Rajput Chauhan (Muslim traditions) in Pakistan


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The Rajputs

Source:  Asia Harvest      Download

Introduction / History

Starting in the 5th century, there was a massive attack by the White Huns in what is now northern and northwestern India and Pakistan. About a century later the reigning Hindu-based Gupta Empire broke up, leaving the Subcontinent vulnerable to Muslim invaders from the north. As time went on, invaders took over land and integrated with the settled peoples of this region. Tribal leaders, especially those involved with defense, were accepted as Kshatrya, the second highest varna (major type of castes) in Hindu society, while their followers became Shudras, the fourth and lowest varna. Priests became the Brahmins, the highest of the four varnas.

The Rajputs, who were part of the Kshatrya varna, became politically important in the seventh century. From around 800 Rajput dynasties ruled northern India. The Chauhan Rajput clan was especially powerful in Rajasthan.Petty Rajput kingdoms were the main obstacle for Muslim domination of the Hindu subcontinent. For hundreds of years Rajputs were the warriors who defended kingdoms from invaders and conquered others. Whenever possible, Rajputs settled down, became nobles, and enjoyed the lives of landed gentry. Then and now Rajputs are divided by clan.

Over a period of a couple hundred years, invaders penetrated the Rajput wall that protected the Subcontinent. Some Rajput subgroups converted to Islam during this time. The British Empire put an end to the Moghul Empire, but they recruited Rajputs into their military units. After independence, Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi abolished Rajput titles and property rights. The Rajputs have kept alive their proud history of conquest, bravery, and military might.


Where Are they Located?

Pakistan's Rajputs like the Chauhans live mostly in Punjab Province.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Though many Rajputs are still in the armed forces or own land, many have moved on to other livelihoods. Rajputs who aren't so fortunate work as small businessmen or wage laborers.

They try to marry their daughters into clans of higher rank than their own. The Rajput clans in Rajasthan have the highest status, so families want their daughters to marry men from that state. Unfortunately, Rajputs often marry their daughters off while they are very young.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Though all Rajputs were once Hindu, some members of the Chaunan clan converted to Islam starting in the early 12th century. Sufi Muslim missionaries were instrumental in winning these Hindus to Islam, though others converted to Islam for political reasons. Conversion to Islam continued into the 19th century when the British were gaining power in the Subcontinent. It is important to note that conversions happen at the group level; entire Rajput clans converted to Islam, not individuals. Those who want to see Rajputs won to Jesus Christ should remember this.

Rajputs who have embraced Islam usually retain common social practices such as having their wives secluded (purdah). Those who are devout do their five daily ritual prayers, give alms to the poor, and go on the pilgrimage (haj) to Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Muslims from all communities come together on Friday afternoons to pray and hear a sermon at local mosques.


What Are Their Needs?

Chauhan Rajputs are going through an identity crisis. They can no longer depend on land ownership or military careers. Believers with the right skills can help them during this time of transition.


Prayer Points

* Pray for the Muslim Chauhan Rajput community to increasingly grow in awareness of Jesus and why they need Him.
* Pray the Lord will give these Rajputs a spiritual hunger, then satisfy that hunger.
* Pray that these people will understand the value of becoming part of God's royal family.
* Pray for a Holy Spirit led humility for all Rajput communities to fall at the feet of the King of kings.
* Pray for a disciple making movement among every Rajput community.


References

https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/20235/PK
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chauhan
http://www.indianrajputs.com/history/chauhan.php
http://www.thikanarajputana.in/chauhan-history-of-chauhan-rajput/
http://allrajputyouthwing.weebly.com/muslim-rajputs-history.html
https://joshuaproject.net/index.php/people_groups/17928/IN
http://induhistory.blogspot.com/p/rajput-history.html
https://www.britannica.com/topic/Rajput
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rajput


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Rajput Chauhan (Muslim traditions)
People Name in Country Rajput Chauhan (Muslim traditions)
Population in Pakistan 510,000
World Population 814,900
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 10
Alternate Names राजपूत, चौहान (मुस्लिम ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 20235
ROP3 Code 115979
Country Pakistan
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 5  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 8
Largest States
Sindh
243,000
Punjab
242,000
Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
11,000
Islamabad
7,900
Azad Kashmir
5,400
Gilgit-Baltistan
100
Federally Administer
60
Balochistan
30
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country Pakistan
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 5  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 8
  Sindh 243,000
  Punjab 242,000
  Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa 11,000
  Islamabad 7,900
  Azad Kashmir 5,400
  Gilgit-Baltistan 100
  Federally Administer 60
  Balochistan 30
Website South Asia Peoples

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Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Punjabi, Western (211,000 speakers)
Language Code pnb   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 14
Secondary Languages
Urdu
144,000
Sindhi
74,000
Saraiki
42,000
Marwari
3,500
Hindko, Southern
1,900
Hindko, Northern
1,600
Marwari
1,100
Pashto, Northern
300
Shina
300
Shina, Kohistani
200
Kashmiri
80
Khowar
50
Merwari
40
Other People Groups Speaking Punjabi, Western
Primary Language Punjabi, Western (211,000 speakers)
Language Code pnb   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 14
Secondary Languages
  Urdu 144,000
  Sindhi 74,000
  Saraiki 42,000
  Marwari 3,500
  Hindko, Southern 1,900
  Hindko, Northern 1,600
  Marwari 1,100
  Pashto, Northern 300
  Shina 300
  Shina, Kohistani 200
  Kashmiri 80
  Khowar 50
  Merwari 40
People Groups Speaking Punjabi, Western

Primary Language:  Punjabi, Western

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1885-1922)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1819-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1959)
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings Online Scripture / Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video House of Love (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Punjabi, Western
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Text / Printed Matter Cartoon Gospel tract
Text / Printed Matter EasyBibles
Text / Printed Matter EasyBibles
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
Unknown
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Anonymous 
Video Source Asia Harvest
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest Pakistan census data.  Current values may differ.


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