Gawaria in India

The Gawaria have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 2

Subgroup Name Population
Chikiranwali 6,000
Basawatwali 5,900

Introduction / History

The Gawaria consider their ancestry to be from the three brothers Tapasvi Singh, Lakhi Singh and Bhumi Singh, who ruled at some point of time near Jodhpur in Rajasthan. They claim equal status with other nomadic and semi-nomadic communities. Their literacy level is very low due to poverty and their nomadic lifestyle.

According to legend, this community's name was changed from Banjar to Gwariya to avoid a clash with Nar Sultan. The name "Banjar" probably comes from one of two similar words, "banij" which means "trader", or "banji", meaning "a peddler's pack."


Where Are they Located?

They live primarily in Rajasthan State in northwestern India.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Previously they were traveling traders and carriers. They became traders after their land was no longer able to sustain agriculture. They used herds of bullocks to carry their goods for trade. However, with the advancement in the transportation industry, they have turned to other careers. Some make household articles and from cane or wild grass and weave mats.

There are subgroups and clans, with rules regarding marriage between those clans. They marry outside of their clan and not with members of their mother's clan or their grandmother's clan. Dowries are paid at marriage and the couple goes to live with the groom's family. At the marriage ceremony, presided over by a Brahmin priest, the bride and groom circle a sacred fire seven times. Divorce and remarriage are permitted, but only by consent of the community council.

The naming ceremony for a newborn is performed by a Brahmin priest on the seventh or ninth day after birth.

Inheritance is equally divided among sons and the eldest takes over the guidance of the family in place of the father. They eat meat, but not beef. They also do not avoid alcohol.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Gawaria are Hindu. They also worship their ancestors, offer grain to birds, and have rites of purification and water-worship.


What Are Their Needs?

The Gawaria speak several languages, as most communities do in India. Evangelistic and church planting strategies need to accommodate this. Low literacy rates suggest oral means of communication, using scriptural stories, films, and recordings.


Prayer Points

* There may be no believers among the Gawaria today, but pray for those that will soon emerge.
* Pray they will be properly instructed in the faith, and that God will give them capable pastors to help them mature as believers.
* Pray for workers to take the Gospel message to each individual in the Gawaria community.
* Pray the Lord will prepare them to understand, and to believe


References

Singh, K. S., ed. "India's Communities A-Z", Oxford University Press, USA 1999


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-09-26
People Name General Gawaria
People Name in Country Gawaria
Population in India 72,000
World Population 72,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Badi, Bajigar, Banjara, Gancha, Garancha, Gauria, Gavar Banjara, Gavara, Gavaria, Gawara Badi, Gayari, Gowaria, Gwar, Gwaria, Gwariya, Gwariya Banjara, Gwariya Bargia, Kangar, गवारिया
People ID 16891
ROP3 Code 112178
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 5
Largest States
Rajasthan
70,000
Madhya Pradesh
1,700
Punjab
500
Haryana
100
Chandigarh
40
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 5
  Rajasthan 70,000
  Madhya Pradesh 1,700
  Punjab 500
  Haryana 100
  Chandigarh 40
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Hindi (30,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 11
Secondary Languages
Marwari
16,000
Merwari
8,200
Dhundari
6,800
Shekhawati
4,200
Mewari
3,700
Haroti: Harauti
1,700
Wagdi
700
Bagri
500
Punjabi, Eastern
400
Malvi
400
Primary Language Hindi (30,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 11
Secondary Languages
  Marwari 16,000
  Merwari 8,200
  Dhundari 6,800
  Shekhawati 4,200
  Mewari 3,700
  Haroti: Harauti 1,700
  Wagdi 700
  Bagri 500
  Punjabi, Eastern 400
  Malvi 400
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1818-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video A Pilgrimage (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Aasha - Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Coconuts (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Creation to Christ (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Father's Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Haqeeqat Episode 6 (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video Ten Virgins (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video The Final Prodigal (Indigitube.tv)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
98.39 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
1.61 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2018  Isudas  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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