Karan in India

The Karan have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* Data can be from various sources including official census, agencies, and local research. Data from these sources can sometimes differ even by orders of magnitude. Joshua Project attempts to present a conservative, balanced estimate.

Introduction / History

The Kayastha or Karan of India has its origins from a word meaning writer or scribe, which is their traditional occupation.

In Odisha, the Kayastha live in Cuttack and other regions. They speak, read and write in Odia. In West Bengal, the Karan are mainly in the Midnapur district. They speak, read and write in Bengali. In Bihar they speak Maithili and Hindi and read and write in Devanagari.


What Are Their Lives Like?

They work mainly in agriculture, and most are landowners. They are not vegetarians.

They have cross-cousin marriages which involve a dowry. Widows can marry again. They have a good literacy level and use modern medicines and family planning.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Karan people practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. Hinduism is a catch-all phrase for the local religions of South Asia, so it is very diverse. At the popular level, Hindus worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. They visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers, and incense to their gods in hopes of gaining protection and benefits. They do not have a personal or familial relationship with their gods like Christians or Jews. There are other Hindus who are much more philosophical, especially among the Brahmins.

Almost all Hindus participate in yearly celebrations like Holi, the festival of colors and the start of spring / Diwali, the festival of lights / Navratri, the celebration of autumn / and Rama Navami, Rama's birthday.


What Are Their Needs?

The Karan people need to put their hope and identity in the King of kings and Lord of lords.


Prayer Points

Pray that gospel materials will bring the Kayastha to Jesus Christ.

Pray that persistent Indian Christians will help lead them to a movement to Christ.

Pray for an abundant harvest for their crops this year as a testimony of his power and mercy.


Scripture Prayers for the Karan in India.


References

Singh, K. S., ed. "India's Communities A-Z", Oxford University Press, USA 1999


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Karan
People Name in Country Karan
Pronunciation kar-AHN
Alternate Names Mahanti; कारण
Population this Country 633,000
Population all Countries 633,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
Pioneer Workers Needed 13
People ID 17093
ROP3 Code 112433
ROP25 Code 303847
ROP25 Name Kayastha
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 13
Largest States
Odisha
610,000
Jharkhand
5,700
Chhattisgarh
4,000
West Bengal
2,400
Assam
2,100
Andhra Pradesh
2,100
Delhi
400
Manipur
300
Maharashtra
300
Tripura
200
Rajasthan
70
Madhya Pradesh
70
Gujarat
50
Districts Interactive map, listing and data download
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 13
  Odisha 610,000
  Jharkhand 5,700
  Chhattisgarh 4,000
  West Bengal 2,400
  Assam 2,100
  Andhra Pradesh 2,100
  Delhi 400
  Manipur 300
  Maharashtra 300
  Tripura 200
  Rajasthan 70
  Madhya Pradesh 70
  Gujarat 50
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.13 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.87 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Primary Language Odia (491,000 speakers)
Language Code ory   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 16
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Bengali
16,000
Hindi
12,000
Chhattisgarhi
3,800
Kui (India)
1,300
Kurux
600
Assamese
600
Mundari
400
Ho
400
Santhali
300
Pengo
200
Powari
200
Desiya
80
Munda
80
Kuvi
60
Kui, Dawik
20
Primary Language Odia (491,000 speakers)
Language Code ory   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 16
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Bengali 16,000
  Hindi 12,000
  Chhattisgarhi 3,800
  Kui (India) 1,300
  Kurux 600
  Assamese 600
  Mundari 400
  Ho 400
  Santhali 300
  Pengo 200
  Powari 200
  Desiya 80
  Munda 80
  Kuvi 60
  Kui, Dawik 20
People Groups Speaking Odia

Primary Language:  Odia

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1811-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1809-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1815-2021)
FCBH NT (www.bible.is) Online
YouVersion NT (www.bible.com) Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Audio Recordings Online Audio Scripture Talking Bibles
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories One Story
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Following Jesus video Jesus Film Project
Film / Video God's Story video God's Story
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Odia Jesus Film Project
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels Bible Media Group/LUMO
Film / Video Magdalena video Jesus Film Project
Film / Video My Last Day video, anime Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Rivka video Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children Jesus Film Project
Film / Video World Christian Videos World Christian Videos
General Bible for Children Bible for Children
General Biblical answers to your questions Got Questions Ministry
General Faith Comes By Hearing - Bible in text or audio or video Faith Comes by Hearing
General Faith Comes By Hearing - Bible in text or audio or video Faith Comes by Hearing
General Faith Comes By Hearing - Bible in text or audio or video Faith Comes by Hearing
General Four Spiritual Laws Campus Crusade for Christ
General Gospel website in this language General / Other
General Gospel website in this language General / Other
General Scripture Earth Gospel resources links (Oriya) Scripture Earth
General YouVersion Bible versions in text and/or audio YouVersion Bibles
General Zume Training Zume Project
Mobile App Android Bible app: Odia YouVersion Bibles
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Joshua Project 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.



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