Bania in Nepal


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Vania people are also called Bania or Mahajan. The word Vania is derived from 'Vaniji', which means 'trader' in Sanskrit. The Vania community has gotras (clans) such as Agarwal, Dasora, Dishawal, Kapol, Nagori, Vagada, Modh and Nagar.

Many of these names are based on the names of the place they are from. The Agrawal, though they are settled mainly in North Gujarat, take their name from Agar Town. The Jharola live in eastern Gujarat and come from Jalor of Rajashthan and Maharashtra. The titles used by the Vania are Shah, Shroff, Parikkh, Chokshi, Seth and Gandhi.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Vania community consists of two religious divisions, namely Vaishnava and Jain. Most of the groups of Vania are split into Visha meaning twenty and Dasha or ten. These subdivisions are further divided into Ekda and Bagda. The Bagda mostly live in villages, while Ekda live in villages and towns. They have an organization called the Mandal to look after the temples and the community's property.

Business, trade, jewellery-making and agriculture are the traditional occupations of the Vania. Floor painting and folk songs represent the Vania's art and culture. The naming of the newborn ritual is performed by a Jangam priest by putting a thread around the infant's neck.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Vania are Hindu by religion. They are Vaishnavite and devotees of Shrinathji. A section of them are from the Jain community. The Vania maintain intercommunity linkages with the Brahmin, Valand, Soni and other communities through trade and service. The Vania in the state of Maharashtra are mostly followers of the Lingayat religion.


Prayer Points

* For the salvation of the Vania people and that God may send several Christian workers among them and meet their spiritual and physical needs.
* Pray for developmental and literacy programs among the people.


Profile Source:   India Missions Association - Edited by Philipose Vaidyar  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Bania
People Name in Country Bania
World Population 29,459,100
Total Countries 6
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 3
Alternate Names Aggarwal, Agrawal, Arayia Vaisya, Arya Vaisya, Arya Vysya, Balija, Bandekara, Banikya, Baniya, Baniyan, Baqal, Bhatia, Chetti, Chettiar, Gomatulu, Gujarati Vania, Gupta, Jain, Komati, Komti, Komuti, Kongu, Kshatriya, Kumti, Kumuti, Lalaji, Mahajan, Mahajan Vania, Marwadi, Mathura, Padayachi, Rajput, Sahukar, Sarak, Shetti, Shetty, Vaishya, Vaisiyal Chettiar, Vaisya, Vani, Vani Bania, Vania, Vysy, Vysya, बनिया
People ID 16318
ROP3 Code 111452
Country Nepal
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 25  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Mechi and Narayani zones. Some in Kathmandu.   Source:  www.ethnologue.com
Total States on file 14
Largest States
Narayani
30,000
Lumbini
28,000
Janakpur
26,000
Sagarmatha
22,000
Kosi
12,000
Bheri
5,800
Bagmati
5,600
Mechi
3,700
Mahakali
1,400
Gandaki
1,000
Seti
700
Rapti
600
Dhaulagiri
40
Karnali
10
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country Nepal
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 25  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Mechi and Narayani zones. Some in Kathmandu..   Source:  www.ethnologue.com
Total States 14
  Narayani 30,000
  Lumbini 28,000
  Janakpur 26,000
  Sagarmatha 22,000
  Kosi 12,000
  Bheri 5,800
  Bagmati 5,600
  Mechi 3,700
  Mahakali 1,400
  Gandaki 1,000
  Seti 700
  Rapti 600
  Dhaulagiri 40
  Karnali 10
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Maithili (68,000 speakers)
Language Code mai   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 13
Secondary Languages
Bhojpuri
29,000
Awadhi
16,000
Marwari
13,000
Hindi
11,000
Nepali
1,600
Angika
400
Sindhi
300
Haryanvi
200
English
200
Bengali
100
Kumaoni
100
Magahi
60
Primary Language Maithili (68,000 speakers)
Language Code mai   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 13
Secondary Languages
  Bhojpuri 29,000
  Awadhi 16,000
  Marwari 13,000
  Hindi 11,000
  Nepali 1,600
  Angika 400
  Sindhi 300
  Haryanvi 200
  English 200
  Bengali 100
  Kumaoni 100
  Magahi 60
People Groups Speaking Maithili

Primary Language:  Maithili

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes
Bible-New Testament Yes  (2010)
Bible-Complete No
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Maithili
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Good News (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Maithili
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Bible: jivən səndesh
Text / Printed Matter OneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
98.13 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
1.87 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Joshua Project 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source India Missions Association - Edited by Philipose Vaidyar  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest Nepal census data.  Current values may differ.


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