Tubu in Nigeria

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Teda are desert warriors living in the eastern and central Sahara Desert. The majority can be found in the Tibesti Mountains on the Libyan-Chad border, though a smaller number live in Niger and Nigeria. Their harsh environment, extreme poverty, and remote location make them a very tough people, who have often had violent clashes with the neighboring tribes.

Traditionally, the Teda controlled the caravan trade routes that passed through their territory. They were known for plundering these caravans and trading slaves. Stealing and killing are fairly acceptable in their culture and are even respected in some ways. In fact, their legal system approves acts of revenge and restitution.

Teda culture has little respect for those who do agricultural work. Reluctant to rely on cultivation, they depend on a flexible nomadic system for survival. Their property system favors mobility and military strength over securing land and farming it.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Because of their lack of interest in farming, most of the Teda are herdsmen. About one third are nomads; the rest are semi-nomadic. The semi-nomads move from place to place for eight or nine months, then returning to their villages during the rainy season. The Teda who farm do not practice crop rotation or use plows to cultivate the land. Some irrigation is always necessary for the crops, and animal manure is used as fertilizer. Milk from goats, sheep, and camels is a basic part of their diet. Those who farm grow vegetables, grains, fruits, legumes, and root crops. In addition, many Teda must hunt with dogs and gather wild fruits and seeds to further supplement their food supplies.

Livestock is the main source of wealth in Teda society. Camels and goats are the most common animals kept. The men are responsible for herding the camels, as well as for hunting and trading. Women tend to the goats and till the soil, but most farm work is done by slaves.

The Teda live in camps that consist of extended family members. The oldest man in the family has authority until his death. Marriages involve the payment of a substantial bride-price, which consists of livestock. Polygamy (having more than one spouse) is permitted, but rarely practiced. Most Teda communities have only a few hundred inhabitants. The more settled groups who live in the villages are not there for the whole year. Generally, they live in round huts with stone or mud walls. The huts have cone-shaped thatch roofs supported by a central post. The nomadic Teda often live in rectangular or oval-shaped tents that have wooden frames and mats made of palm leaves or animal skins. Sometimes, they use caves for shelter while looking for pasture.

Rough sports and violence are a regular part of life among the Teda. Although the man is usually the family leader, the wife may beat him if he challenges her authority in certain matters. Women usually carry daggers, and the men do not interfere in a fight between two women.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Teda are virtually all Muslim. However, prior to their conversion, they were animists (believed that non-living objects have spirits). They converted to Islam in the 1800s, but only after almost 1000 years of contact with Arab Muslims. Their animistic background, however, seems to have been incorporated into their Muslim practices.

Today, the Teda follow the Islamic calendar, including fasting during the holy month of Ramadan. Both men and women faithfully say daily prayers, and more of them are now making pilgrimages to Mecca.

What Are Their Needs?

The Teda region has been politically sensitive because it harbored Muslim guerrilla forces who were fighting national governments. Additional laborers, evangelistic materials, and increased prayer efforts are needed to reach the Teda with the gospel.

Prayer Points

Ask the Lord to raise up additional workers to join the few who are working among the Teda people.
Ask the Holy Spirit to grant wisdom and favor to mission agencies focusing on the Teda.
Ask God to raise up an army of prayer warriors who will stand in the gap for the Teda people.
Pray that strong local churches will be raised up among the Teda leading to many being discipled in the ways of Jesus Christ.
Pray that believers will model Christ-like behavior that will give others a desire to live the abundant life that Jesus offers those who follow Him.

Scripture Prayers for the Tubu, Teda in Nigeria.



Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Tubu, Teda
People Name in Country Tubu, Teda
Natural Name Tubu
Pronunciation tuh-BOO
Alternate Names Gorane; Tebou; Tebu; Teda; Tibbu; Toda; Todaga; Todga; Toubou; Tubu; Tuda; Tudaga
Population this Country 4,500
Population all Countries 149,000
Total Countries 5
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
People ID 15316
ROP3 Code 109917
ROP25 Code 308037
ROP25 Name Teda
Country Nigeria
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 6  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Borno state: northeast LGAs. A few villages.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Nigeria
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 6  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Borno state: northeast LGAs. A few villages..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016

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Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Primary Language Tedaga (4,500 speakers)
Language Code tuq   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Unknown
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Tedaga (4,500 speakers)
Language Code tuq   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Tedaga

Primary Language:  Tedaga

Bible Translation Status:  Translation Needed

Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Photo Source Anonymous 
Profile Source Keith Carey 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.

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