Rajput, Bhale Sultan (Muslim traditions) in Pakistan


Population
7,700
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge


The Rajputs

Source:  Asia Harvest      Download

Introduction / History

Starting in the 5th century, there was a massive attack by the White Huns in what is now northern and northwestern India and Pakistan. About a century later the reigning Hindu-based Gupta Empire broke up, leaving the Subcontinent vulnerable to Muslim invaders from the north. As time went on, invaders took over land and integrated with the settled peoples of this region. Tribal leaders, especially those involved with defense, were accepted as Kshatrya, the second highest varna (major type of castes) in Hindu society, while their followers became Shudras, the fourth and lowest varna. Priests became the Brahmins, the highest of the four varnas.

The Rajputs, who were part of the Kshatrya varna, became politically important in the seventh century. From around 800CE Rajput dynasties ruled northern India. Petty Rajput kingdoms were the main obstacle for Muslim domination of the Hindu subcontinent. For more than 500 years Rajputs were the warriors who defended kingdoms from invaders and conquered others. When possible, Rajputs settled down, became nobles, and enjoyed the lives of landed gentry.

Over a period of a couple hundred years, invaders penetrated the Rajput wall that protected the Subcontinent. Some Rajput subgroups converted to Islam during this time. The British Raj took over the Islamic Moghul Empire in South Asia. During their rule, which ended in 1947, the British recruited Rajputs into their military units. By the 1930s the Indian census stopped noting that someone is Rajput, so Rajput lineage has been less clear ever since. The Rajputs have kept alive their proud history of conquest, bravery, and military might.


Where Are they Located?

Most of Pakistan's Rajput clans reside in Punjab Province.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Though many Bhale Rajputs are still in the armed forces or own land, many have moved on to other livelihoods. Some work as small businessmen or wage laborers.

They try to marry their daughters into clans of higher rank than their own. Rajputs often marry their daughters off while they are very young.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Though all Rajputs were once Hindu, some clans converted to Islam starting in the early 12th century. Among the Bhale Sultan clan, some converted and others remained Hindu. Sufi Muslim missionaries were instrumental in winning these Hindus to Islam, though others converted to Islam for political reasons. Conversion to Islam continued into the 19th century when the British were gaining power in the Subcontinent. It is important to note that conversions happen at the group level; entire Rajput clans converted to Islam, not individuals. Those who want to see Rajputs won to Jesus Christ should remember this.

Rajputs who have embraced Islam like members of the Bhale Sultan clan retain common social practices such as having their wives secluded (purdah). Those who are devout do their five daily ritual prayers, give alms to the poor, and go on the pilgrimage (haj) to Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Muslims from all communities come together on Friday afternoons to pray and hear a sermon at local mosques.


What Are Their Needs?

The Muslim Bhale Sultan Rajputs are going through an identity crisis. They can no longer depend on land ownership or military careers, especially with the Indian government reserving prestigious jobs for "backward" (ie, underprivileged) castes. Believers with the right skills can help them during this time of transition.


Prayer Points

* Pray for the Muslim Bhale Sultan Rajput community to increasingly grow in awareness of Jesus, his life and his sacrifice for them.
* Pray the Lord will give Bhale Sultan Rajputs a spiritual hunger, then satisfy that hunger.
* Pray that these Rajputs will understand the value of becoming part of God's royal family.
* Pray for a Holy Spirit led humility for all Rajput communities to fall at the feet of the King of kings.
* Pray for a disciple making movement among every Rajput community.


References

https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/20233/IN
https://newpakhistorian.wordpress.com/tag/muslim-bhale-sultan-rajputs/
https://www.revolvy.com/topic/Bhale Sultan&stype=topics
http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Bhale_Sultan
http://www.bhalesultanrajput.myewebsite.com/articles/bhale-sultan-rajput-history.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhale_Sultan_Khanzada
https://joshuaproject.net/index.php/people_groups/17928/IN
http://induhistory.blogspot.com/p/rajput-history.html
https://www.britannica.com/topic/Rajput
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rajput


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Rajput, Bhale Sultan (Muslim traditions)
People Name in Country Rajput, Bhale Sultan (Muslim traditions)
Population in Pakistan 7,700
World Population 58,700
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1 to 2
Progress Scale 1
Alternate Names राजपूत, भले सुल्तान (मुस्लिम ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 20233
ROP3 Code 115977
Country Pakistan
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 4  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 2
Largest States
Sindh
(5,600)
Punjab
(2,100)
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country Pakistan
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 4  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 2
  Sindh (5,600)
  Punjab (2,100)
Website South Asia Peoples

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Ethnologue Language Map
Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Urdu (3,600 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 3
Secondary Languages
Punjabi, Western
(2,000)
Sindhi
(1,400)
People Groups Speaking Urdu
Primary Language Urdu (3,600 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 3
Secondary Languages
  Punjabi, Western (2,000)
  Sindhi (1,400)
People Groups Speaking Urdu

Primary Language:  Urdu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes   (1747-1894)
Bible-New Testament Yes   (1758-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes   (1843-1998)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum of Bible Agencies
Gospel Go
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Easy to Read (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Pakistan Bible Society (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Audio Recordings Urdu Bible stories
Audio Recordings Urdu Online Audio Bible
Film / Video A Gathering of the Followers of Isa (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Urdu
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Greatest Sacrifice (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video The Hope Video
Film / Video The Prophets Story (Indigitube.tv)
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Gods Simple Plan
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Video Source Asia Harvest
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Religion Values * From Pakistan census data.  Current values may differ.


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