Meena in India

The Meena have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 11 (10 largest shown)  Show all

Subgroup Name Population
Zamindar 244,000
Chaukidar 232,000
Lohar 229,000
Ujla 229,000
Khati 191,000
Parihar 15,000
Bhil 12,000
Rajput 12,000
Gujar 200
Rawat 200

Introduction / History

Wild date palms and cactus on those dry hills are standing against the boiling sun above. The rocky mud path coils around the valleys. Camels with load move on them occasionally. These are common scenes around Udaipur, the lake city of Rajasthan.

Both sides of Udaipur-Ahmmadabad highway are hill ranges. One of the main people on these hills are the Meena. Fifteen kilometers on the highway from the city, we turned into a mud path. Though a camel is better on the rocky village road, my guide's Rajdoot motor bike seemed better to beat against the heat. Meenas like to stay scattered unlike the south Indian tribes who like to stay in clusters. Most of the hills have not more than two or three houses. Each of these houses will have a single room and a single entrance. Since there are no windows, door is the only source for light to creep in. It would be ideal in this place of extreme climates.

My friend had a hired hut in one of those hills. As we got inside and rested, I felt darkness was better. On the mid day, the comparatively low tiled roof was emitting heat. Most of the houses here have roof made of crude tiles. In summer when there is no agricultural activity, many of the men will be involved in making tiles. Hand-made clay tiles are baked in fire. Ladies will be killing time by making brooms and mats from palm branches. To beat boredom some will be distilling liquor. Country liquor made from the mova flower is the common and favorite hot drink in the season.

In summer, water is very scarce. Some places they even use sand to wash vessels! A few open and tube wells are found among some villages. We found an open well in Kodumudi village. It must be more than thirty feet deep. We had to wait for sometime to see someone coming to draw water. As a woman appeared, I was quick to white-balance my Palmcorder. The woman had a big pot with mud and charcoal paste around it to be washed off. Her head-covering had hid her face too. Through the black and white viewfinder I was watching her careful steps down to the bottom of the well through the crude steps projected from the wall. Washing the pot there and throwing the water a little far, she dipped the pot with a cloth on its mouth to filter! Now climbing up is not easier. These kinds of well may be used by several villagers. Water is precious in most places and fetching them is harder. Women walk quite a long away with several pots on head; this is a common scene in Rajasthan.

Lack of education, illiteracy and lack of access to proper facilities keep the Meena under the clutches of several sicknesses. Tuberculosis and death during delivery is common in the villages. Though pastures are scanty, several of them are also involved in tending cattle, trying to make a living by the sale of milk products and the calves.

Meena tribe is believed to be a mixture of more than one tribe. It seems the fisher men community called Meenavar eventually became Meena, who are notoriously known as thieves and robbers. They do not intermarry with other tribes. The younger brother of a deceased can marry his widow. It is told that a married man have freedom and access on his older brother's wife and wife's younger sister. Drums and dances are usual in marriages and other festivals. It is said that in such occasions as the drum beats tightens, dresses loosens and the dance becoming indecent is not uncommon.

Dead are cremated. The corpse of men is wrapped in white cloth and the women in colored cloth. Raised platforms of rectangle shapes are raised as tomb at the grave behind the residence.

In the empty slopes of a hill among the cactus were found stones installed and wooden poles stood with flags. These are places of offerings and chants. Meena in Udaipur area, worship spirits and the chief among them is 'Magarababji'. Meena believe in life after death and rebirth. Those who do well in this life are supposed to be born as stars in the next birth. Meenas are ruled by several such good and superstitious beliefs.

According to 2001 census, there are 3.8 million Meenas and most of them are in Rajasthan. They are known by the language they speak - Meena. There are not many serving among the Meena people to uplift from the superstitious beliefs and evil practices. Your prayers can make a difference to deliver them from the command of sinful life that they can shine as stars.


Profile Source:   Philipose Vaidyar  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-09-27
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-09-22
People Name General Meena
People Name in Country Meena
Population in India 4,645,000
World Population 4,645,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 3  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 93
Alternate Names Ge, Guin, Maina, Mena, Popo, मीना
People ID 13723
ROP3 Code 106638
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Group Meena
Ethnic Code CNN25g
Total Subgroups 11
  Zamindar 244,000
  Chaukidar 232,000
  Lohar 229,000
  Ujla 229,000
  Khati 191,000
  Parihar 15,000
  Bhil 12,000
  Rajput 12,000
  Gujar 200
  Rawat 200
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 10
Largest States
Rajasthan
4,178,000
Madhya Pradesh
378,000
Haryana
47,000
Uttar Pradesh
36,000
Delhi
4,100
Uttarakhand
1,800
Gujarat
80
Dadra and Nagar Have
40
Chandigarh
40
Maharashtra
20
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 10
  Rajasthan 4,178,000
  Madhya Pradesh 378,000
  Haryana 47,000
  Uttar Pradesh 36,000
  Delhi 4,100
  Uttarakhand 1,800
  Gujarat 80
  Dadra and Nagar Have 40
  Chandigarh 40
  Maharashtra 20
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Hindi (1,805,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 40
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Dhundari
1,257,000
Mewari
689,000
Bhili
494,000
Marwari
233,000
Shekhawati
160,000
Haroti: Harauti
107,000
Punjabi, Eastern
24,000
Malvi
15,000
Merwari
15,000
Bundeli
4,400
Braj Bhasha
4,100
Wagdi
2,700
Bagri
1,800
Garhwali
1,500
Gujarati
1,100
Primary Language Hindi (1,805,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 40
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Dhundari 1,257,000
  Mewari 689,000
  Bhili 494,000
  Marwari 233,000
  Shekhawati 160,000
  Haroti: Harauti 107,000
  Punjabi, Eastern 24,000
  Malvi 15,000
  Merwari 15,000
  Bundeli 4,400
  Braj Bhasha 4,100
  Wagdi 2,700
  Bagri 1,800
  Garhwali 1,500
  Gujarati 1,100
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1818-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video A Pilgrimage (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Aasha - Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Coconuts (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Creation to Christ (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Father's Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Haqeeqat Episode 6 (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video Ten Virgins (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video The Final Prodigal (Indigitube.tv)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.14 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.70 %
Islam
0.10 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.01 %
Unknown
0.06 %
Photo Source COMIBAM / Sepal 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Philipose Vaidyar  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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