Guria in India

The Guria have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Guria are a subset of the larger Halwai Indian caste. The Guria live in east central India and specialize in making candy and sweets. "Gur" means unrefined sugar. Most Guria make confections and sell the sweets in shops they own. They would fit into the Indian middle class. Some Guria produce candy in factories and would be thought of as wealthy. Candies and sweets play a big part in Hindu births, weddings and holidays. All Hindus will purchase and eat candy made by the Guria, even the Brahmin highest caste.

The Guria encourage higher education in both their sons and daughters. Some Guria have left their traditional occupation of making candy and work in public service jobs, as merchants and in agriculture. University graduates work in professions like medicine, law, in engineering and in computer science.

The primary language of the Guria is Odia. They also speak Hindi and other regional languages. College educated Guria speak English.


Where Are they Located?

The vast majority of the Guria live in the east Indian state of Odisha. Smaller groups of Guria live throughout the nation of India.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Guria are proud of their Hindu heritage and their profession of making candy and sweets. They are endogamous, that is, they marry within their caste. Parents arrange marriages with the consent of the young people. The newly married couple lives with or near the groom's family. This practice is changing as young people often move to urban areas to start their own businesses.

The Guria pay Brahmin priests to officiate at their important life ceremonies. Sons inherit property when the father dies. The eldest son takes the family home and becomes responsible for his mother and younger siblings. Their dead are cremated and the ashes scattered in a holy river.

The Guria are not vegetarians. As Hindus, they will not eat beef. Their main foods are rice, wheat, lentils, dairy products and seasonal vegetables and fruit. The use of alcohol is frowned upon.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Almost all Guria practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon including Shiva, the destroyer god and his wife Durga, the mother-warrior goddess. The Guria also worship the god of good fortune and wisdom, Ganesha. The Guria visit Hindu temples to offer prayers, incense, flowers and foods to their gods. The Guria perform rituals and good works in an attempt to break from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth.

The Guria participate in the yearly Hindu holidays like Holi, the spring festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights, Ramnavmi, Rama's birthday and Janamashtami, Krishna's birthday.


What Are Their Needs?

The Guria need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand. They need to see the love of Christ practiced by his followers. The Guria need to see that true wealth is found only in Jesus Christ not in their financial assets.


Prayer Points

* Pray for Guria families to be drawn to Jesus and to the Bible to find out more about this man, Jesus.
* Pray the Lord will open the hearts of the Guria people to desire God's blessings through a movement of family-based discovery Bible studies.
* Pray that many of the Guria people will come to love God with their whole being and will walk in His ways.


References

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kashyap_(caste)
peoplegroupsindia.com/profiles/halwai/


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

People Name General Guria
People Name in Country Guria
World Population 719,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 14
Alternate Names Gudia, Gudiya, Halwai, Maira, Mithaihas, गुरिया
People ID 16886
ROP3 Code 112172
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 16
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Odisha
703,000
Jharkhand
4,600
Assam
2,900
Andhra Pradesh
2,300
Chhattisgarh
2,300
West Bengal
2,200
Manipur
600
Delhi
500
Maharashtra
200
Nagaland
100
Tripura
100
Rajasthan
60
Gujarat
60
Madhya Pradesh
40
Bihar
30
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 16
  Odisha 703,000
  Jharkhand 4,600
  Assam 2,900
  Andhra Pradesh 2,300
  Chhattisgarh 2,300
  West Bengal 2,200
  Manipur 600
  Delhi 500
  Maharashtra 200
  Nagaland 100
  Tripura 100
  Rajasthan 60
  Gujarat 60
  Madhya Pradesh 40
  Bihar 30
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Odia (663,000 speakers)
Language Code ory   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 17
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Hindi
24,000
Bengali
14,000
Chhattisgarhi
4,700
Kui
2,000
Assamese
1,800
Pengo
1,300
Santhali
1,200
Mundari: Bhumij
1,100
Juang
500
Kurux
500
Telugu
500
Kuvi
400
Ho
300
Munda
200
Powari
80
Primary Language Odia (663,000 speakers)
Language Code ory   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 17
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Hindi 24,000
  Bengali 14,000
  Chhattisgarhi 4,700
  Kui 2,000
  Assamese 1,800
  Pengo 1,300
  Santhali 1,200
  Mundari: Bhumij 1,100
  Juang 500
  Kurux 500
  Telugu 500
  Kuvi 400
  Ho 300
  Munda 200
  Powari 80
People Groups Speaking Odia

Primary Language:  Odia

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1811-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1809-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1815-2004)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Odia
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: ODIA - Oriya
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Text / Printed Matter OneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.07 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.93 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2018  Henk Sebregts  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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