Kandra in India

The Kandra have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 3

Subgroup Name Population
Chandali 55,000
Machuya 53,000
Machua 10,000

Introduction / History

The Kandra or Kandara are a people group who live in east central India near rivers and the Indian Ocean. Their name means "tendon." They qualify as a scheduled caste, which gives them special preferences in public jobs and university admission. In a recent survey only 68% of men and 50% of Kandra women could read and write. Other Hindus see most Kandra as Dalits or Untouchables. Often the Kandra are denied entrance to Hindu temples. Brahmins priests do not offer their services to Dalits.

The main occupations of the Kandra are makers of bamboo items, fishing, security guards and landless agricultural workers.

The primary language of the Kandra is Odia. Some others speak Bengali and other regional languages.


Where Are they Located?

The large majority of the Kandra people live in the Indian states of Odisha and West Bengal. Smaller pockets of Kandra live in other Indian states.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The life of the typical Kandra family is not easy. Their traditional jobs of makers of inexpensive bamboo items and as farm workers on other castes' land have given way to becoming fishermen. Kandra men fish in the waters of the Bay of Bengal and in the rivers of Odisha and West Bengal states. When fishing is good, the Kandra can make ends meet. When fishing is bad, they starve. With little education, they will take any job that can bring money to their families. Illiteracy is a major problem. Unfortunately, many of their children do not attend school or attend school for at most a few years. Some Kandra men watch the property and land of higher castes as guards.

The Kandra are endogamous, that is they marry within their own group. Cousin marriages are popular. Sons inherit what little property that owned by their fathers. Their own priests conduct important life ceremonies like births, wedding and funerals as Brahmin priests refuse to associate with the Dalit Kandra.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Kandra are almost all Hindus. Hinduism is the ancient religion of India. The Kandra worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. They give special attention to Vishnu, the preserver god. They offer food, flowers and incense at their shrines because they are often not allowed into Hindu temples. The goal of the Hindu is to escape the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth through the performance of rituals and good deeds.

The Kandra participate in the yearly Hindu holidays of Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights and Navratri, the nine-day celebration of autumn.


What Are Their Needs?

The Kandra have many pressing needs. Most of all they need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand. They need to see the love and mercy of Christ lived out before them by Christians. The Kandra need help in educating their children. They need job training so they can make a decent living.


Prayer Points

* Pray for Kandra families to be drawn to Jesus and to the Bible to find out more about this man, Jesus.
* Pray for discovery Bible studies to spread rapidly as they bless Kandra families and communities.
* Pray the Lord will give the Kandra understanding and responsive hearts as they hear about the love of Christ.
* Pray the Lord moves Christian workers to live among and reach out to the Kandra.


References

magazines.odisha.gov.in/Orissareview/Sept2004/englishPdf/sociopolitical.pdf
http://news.desigoogly.com/blog/kandra-caste-definition/


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

People Name General Kandra
People Name in Country Kandra
Population in India 741,000
World Population 741,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 4  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 15
Alternate Names Kanda, Kandanara, Kandar, Kandara, Kodma, Kondara, Kondora, Kondra, Kundari, कंडरा
People ID 17219
ROP3 Code 112585
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 21
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Odisha
602,000
West Bengal
119,000
Chhattisgarh
8,200
Andhra Pradesh
4,600
Assam
2,800
Jharkhand
1,500
Tripura
900
Manipur
700
Maharashtra
300
Bihar
300
Andaman and Nicobar
200
Delhi
200
Meghalaya
100
Madhya Pradesh
90
Nagaland
80
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 21  (only 20 largest shown)
  Odisha 602,000
  West Bengal 119,000
  Chhattisgarh 8,200
  Andhra Pradesh 4,600
  Assam 2,800
  Jharkhand 1,500
  Tripura 900
  Manipur 700
  Maharashtra 300
  Bihar 300
  Andaman and Nicobar 200
  Delhi 200
  Meghalaya 100
  Madhya Pradesh 90
  Nagaland 80
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Odia (587,000 speakers)
Language Code ory   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 16
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Bengali
113,000
Hindi
23,000
Kuvi
5,900
Kui
3,800
Santhali
1,400
Assamese
1,200
Chhattisgarhi
1,100
Mundari: Bhumij
600
Telugu
500
Kurux
400
Maithili
400
Ho
400
Pengo
100
Powari Munda
Other People Groups Speaking Odia
Primary Language Odia (587,000 speakers)
Language Code ory   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 16
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Bengali 113,000
  Hindi 23,000
  Kuvi 5,900
  Kui 3,800
  Santhali 1,400
  Assamese 1,200
  Chhattisgarhi 1,100
  Mundari: Bhumij 600
  Telugu 500
  Kurux 400
  Maithili 400
  Ho 400
  Pengo 100
  Powari 10
  Munda 10
People Groups Speaking Odia

Primary Language:  Odia

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1811-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1809-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1815-2004)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Odia
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: ODIA - Oriya
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Text / Printed Matter OneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.13 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.10 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.77 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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