Starting in the 5th century, there was a massive attack by the White Huns in what is now northern and northwestern India and Pakistan. About a century later the reigning Hindu-based Gupta Empire broke up, leaving the Subcontinent vulnerable to Muslim invaders from the north. As time went on, invaders took over land and integrated with the settled peoples of this region. Tribal leaders, especially those involved with defense, were accepted as Kshatrya, the second highest varna (major type of castes) in Hindu society, while their followers became Shudras, the fourth and lowest varna. Priests became the Brahmins, the highest of the four varnas.
The Rajputs, who were part of the Kshatrya varna, became politically important in the seventh century. From around 800CE Rajput dynasties ruled northern India. Petty Rajput kingdoms were the main obstacle for Muslim domination of the Hindu subcontinent. For more than 500 years Rajputs were the warriors who defended kingdoms from invaders and conquered others. When possible, Rajputs settled down, became nobles, and enjoyed the lives of landed gentry.
Over a period of a couple hundred years, invaders penetrated the Rajput wall that protected the Subcontinent. Some Rajput subgroups converted to Islam during this time. The British Raj took over the Islamic Moghul Empire in South Asia. During their rule, which ended in 1947, the British recruited Rajputs into their military units. By the 1930s the Indian census stopped noting that someone is Rajput, so Rajput lineage has been less clear ever since. The Rajputs have kept alive their proud history of conquest, bravery, and military might.
Most of Pakistan's Rajput clans reside in Punjab Province.
Though many Bhale Rajputs are still in the armed forces or own land, many have moved on to other livelihoods. Some work as small businessmen or wage laborers.
They try to marry their daughters into clans of higher rank than their own. Rajputs often marry their daughters off while they are very young.
Though all Rajputs were once Hindu, some clans converted to Islam starting in the early 12th century. Among the Bhale Sultan clan, some converted and others remained Hindu. Sufi Muslim missionaries were instrumental in winning these Hindus to Islam, though others converted to Islam for political reasons. Conversion to Islam continued into the 19th century when the British were gaining power in the Subcontinent. It is important to note that conversions happen at the group level; entire Rajput clans converted to Islam, not individuals. Those who want to see Rajputs won to Jesus Christ should remember this.
Rajputs who have embraced Islam like members of the Bhale Sultan clan retain common social practices such as having their wives secluded (purdah). Those who are devout do their five daily ritual prayers, give alms to the poor, and go on the pilgrimage (haj) to Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Muslims from all communities come together on Friday afternoons to pray and hear a sermon at local mosques.
The Muslim Bhale Sultan Rajputs are going through an identity crisis. They can no longer depend on land ownership or military careers, especially with the Indian government reserving prestigious jobs for "backward" (ie, underprivileged) castes. Believers with the right skills can help them during this time of transition.
* Scripture Prayers for the Rajput Bhale Sultan (Muslim traditions) in Pakistan.
* Pray for the Muslim Bhale Sultan Rajput community to increasingly grow in awareness of Jesus, his life and his sacrifice for them.
* Pray the Lord will give Bhale Sultan Rajputs a spiritual hunger, then satisfy that hunger.
* Pray that these Rajputs will understand the value of becoming part of God's royal family.
* Pray for a Holy Spirit led humility for all Rajput communities to fall at the feet of the King of kings.
* Pray for a disciple making movement among every Rajput community.
|Profile Source: Keith Carey|
|People Name General||Rajput Bhale Sultan (Muslim traditions)|
|People Name in Country||Rajput Bhale Sultan (Muslim traditions)|
|Progress Scale||1 ●|
|Frontier People Group||Yes|
|Pioneer Workers Needed||1|
|Alternate Names||राजपूत, भले सुल्तान (मुस्लिम ट्रेडिशन्स)|
|National Bible Society||Website|
|Persecution Rank||5 (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)|
|Total States on file||2|
|Specialized Website||South Asia Peoples|
|Primary Language||Urdu (3,600 speakers)|
|Language Code||urd Ethnologue Listing|
|Language Written||Yes ScriptSource Listing|
Primary Language: Urdu
|Bible Translation ▲||Status (Years)|
|Bible-New Testament||Yes (1758-2000)|
|Possible Print Bibles|
|Forum Bible Agencies|
|National Bible Societies|
|World Bible Finder|
|Resource Type ▲||Resource Name|
|Audio Recordings||Audio Bible teaching (GRN)|
|Audio Recordings||Online New Testament - Easy to Read (FCBH)|
|Audio Recordings||Online New Testament - Pakistan Bible Society (FCBH)|
|Audio Recordings||Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)|
|Audio Recordings||Oral Bible|
|Audio Recordings||Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)|
|Audio Recordings||Urdu Online Audio Bible|
|Film / Video||A Gathering of the Followers of Isa (Indigitube.tv)|
|Film / Video||God's Story Video|
|Film / Video||Jesus Film: view in Urdu|
|Film / Video||Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)|
|Film / Video||My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)|
|Film / Video||Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)|
|Film / Video||The Greatest Sacrifice (Indigitube.tv)|
|Film / Video||The Hope Video|
|Film / Video||The Prophets Story (Indigitube.tv)|
|General||Four Spiritual Laws|
|General||God's Simple Plan|
|General||Got Questions Ministry|