Kandar, Kandara, Kodma, Kondara, Kondora, Kondra, Kundari, कंडरा
People ID 17219
ROP3 Code 112585
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Oriya
People Group Kandra
Ethnic Code AUG06z
Total Subgroups on file 3
Largest Subgroups
Chandali
55,000
Machuya
53,000
Machua
10,000
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Oriya
People Group Kandra
Ethnic Code AUG06z
Total Subgroups 3
  Chandali 55,000
  Machuya 53,000
  Machua 10,000
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 21
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Odisha
606,000
West Bengal
119,000
Chhattisgarh
8,200
Andhra Pradesh
4,600
Assam
2,800
Jharkhand
1,400
Tripura
900
Maharashtra
300
Bihar
300
Manipur
200
Andaman and Nicobar
200
Delhi
200
Meghalaya
100
Madhya Pradesh
90
Nagaland
80
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 21  (only 20 largest shown)
  Odisha 606,000
  West Bengal 119,000
  Chhattisgarh 8,200
  Andhra Pradesh 4,600
  Assam 2,800
  Jharkhand 1,400
  Tripura 900
  Maharashtra 300
  Bihar 300
  Manipur 200
  Andaman and Nicobar 200
  Delhi 200
  Meghalaya 100
  Madhya Pradesh 90
  Nagaland 80
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Odia (586,000 speakers)
Language Code ory   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 14
Secondary Languages
Bengali
113,000
Hindi
23,000
Kuvi
5,900
Kui
3,800
Santhali
1,400
Assamese
1,200
Chhattisgarhi
1,100
Mundari: Bhumij
600
Telugu
500
Kurux
400
Maithili
400
Ho
400
Pengo
100
Other People Groups Speaking Odia
Primary Language Odia (586,000 speakers)
Language Code ory   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 14
Secondary Languages
  Bengali 113,000
  Hindi 23,000
  Kuvi 5,900
  Kui 3,800
  Santhali 1,400
  Assamese 1,200
  Chhattisgarhi 1,100
  Mundari: Bhumij 600
  Telugu 500
  Kurux 400
  Maithili 400
  Ho 400
  Pengo 100
People Groups Speaking Odia

Primary Language:  Odia

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1811-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1809-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1815-2004)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Odia
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: ODIA - Oriya
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Text / Printed Matter OneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.13 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.02 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.85 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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