Romani or Domari, are made up of two groups: the Ghorbati and the Nawari. Both groups speak a dialect of the language called Romany, which is related to the North Indo-Aryan language of India. Their dialect, Domari, contains many Arabic words.
Romani call themselves Rom, which in their language means "men." Rom is derived from the Indian word Dom, meaning "a man of low caste who gains his livelihood by singing and dancing." The Ghorbati are named from the Arabic word, gurbet, which means "stranger." In the Arab world, Romani are called Nauar, hence the Nawari Romani.
Romani originated in India where they worked as musicians, entertainers, and metal workers. There they were discriminated against and excluded from the temples. Later, they were sent to Persia as minstrels. From there they were separated into two groups. One traveled northward and became the Romany-speaking European Romani. The other traveled southward and became known as the Domari, or Middle Eastern Romani.
Dark skin and dark eyes are typical of most Romani. Their almost "mystical" lifestyle has made them the objects of curiosity, distrust, and even fear, from their beginnings until now. However, they are a proud and dignified people often not deserving a negative reputation.
The Romani live scattered throughout much of the world. Most of them are nomads, wandering from region to region, and they depend on a variety of entrepreneurial skills for their livelihood. It is common for Romani to have two or more specialized occupations. This makes it easier for them to adapt to a changing society's needs. When a region's people no longer need a Romani's particular skill, they move on to one that will.
Romani have long been known for their abilities as musicians, singers, and dancers. They also hold a wide variety of other occupations. The men are skilled makers of sieves, drums, bird cages, and reed mats. They also entertain with animals, work as tinkers, or play music. The women sometimes sell such things as cloth, shoes, kitchen utensils, or other products made by Romani men. Many also sing and dance. Both men and women shear sheep, spin wool, and tell fortunes. Sadly, some of the women and children are forced to beg for food as a means of survival.
Today, there are some Romani villages and communities in the Middle East. Some also live in the cities and have become an integral part of urban life. Other Romani are nomadic and either travel in caravans of wagons or carts, or they ride on camels, donkeys, or horses. The settled Romani usually live in houses that are typical to those of the region in which they settle.
Romani marriages usually take place between couples in their teens. The Romani family unit is highly valued and each member is depended on for his financial contribution.
Values such as justice, fidelity, and morality are very significant in Romani society. Such things as courtesy and friendliness are also very important. The control of deviants is strictly enforced. If a Romani becomes impure by some immoral or unlawful act, he is considered an outcast. Also, sexual purity is considered a must for young girls. In fact, it must be proven before marriage that the girl has never before been with a man. This strict social code is related to their old Hindu caste system which they have kept since their origin.
The Middle East Romani are often Muslim and they follow the practices and beliefs of the Islamic faith. The traditional beliefs of the Romani such as that ghosts, lizards, and snakes are capable of harming humans, that men have the power to curse others by giving them the "evil eye," and that some people have the power to heal the sick are no longer held by most Romani. There are a growing number of Christian Romani.
The quality of health care, nutrition, housing, and education is poor. Adequate educational opportunities must be provided in order to raise their standard of living.
Spiritually, the Islamic religion is very difficult to influence. Their nomadic lifestyle has also made it difficult for missionaries to reach them. It is encouraging to hear of recent breakthroughs in ministering to Romani.
Most Romani have no Christian resources available to them. Christian broadcasts and Scriptures must be made available if they are to hear the Gospel. Christian workers are needed to teach them how to live lives pleasing to God.
* Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to share Christ with the Romani.
* Ask God to strengthen, encourage, and protect the small number of Romani Christians.
* Pray that those Romani who know Christ will be bold witnesses of the Gospel to their own people.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of Romani towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
* Pray that God will raise up intercessors who will stand in the gap for them.
* Ask the Lord to raise up fellowships of believers among the Middle East Romani.
|Profile Source: Bethany World Prayer Center|
|People Name General||Romani, Vlax|
|People Name in Country||Romani, Vlax|
|Progress Scale||3 ●|
|Frontier People Group||No|
|Pioneer Workers Needed|
|Alternate Names||Arhagar, Arhagar Gypsy, Baltic Gypsy, Cale, Cingane, Colombian Gypsy, Gitano, Gurbeti, Gypsy, Kalderash, Kalderash Gypsy, Lovari, Lovari Gypsy, Lovari Rom Gypsy, Lowara, Norwegian Gypsy, Rom, Romani, Romani, Romanian, Romanian, Romanichal Gypsy, Romungre, Rroma Gypsy, Rusurja, Turkish Gypsy, Vlach, Vlach Gypsy, Vlach Romany Gypsy, Vlax Rom Gypsy, Xoraxai, Zigenare|
|National Bible Society||Website|
|Persecution Rank||39 (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)|
|Primary Language||Romani, Vlax|
|Language Code||rmy Ethnologue Listing|
|Language Written||Yes ScriptSource Listing|
Primary Language: Romani, Vlax
|Bible Translation ▲||Status (Years)|
|Bible-New Testament||Yes (1984-1995)|
|Possible Print Bibles|
|Forum Bible Agencies|
|National Bible Societies|
|World Bible Finder|
|Resource Type ▲||Resource Name|
|Audio Recordings||Audio Bible teaching (GRN)|
|Audio Recordings||Online New Testament (FCBH)|
|Audio Recordings||Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)|
|Film / Video||Jesus Film: view in Romani, Vlax|
|Film / Video||Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)|
|Text / Printed Matter||Bible: Kalderash New Testament and Psalms 2004|
|Text / Printed Matter||Bible: Kalderash Romani for Romania|
|Text / Printed Matter||Bible: Romané New Testament|
|Text / Printed Matter||World Missionary Press Booklets|
|Major Religion ▲||Percent|
|Christianity (Evangelical 0.40 %)||
|Other / Small||
|Christian Segments ▲||Percent|