Pashtun in Pakistan


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 371 (10 largest shown)  Show all

Subgroup Name Population
Yusafzai 2,096,000
Khattak 873,000
Kakar 826,000
Mohmand 799,000
Afridi 745,000
Usman Khel 381,000
Marwat 359,000
Tarkani 308,000
Niazi 303,000
Tarin 302,000

Introduction / History

The Pashtun, or Pushtun, are a race of warriors who live primarily in Afghanistan and Pakistan. They consist of about sixty tribes, each with its own territory. Although their origin is unclear, their legends say that they are the descendants of Afghana, grandson of King Saul. However, most believe they probably arose from ancient Aryans intermingling with subsequent invaders.

The Pashtun are said to be elegant, colorfully attired, hospitable, considerate, fierce in hatred, and kind in friendship. Though very dedicated to their religious beliefs, they are also fond of pleasure. They are known for their marksmanship and their love of honor.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Most of the Pashtun live in southern and central Asia. Their homes lie along a chain of barren, rugged mountains.

At the core of Pashtun society is the extended family. Each family group owns its land and lives in a fortified residence called a qala. Every qala is divided into two areas: a general living area and the private living quarters. A high wall in the middle separates the two areas.

Distinctive tribal customs and traditions also form an integral part of Pashtun society. The true essence of their culture can be seen in the "code of ethics" that they live by. This unwritten code is called Pushtunwali ("the way of the Pushtun"), and is close to the heart of every Pashtun.

Pushtunwali is followed religiously, and it includes the following practices: melmastia (hospitality and protection to every guest); nanawati (the right of a fugitive to seek refuge, and acceptance of his bona fide offer of peace); badal (the right of blood feuds or revenge); tureh (bravery); sabat (steadfastness); imandari (righteousness); 'isteqamat (persistence); ghayrat (defense of property and honor); and namoos (defense of one's women).

The Pashtun tribes range from the highly educated who live in cities to tent-dwelling nomads. Although their societies are based on tribal traditions, the Pashtun who live in cities or villages have a different attitude towards social status than do the nomads. This is because the villages are made up of both Pashtun and non-Pashtun peoples. In most cases, the Pashtun are the landowners.

Traditionally, inheritances are divided equally among all the sons. The daughters are usually excluded, in spite of the clear teachings in the Koran concerning such matters. A daftari is a man who possesses a share in the tribal lands and has a voice in tribal councils. Such a person is regarded with high esteem in Pashtun society.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The majority of Pashtun are Sunni Muslims. Islam came to them as a great liberating and unifying force, freeing them from the cult of Brahminism and the harshness of Buddhism. For this reason, their underlying faith and steadfast devotion to Islam are very strong.


What Are Their Needs?

Many of the Pashtun are extremely poor and live in unsanitary conditions caused mainly by poor water supply. A large number of the adults are also illiterate. The need for qualified medical teams and school teachers is great.


Prayer Points

* Ask God to grant wisdom and favor to mission agencies that are focusing on the Pashtuns.
* Ask God to encourage and protect the small number of Pashtun believers.
* Pray that God will provide greater peace and freedom to live and work among the Pashtun.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften their hearts towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.


Profile Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-11-07
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-11-13
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-11-21
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-11-22
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-11-06
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-04-07
People Name General Pashtun, Northern
People Name in Country Pashtun
Population in Pakistan 25,404,000
World Population 28,580,800
Total Countries 16
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 3  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 508
Alternate Names Afghan, Eastern Pashto, Eastern Pathan, Khan Saheb, Khans, Musalman, Paktoons, Pashtun, Western, Pathan, Pushtun, Pushtun Afghan, Safi, Shafi, Western Pathan, पश्तून, नॉर्दर्न
People ID 14256
ROP3 Code 107909
Affinity Bloc Persian-Median
People Cluster Pashtun
People Group Pashtun, Northern
Ethnic Code CNT24a
Total Subgroups 371 (only 15 largest shown)
  Yusafzai 2,096,000
  Khattak 873,000
  Kakar 826,000
  Mohmand 799,000
  Afridi 745,000
  Usman Khel 381,000
  Marwat 359,000
  Tarkani 308,000
  Niazi 303,000
  Tarin 302,000
Country Pakistan
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 5  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 8
Largest States
Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
14,393,000
Federally Administer
4,306,000
Balochistan
2,733,000
Punjab
2,377,000
Sindh
1,356,000
Azad Kashmir
180,000
Gilgit-Baltistan
41,000
Islamabad
19,000
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country Pakistan
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 5  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 8
  Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa 14,393,000
  Federally Administer 4,306,000
  Balochistan 2,733,000
  Punjab 2,377,000
  Sindh 1,356,000
  Azad Kashmir 180,000
  Gilgit-Baltistan 41,000
  Islamabad 19,000
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Pashto, Northern (11,974,000 speakers)
Language Code pbu   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 33
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Pashto, Central
8,410,000
Pashto, Southern
1,336,000
Urdu
1,050,000
Kohistani, Indus
322,000
Khowar
163,000
Hindko, Northern
94,000
Hindko, Southern
91,000
Saraiki
72,000
Punjabi, Western
66,000
Sindhi
39,000
Shina
38,000
Torwali
31,000
Shina, Kohistani
29,000
Tajik
17,000
Kalami
15,000
Primary Language Pashto, Northern (11,974,000 speakers)
Language Code pbu   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 33
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Pashto, Central 8,410,000
  Pashto, Southern 1,336,000
  Urdu 1,050,000
  Kohistani, Indus 322,000
  Khowar 163,000
  Hindko, Northern 94,000
  Hindko, Southern 91,000
  Saraiki 72,000
  Punjabi, Western 66,000
  Sindhi 39,000
  Shina 38,000
  Torwali 31,000
  Shina, Kohistani 29,000
  Tajik 17,000
  Kalami 15,000
People Groups Speaking Pashto, Northern

Primary Language:  Pashto, Northern

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1824-2010)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1818-1991)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1895)
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Pashto, Northern
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
General General Ministry Resources
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Multi-Language Media
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Don LaVange  Creative Commons  Used with permission
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest Pakistan census data.  Current values may differ.


Copyright © 2018 Joshua Project.  A ministry of Frontier Ventures.