Halba in India

The Halba have only been reported in India
Population
750,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Bastar district is sometimes described as the 'Kashmir of Chhatisgarh'. The area is rich in natural beauty, surrounded by dense forests, mountains, streams, waterfalls, natural caves, and natural parks. It is also home to some colorful tribes: the Halbas, the Bhatras and the Gonds. Among these, the Halba occupy a key position. This could be because the friendly Halba are one of the most progressive and affluent landowning tribal communities. Halba people maintain a good rapport with neighboring tribes, and also take pride in their unique cultural elements such as their costumes, language, and lifestyle.


Where Are they Located?

Though the Halba are primarily found in Chhattisgarh, they are also scattered through the neighboring states of Maharashtra and Orissa.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Their literacy level is very low owing to the poor infrastructure. Villages have primary schools, but these do not function regularly. Though there are some positive changes taking place in Halba society, poor health, malnutrition, infant mortality, child marriage, and child labor are still major obstacles to significant progress. Over the past year, more than 350 people have been killed, and 50,000 have been moved into camps in the Dantewada district as a result of a Maoist uprising


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Halba are largely Hindu, with a small percentage of Muslims and Christians. Different mission agencies are involved in evangelism, and churches are being established. God's Word is the first ever printed material in Halbi – the language of the Halba. In addition to Scripture portions, a film about Jesus, gospel tracts and audio-cassettes are also available in Halbi. However, people are hesitant to make a decision to follow the Lord, so missionaries are making inroads to the community through child-care programs. Christians being viewed as low caste, illiteracy, and forced re-conversion are the main hindrances to the spread of the Gospel across this region.


Profile Source:   Anonymous  
Expanded PDF Profile

People Name General Halba
People Name in Country Halba
Population in India 750,000
World Population 750,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 14
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 3  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Halba Kosthi, Halbi, Halva, Halvi, Holva, Nagbansi, Telga, हलबा
People ID 16901
ROP3 Code 112191
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Marathi-Konkani
People Group Halba
Ethnic Code CNN25j
Total Subgroups on file 12
Largest Subgroups
Chhattisgarhi
15,000
Basturia
6,400
Bastaria
3,900
Dora
3,800
Kuduk
3,800
Nagbansi
3,800
Ghadwa
3,300
Rakshit
1,900
Sahu
1,900
Suret
1,900
Purohit
900
Surait
900
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Marathi-Konkani
People Group Halba
Ethnic Code CNN25j
Total Subgroups 12
  Chhattisgarhi 15,000
  Basturia 6,400
  Bastaria 3,900
  Dora 3,800
  Kuduk 3,800
  Nagbansi 3,800
  Ghadwa 3,300
  Rakshit 1,900
  Sahu 1,900
  Suret 1,900
  Purohit 900
  Surait 900
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 8
Largest States
Chhattisgarh
430,000
Maharashtra
282,000
Odisha
19,000
Madhya Pradesh
17,000
Gujarat
1,400
Telangana
400
Andhra Pradesh
70
Delhi
60
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 8
  Chhattisgarh 430,000
  Maharashtra 282,000
  Odisha 19,000
  Madhya Pradesh 17,000
  Gujarat 1,400
  Telangana 400
  Andhra Pradesh 70
  Delhi 60
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Marathi (271,000 speakers)
Language Code mar   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 37
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Halbi
224,000
Chhattisgarhi
161,000
Hindi
109,000
Odia
8,400
Bhatri
4,300
Gondi, Northern
1,900
English
1,300
Kannada
1,000
Pengo
800
Telugu
800
Kharia
300
Koya
200
Gujarati
200
Kolami, Northwestern
200
Punjabi, Eastern
200
Other People Groups Speaking Marathi
Primary Language Marathi (271,000 speakers)
Language Code mar   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 37
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Halbi 224,000
  Chhattisgarhi 161,000
  Hindi 109,000
  Odia 8,400
  Bhatri 4,300
  Gondi, Northern 1,900
  English 1,300
  Kannada 1,000
  Pengo 800
  Telugu 800
  Kharia 300
  Koya 200
  Gujarati 200
  Kolami, Northwestern 200
  Punjabi, Eastern 200
People Groups Speaking Marathi

Primary Language:  Marathi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1807-1957)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1982)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1821-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture / Bible
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Marathi
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Marathi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: मराठी - Marathi
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.28 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.34 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
94.13 %
Islam
0.07 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.06 %
Unknown
5.12 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2018  Isudas  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.




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