Vaddar (Hindu traditions) in Pakistan

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge
* Data can be from various sources including official census, agencies, and local research. Data from these sources can sometimes differ even by orders of magnitude. Joshua Project attempts to present a conservative, balanced estimate.

Introduction / History

The Hindu Vaddar or Bhovi people trace their origin from Odisha in east central India. Vaddar are believed to have migrated to various southern states of India and eventually to Pakistan. The word Bhovi is a corrupt form of Bhavi which means in Kannada "earth-digger." They have been involved in the digging of wells and graves since ancient time. In the Partition of India in 1947, most Hindu Vaddar moved to India while the majority of Muslim Vaddars relocated to Pakistan. The Vaddar are immigrants from South India mainly from Andhra Pradesh, though a smaller number are in Pakistan.
There are three main groups, namely Kallu Bhovi who are masons and stone cutters, Mannu Bhovi who are earth-workers and Uppar Bhovi who work as menial laborers.
The primary language of the Vaddar in Pakistan is Sindhi. Many resources are available in Sindhi including a complete Bible and the JESUS Film.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The Vaddar in Pakistan have decreased in population over the years. They are earth-workers and are constantly moving about in search of work. Their main occupation as well and grave diggers has been replaced by modern machinery. Some Vaddar now are employed as unskilled agricultural workers. Vaddar farm on land that is owned by other higher castes or Muslims. Vaddar women have a role in the economic, social and religious spheres of their community and contribute to the family income.
The Vaddar tend to marry within their group. The Hindus and Muslims generally treat them as having low caste status. The girls often marry in their teens while the young men are typically older, so they are able to support a new family. Families arrange marriages with the input of the young people.
Lack of education is a huge problem for the Vaddar people. Most men have only the rudiments of literacy while many women are unable to read and write. Children who attend school often quit early in order to help their families earn a living.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Vaddar practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. Hinduism is a catch-all phrase for the local religions of South Asia, so it is very diverse. At the popular level, Hindus worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. They visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers, and incense to their gods in hopes of gaining protection and benefits. They do not have a personal or familial relationship with their gods as Christians do. There are other Hindus who are much more philosophical, especially among the Brahmins.
Almost all Hindus participate in yearly celebrations like Holi, the festival of colors and the start of spring / Diwali, the festival of lights / Navratri, the celebration of autumn / and Rama Navami, Rama's birthday.
The patron deity of the Vaddar is Muneshwar, a family goddess. They also pay special reverence for Shiva, the destroyer god.

What Are Their Needs?

The Vaddar need new job skills and education to improve their place in Pakistani society. Many rural Vaddar lack access to modern medicine and clean water. Solar panels would provide electricity for cell phones and appliances. Most of all, the Vaddar need to hear and understand a presentation of the good news about Jesus Christ. He alone can forgive their sins and give them the hope for abundant life.

Prayer Points

Ask the Lord to send Holy Spirit anointed workers to the Vaddar of Pakistan.
Pray the literacy level of the Vaddar improves so they can read the Bible.
Pray that the elders and leaders of the Vaddar would be open to hearing the gospel.
Pray that Vaddar parents would be able to provide for their children.
Ask the Lord to raise up a disciple making movement among the Vaddar of Pakistan in this decade.

Scripture Prayers for the Vaddar (Hindu traditions) in Pakistan.


India Missions Association - Edited by Philipose Vaidyar, Copyrighted © Used with permission

Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Vaddar (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Vaddar (Hindu traditions)
Pronunciation wah-DAR
Alternate Names Beldar Rajput; Bhavi; Bhovi; Bhoya; Bovi; Boyar; Chettiar; Ganika; Girinivaddar; Kalkar; Kallu; Mannu; Nungar; Odayar; Odda Nayakkan; Oddar Naidu; Odde; Odder; Odhar; Tudug Vaddar; Tudugvaddar; Ud; Uppar; Vadar; Vadda; Vaddi; Vadi; Voddar; Wadar; Wadda; Waddar; Wadde; Warar; Woddar; Wodde; वादडर (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
Population this Country 33,000
Population all Countries 4,336,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
People ID 18288
ROP3 Code 113833
ROP25 Code 309142
ROP25 Name Vaddar
Country Pakistan
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 7  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 3
Largest States
Country Pakistan
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 7  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 3
  Sindh 32,000
  Balochistan 1,100
  Punjab 200
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
* From latest Pakistan census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Primary Language Sindhi (25,000 speakers)
Language Code snd   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 6
Secondary Languages
Punjabi, Western
Primary Language Sindhi (25,000 speakers)
Language Code snd   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 6
Secondary Languages
  Saraiki 3,400
  Oadki 2,500
  Dhatki 1,400
  Punjabi, Western 400
  Kacchi 80
People Groups Speaking Sindhi

Primary Language:  Sindhi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1825-1981)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1890-1992)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1954)
FCBH NT ( Online
YouVersion NT ( Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Audio Recordings Recorded oral Bible Oral Bibles
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Video / Animation Create International
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Sindhi Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Magdalena video Jesus Film Project
Film / Video The Hope Video Mars Hill Media
Film / Video World Christian Videos World Christian Videos
General Bible for Children Bible for Children
General Biblical answers to your questions Got Questions Ministry
General Faith Comes By Hearing - Bible in text or audio or video Faith Comes by Hearing
General Faith Comes By Hearing - Bible in text or audio or video Faith Comes by Hearing
General Gospel website in this language General / Other
General Scripture Earth Gospel resources links Scripture Earth
General YouVersion Bible versions in text and/or audio YouVersion Bibles
Mobile App Android Bible app: Sindhi YouVersion Bibles
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file Faith Comes by Hearing
Mobile App iOS Bible app: Sindhi YouVersion Bibles
Text / Printed Matter Literacy primer for Sindhi Literacy & Evangelism International
Text / Printed Matter Topical Scripture booklets and Bible studies World Missionary Press
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Joshua Project 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.

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