Hazara in Pakistan


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest Pakistan census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

The Hazara are probably of Mongol descent; descendants of soldiers left in Afghanistan by Genghis Khan in order to occupy the region. Their Mongol physical characteristics and their language have long distinguished them from the other ethnic groups of the area. Their language, called Hazaragi, is an Indo-Iranian tongue with many words borrowed from Mongol. Many Hazara also speak Dari Persian as a second language.
Their homeland, Afghanistan, has been shaken by rebellions and civil war. After an unsuccessful rebellion in the 1800s, some Hazara fled and settled in Pakistan. In recent years, they have been joined by other Hazara refugees fleeing the civil war in Afghanistan. The Hazara live primarily in central Afghanistan, but there are also significant communities living in Iran and Pakistan. The Hazara of Pakistan live mainly in and around the city of Quetta. Quetta is located in Pakistan's southwestern province of Baluchistan.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Traditionally, the Hazara were nomads raising sheep, goats, and horses. Now, some earn a living through mixed grain farming. The major crops are wheat and barley, and they also grow a variety of fruits. Many of the men work as cobblers, porters, water carriers or trash collectors. This willingness to perform menial tasks has had an adverse effect on them; it earned them a reputation as hardworking people, while also resulting in their being looked down upon and discriminated against.
Hazara men wear knee length, cotton shirts hanging over matching baggy trousers, embroidered skullcaps, and turbans. Women wear similar clothing, except that they use brightly colored shawls to cover their heads.
Hazara marriage ceremonies follow the traditional Shia Islamic pattern. Most marry within their own communities and nearly always within the Hazara ethnic group. They prefer marriages between first cousins, particularly from the father's side of the family. When a girl reaches about fifteen years of age, she is usually married to the man of her parents' choice.
Only boys have the opportunity for formal education, which usually lasts only one or two years. The teachings are centered on Islam, and memorization of poetry is a major part of their education. As a result, illiteracy is very high among the Hazara.
Despite their reputation as fierce, warlike people, the Hazara are widely renowned for their hospitality, warmth, and generosity. Also, Hazara women have a greater degree of social freedom than women in most other Muslim groups.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Unlike most Pakistanis who follow Sunni Islam, the Hazara follow the Shia sect of Islam. Although they shun the most stringent Muslim customs, the Hazara are devoted to their faith, praying five times per day while facing the holy city of Mecca and fasting during the month of Ramadan.
Religious authorities called Sayyids play an integral role in the Islamic beliefs of the Hazara. Sayyids have claimed descent from the founder of Islam, Mohammed. Although they were originally Arabs, the Sayyids of Pakistan have intermarried with the Hazara and have become much like them in physical appearance and culture. They use their sacred qualities to serve the religious needs of the common people. Hazaras believe the Sayyids' prayers and good favor bring blessing.


What Are Their Needs?

The Hazara are looked down upon and despised by other ethnic groups. Both in Afghanistan and Pakistan, the Hazaras are often physically attacked for their Shia faith. They are some of the poorest people of Pakistan and suffer an alarming array of health problems; eye diseases, leprosy, and tuberculosis are very common.
They also have great spiritual needs with few opportunities to encounter Jesus Christ who alone can provide them with answers.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Hazara in Pakistan.

Pray for the Lord to protect these violated people.
Pray for the JESUS Film and other Christian materials to become readily available to the Hazaras in Pakistan and Afghanistan.
Pray for Hazara family heads to have a spiritual hunger that will lead them to the only Savior.
Pray for a Disciple Making Movement among the Hazara people in Pakistan and India.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-04-21
People Name General Hazara
People Name in Country Hazara
Pronunciation huh-ZAH-ruh
Population this Country 217,000
Population all Countries 4,754,000
Total Countries 8
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 4
Alternate Names Afghan Persian; Behsud; Berberi; Dai Kundi; Dai Miradad; Dai Zangi; Ghazni Hazaras; Jaguri; Khawari; Polada; Teymur; Urusgani; Yekaulang; हज़ारा
People ID 12076
ROP3 Code 103743
Country Pakistan
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 5  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 6
Largest States
Balochistan
141,000
Sindh
33,000
Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
30,000
Punjab
10,000
Islamabad
3,200
Azad Kashmir
70
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country Pakistan
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 5  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 6
  Balochistan 141,000
  Sindh 33,000
  Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa 30,000
  Punjab 10,000
  Islamabad 3,200
  Azad Kashmir 70
Website South Asia Peoples

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Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Hazaragi (202,000 speakers)
Language Code haz   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 5
Secondary Languages
Dari
40,000
Pashto, Central
19,000
Urdu
4,500
Pashto, Northern
500
Primary Language Hazaragi (202,000 speakers)
Language Code haz   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 5
Secondary Languages
  Dari 40,000
  Pashto, Central 19,000
  Urdu 4,500
  Pashto, Northern 500
People Groups Speaking Hazaragi

Primary Language:  Hazaragi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (2008-2015)
Bible-New Testament No
Bible-Complete No
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hazaragi
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest Pakistan census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source Anonymous 
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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