Teli Gangauta (Hindu traditions) in Nepal


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Teli Gangauta of southeastern Nepal are a people whose traditional occupation was oil pressing. The word Teli comes from the Hindi word for oil. The Teli would use oxen to crush mustard, sunflower, sesame seeds and groundnuts to obtain oil. The oil was used for cooking, lighting and medicine.

Today industrial, mechanical means are used to crush the seeds or nuts. Some Teli are still involved in the production and distribution of oils. Many Teli have taken up other professions like factory work, trade, banking, transportation and hotel work. The Teli are considered to be of the Vaishya or merchant caste, the third of the four major castes of Hinduism. Land is the main economic resource for the majority of the rural Teli community. Some have taken up animal husbandry as a vocation rearing sheep and goats.

The Teli encourage education for both their sons and daughters. The primary language of the Teli of Nepal is Maithili.


Where Are they Located?

The Teli Gangauta of Nepal live in the states of Sagarmatha and Kosi. The vast majority of this people live in India.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Teli Gangauta marry only within their community. Family elders arrange marriages on both sides. The bride's family pays a dowry. Sons inherit parental property. In past times the Teli lived in extended families in which sons' families lived with or near their parents. They are now gradually changing to nuclear or single unit families. Women contribute to family income by weaving cotton into clothes and other useful items.

The Teli people have many folk songs and tales, and the women sing and dance to the accompaniment of the drums on holidays and special occasions.

A council of elders promotes the Teli's interests and decides legal disputes.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Teli Gangauta practice Hinduism, influenced by folk religion. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Teli Gangauta visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers and incense to their gods. There are many forms of Hinduism, each with its own deities and beliefs. Their primary deity of the Teli is Shiva, the destroyer god. The Teli also worship clan deities and their ancestors. Their dead are cremated and the ashes put into a river.

The main yearly holidays of the Teli Gangauta people are Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights, Navratri, the celebration of autumn and Rama Navami, Rama's birthday.


What Are Their Needs?

The Teli Gangauta of Nepal need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand. They need to see the love and mercy of Christ lived out in practical ways before them especially in light of the recent earthquakes that struck Nepal. The Teli would benefit by Christian agricultural experts teaching them how to increase their crops yields.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Teli Gangauta (Hindu traditions) in Nepal.

* Pray for Christian workers to be effective in demonstrating how Jesus blesses and heals families and communities.
* Pray for the Holy Spirit to give the Teli Gangauta people a love for God's Word and a desire to spread its influence.
* Pray that God will overthrow spiritual forces of darkness opposing the spread of His Gospel among the Teli Gangauta community.


References

peoplegroupsindia.com/profiles/teli/
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teli
peoplegroups.org/Explore/groupdetails.aspx?peid=41388


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

People Name General Teli Gangauta (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Teli Gangauta (Hindu traditions)
World Population 581,000
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names mandal, टेली गणगौता (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 21259
ROP3 Code 118081
Country Nepal
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 32  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 4
Largest States
Sagarmatha
7,000
Kosi
3,100
Janakpur
1,400
Narayani
800
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country Nepal
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 32  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 4
  Sagarmatha 7,000
  Kosi 3,100
  Janakpur 1,400
  Narayani 800
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Maithili (12,000 speakers)
Language Code mai   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 4
Secondary Languages
Bhojpuri
600
Nepali
400
Magahi
50
Primary Language Maithili (12,000 speakers)
Language Code mai   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 4
Secondary Languages
  Bhojpuri 600
  Nepali 400
  Magahi 50
People Groups Speaking Maithili

Primary Language:  Maithili

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes
Bible-New Testament Yes  (2010)
Bible-Complete No
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Maithili
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Good News
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Maithili
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Bible: jivən səndesh
Text / Printed Matter Jesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed Matter OneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
100.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Marcel Fayon 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest Nepal census data.  Current values may differ.