Hmong Shua, Sinicized in China


Population
346,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge


The Miao

Source:  Asia Harvest      Download

Identity

The Hmong Shuad are a distinct ethnolinguistic people group. Their language is very different from all other Miao languages. Most of this group use the autonym Hmong Shuad which means "Sinicized Miao." However, the Hmong Shuad still speak their own Miao language and wear traditional clothing. The Chinese call different Hmong Shuad subgroups by local names, such as Waishu Miao (Lopsided Comb Miao), Biantou Miao (Flat Head Miao), Mushu Miao (Wooden Comb Miao), and Shuixi Miao (West of the Water Miao).


History

The Miao have a woeful history of warfare and genocide inflicted on them by the Chinese. One attack was launched in 1726. Qing Dynasty troops set more than 1,000 Miao villages on fire, butchered tens of thousands of people, and destroyed their farmland. In response, in 1727 various Miao tribes unified against the Chinese, constructing stone signal towers at one-mile intervals along mountain ridges. The Miao took blood oaths to fight the Chinese to the death. They even killed their own wives and children, so they could face the advancing enemy as men with nothing to lose. In 1795 the Miao took up knives and long poles in another revolt against Qing troops. The Miao occupied many townships for more than a decade. Another uprising occurred from 1851 to 1874. The Miao forces were victorious and gained control of almost the entire northwest area of Guizhou Province.


Customs

Some Hmong Shuad claim their ancestors were soldiers sent to Guizhou from Jiangxi. The soldiers settled down and married Miao women. As a result, today many Hmong Shuad do not even claim Miao ethnicity. Other Miao groups call them "Chinese Hmong."


Religion

The majority of Hmong Shuad are animists. They also worship their ancestors, a practice that probably stems from their Chinese origins.


Christianity

Because they are such a widespread group, the influence of Christianity among the Hmong Shuad is difficult to gauge. However, there is a Christian presence in Anshun and Shuicheng, two of the areas where the Hmong Shuad live. Jinping County in Yunnan also contains many Hmong Daw believers. A number of Hmong Shuad attend Han Chinese churches in the region.


Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-07-04
People Name General Hmong Shua, Sinicized
People Name in Country Hmong Shua, Sinicized
Population in China 346,000
World Population 348,400
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 6
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Biantou Miao, Chinese Miao, Han Miao, H'mông (Mèo), Hmong La, Hmong Sa, Hmong Shua, Hmong Sua, Hmong, Shuad, Mushu Miao, Paddy-Field Miao, Shuixi Miao, Sinicized Miao, Waishu Miao
People ID 18496
ROP3 Code 114107
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 39  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country More than 260,000 Hmong Shuad live in southern China. They primarily occupy parts of Zhijin and Anshun counties in the western part of Guizhou Province. Small communities are also found in southeastern Yunnan, and southward into Vietnam where about 2,000 Hmong Shuad live.   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 39  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country More than 260,000 Hmong Shuad live in southern China. They primarily occupy parts of Zhijin and Anshun counties in the western part of Guizhou Province. Small communities are also found in southeastern Yunnan, and southward into Vietnam where about 2,000 Hmong Shuad live..   Source:  Operation China, 2000

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Ethnologue Language Map
Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Sinicized Miao (346,000 speakers)
Language Code hmz   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Unknown
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Sinicized Miao
Primary Language Sinicized Miao (346,000 speakers)
Language Code hmz   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Sinicized Miao

Primary Language:  Sinicized Miao

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions No
Bible-New Testament No
Bible-Complete No
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Sinicized Miao
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 1.80 %)
2.50 %
Ethnic Religions
93.50 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
4.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
100.0 %
Orthodox
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
Protestant
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2017  Peoples of the World Foundation  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Video Source Asia Harvest
Profile Source Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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