Pashtun Bangash in Pakistan


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest Pakistan census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

The Bangash people are one of the 30 major tribes that make up the Pashtun. The Pashtun are the largest tribal people in the world, with over 50 million members. Most Bangash live northwestern Pakistan near the city of Peshawar and the Afghan border. Smaller groups live across northern India. The Pashtun ruled Afghanistan from 1747 until 1973 and are the dominant people in that country.


Like all Pashtun, the Bangash live and die based on their honor code. One’s public reputation is paramount to a Pashtun. All one’s decisions should avoid shaming one’s family and tribe. Such a collectivistic mentality is difficult for a person from the West to comprehend.


Many Pashtuns have left their traditional homeland of Pakistan and Afghanistan and moved to areas where they are a minority, such as northern India, the Persian Gulf and the West. Due to the poverty and unrest in their homeland, many men leave and seek employment. They send much of their earnings home to support their families. A husband and father may spend only a few weeks a year with his family.


The primary language of the Bangash is Northern Pashto. Many Bangash men can speak Urdu, the national language of Pakistan. A complete Bible became available in Northern Pashto in 2019. The Bangash are primarily an oral culture with only a minority of people being able to read and write. There are few, if any, Bangash followers of Christ.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The traditional occupations of the Bangash involve agriculture and animal husbandry. They grow barley, wheat and millet along with seasonal fruit and vegetables. They raise goats, sheep and cattle for their hides, meat and milk products. Bangash trade surplus grain and animals for things they cannot make themselves such as cell phones, radios, appliances and weapons. Many Bangash now live in urban areas where they work as drivers, security guards and in the construction and retail businesses.


Men and women have clearly defined roles in Bangash society. Men work, fight and provide for their families. Women work in the home and take care of her children. A woman must submit to her father, husband and brothers. In cities, women are becoming more educated and working outside the home.


All Pashtun men must be a warrior. Any affront to one’s family or tribe must be avenged. As a result, blood feuds sometimes last for decades.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Bangash are evenly divided between Sunnis and Shias, the two main branches of Islam. These two Muslim groups have been fighting each other since the time of Mohammad’s death. Both groups of Islam believe that by obeying the Five Pillars of Islam that one will obtain paradise when one dies. Most Bangash also practice folk Islam with a belief in evil spirits and a reverence for Muslim saints and their ancestors.


What Are Their Needs?

Few rural Bangash have access to modern medicine and schools for their children. Teams of medical personnel can help bring basic health to the Bangash. Teachers can help their children learn to read and write. Most of all, the Bangash need to hear a clear presentation of the good news of Isa or Jesus Christ. He alone can forgive their sins and grant them eternal life.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Pashtun Bangash in Pakistan.

Pray that radio and TV programs become available in the dialect of Northern Pashto that the Bangash speak.


Pray that Bangash families respond positively to these radio and TV programs.


Pray for a just and lasting peace in the areas where the Bangash live.


Pray for a spiritual hunger for God in Bangash leaders that will lead them to the cross.


Pray the Lord raises up a strong church planting movement among the Bangash of Pakistan this decade.



Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Pashtun Bangash
People Name in Country Pashtun Bangash
Population this Country 360,000
Population all Countries 430,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 7
Alternate Names
People ID 22136
ROP3 Code 119154
Country Pakistan
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 8  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 2
Largest States
Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
343,000
Sindh
17,000
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country Pakistan
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 8  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 2
  Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa 343,000
  Sindh 17,000
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Pashto, Northern (235,000 speakers)
Language Code pbu   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 11
Secondary Languages
Pashto, Central
109,000
Hindko, Northern
16,000
Saraiki
11,000
Urdu
4,700
Sindhi
3,400
Hindko, Southern
1,800
Dari
1,200
Khowar
1,000
Dhatki
200
Ormuri
100
Primary Language Pashto, Northern (235,000 speakers)
Language Code pbu   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 11
Secondary Languages
  Pashto, Central 109,000
  Hindko, Northern 16,000
  Saraiki 11,000
  Urdu 4,700
  Sindhi 3,400
  Hindko, Southern 1,800
  Dari 1,200
  Khowar 1,000
  Dhatki 200
  Ormuri 100
People Groups Speaking Pashto, Northern

Primary Language:  Pashto, Northern

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1824-2010)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1818-1991)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1895-2019)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching
Audio Recordings DAVAR Partners recording, New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio
Film / Video God's Love Story
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Pashto, Northern
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
Film / Video Magdalena video
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
Film / Video The Savior 0 - The Savior Trailer
Film / Video The Savior 4 - Sowing of the Word
General Biblical answers to your questions
General General Ministry Resources
General Gospel resources links
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Pashto, Northern
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest Pakistan census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2022  Azhar Khan - Shutterstock  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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