Chero in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

The Chero were once the lords of the provinces surrounding the sacred Ganges River. They had a kingdom between the eighth and thirteenth centuries. The Chero people claim to be descendants of the Rajputs, a powerful caste of warriors and kings. Other sources say that Rajputs and the British East India Company displaced them. Some view them as either a scheduled tribe or a scheduled caste. The latter would mean far lower status among Hindu communities.


Indian Chero people live in Bihar, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal. Most live in Palamau, Shahabad, Champaran, and other surrounding districts. There is also a smaller Chero community in Bangladesh.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Most of the Chero live in villages near streams to ensure a fresh water supply. The villagers get timber from the forests to build their homes and to use as fuel. Their settlements are clusters of homes. The poorest Chero people live in mud homes.


Agriculture is vital to the Chero economy. Some hold land grants while others are not so fortunate. Men and women work together to produce the harvest, and the women love to sing as they work. Livestock is crucial for the livelihood of those living on the plains. Oxen, buffalo and cattle help them work the fields. Goats, fish and fowl are important components of their diet.


Other Chero people work as shopkeepers or petty traders in towns and cities. Those with fewer means might be coal miners or road workers. Some hold meager jobs in the cities or live near the foothills.


The Chero community identifies as Rajput, and they wear Rajput caste symbols. They do not have social interactions with those of lower castes. They strictly forbid marriage outside their community, even between their two subgroups. Other Hindu communities seem to offer them respect and Rajput status. Brahmin priests serve at their weddings, something they would be reluctant to do for scheduled tribes.


The nuclear family, which comprises parents and unmarried children, is the basic building block of Chero society. While they hold their elders in high regard, they view old age as an ailment. Councils, called panchayats, govern the community. These are composed of village elders, the headman and the high priest.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Chero people are Hindu, even those in Muslim Bangladesh. They also worship their own deities such as Sairi-ma, Ganwar Bhabhani and Dulha Deo. The Chero perform animal sacrifices as part of their religious rituals.


What Are Their Needs?

At the present time, there are only a few known Chero people who follow Christ. There are very few disciples among them. Prayer is the key to seeing the Chero reached with the gospel.


Prayer Points

Pray that God will send culturally sensitive missionaries who will show them the way to the cross.


Pray for a Christ-ward movement to flourish among this people group in the 2020s.


Pray for the Chero people to be blessed with peace, joy and spiritual prosperity as they follow Jesus Christ.


Pray for their leaders to have dreams and visions that will open their hearts to Jesus Christ and his ambassadors.


Scripture Prayers for the Chero in India.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Chero
People Name in Country Chero
Population this Country 187,000
Population all Countries 196,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 4
Alternate Names Chere; Choro; चेरो
People ID 16583
ROP3 Code 111778
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 7
Largest States
Jharkhand
113,000
Uttar Pradesh
51,000
Bihar
15,000
West Bengal
6,100
Assam
1,700
Uttarakhand
400
Odisha
50
Districts Interactive map, listing and data download
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 7
  Jharkhand 113,000
  Uttar Pradesh 51,000
  Bihar 15,000
  West Bengal 6,100
  Assam 1,700
  Uttarakhand 400
  Odisha 50
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Hindi (124,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 27
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Magahi
13,000
Bhojpuri
13,000
Bengali
3,300
Odia
1,400
Assamese
900
Bagheli
500
Nepali
400
Awadhi
300
Santhali
300
Kanauji
200
Punjabi, Eastern
200
Sadri
100
Kurux
90
Digaro-Mishmi
90
Maithili
70
Primary Language Hindi (124,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 27
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Magahi 13,000
  Bhojpuri 13,000
  Bengali 3,300
  Odia 1,400
  Assamese 900
  Bagheli 500
  Nepali 400
  Awadhi 300
  Santhali 300
  Kanauji 200
  Punjabi, Eastern 200
  Sadri 100
  Kurux 90
  Digaro-Mishmi 90
  Maithili 70
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1835-2019)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching
Audio Recordings DAVAR Partners recording, Old Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (EngSub)
Film / Video Coconuts
Film / Video Creation to Christ
Film / Video Following Jesus video
Film / Video God's Story video
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Love letter to you from scripture
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.02 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.15 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
98.23 %
Islam
0.42 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.01 %
Unknown
1.17 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source Bethany World Prayer Center 
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more