Turk in Turkmenistan

Largest Religion
Main Language
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Turks originated in Turan, a region that lies between the Caspian Sea and the Mongolian Desert. They arrived in Anatolia, Turkey (Asia Minor) in the 11th century as conquering warriors. By the year 1299, the Ottoman Dynasty began ruling over what would become a vast empire, greater in area than the Roman Empire. It was the last Caliphate, an Islamic political state. Today Muslim militants lament its downfall. The huge Ottoman Empire spread out eastward into what is now western China, including what is now Turkmenistan. This empire lasted until Turkey became a republic in 1923.

Many similar ethnic groups and languages have emerged from the days of the Ottoman Empire. Just as we now have various Latin-based languages in Europe after the demise of the Roman Empire, we have various languages that came out of the areas controlled by the Ottomans. Today, three of these languages are especially similar: Turkish, Azeri, and Turkmen.

Where Are they Located?

The Turkish community has made its mark in Turkmenistan through educational institutions in Ashgabad, Turkmenistan's capital city.

What Are Their Lives Like?

There are very few Turks in Turkmenistan, and these people are well-integrated with the Turkman majority. As mentioned earlier, even their language is very similar to that of the Turkmen majority.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Turks are almost all Sunni Muslims whether they live in Turkey or Turkmenistan. For different reasons, both Turks and Turkmen are secularized Muslims. They are much more concerned with the here and now than with spiritual matters. The government of Turkmenistan discourages people from being "religious" because they associate religion with terrorism and fanaticism.

What Are Their Needs?

Turks in Turkmenistan need to understand the value of having a relationship with Jesus Christ.

Prayer Points

* Pray that churches and mission organizations will accept the challenge of adopting and reaching the Turks in Turkmenistan.
* Ask God to give the Turkish believers boldness to share the gospel with their own people in the Turkish world.
* Pray that God will grant wisdom and favor to mission agencies focusing on the Turks.
* Ask the Lord to save key leaders among the Turks who will boldly declare the gospel.
* Pray that many Turks living abroad will be reached with the gospel and will take it back to Turkey.



Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Turk
People Name in Country Turk
Population in Turkmenistan 17,000
World Population 59,169,800
Total Countries 70
Indigenous No
Least-Reached Yes
Progress Scale 1
Alternate Names Anatolian, Baharlu Turk, Masakhastian, Meskhetian Turk, Osmanli, Ottomon Turk, Rumelian Turk, Urum, तुर्क
People ID 18274
ROP3 Code 113818
Country Turkmenistan
Region Central Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 19  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Country Turkmenistan
Region Central Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 19  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)

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Ethnologue Language Map
Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language: Turkish (17,000 speakers)   People group listing
Language Code: tur   Ethnologue Listing
Written: Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages: 1
Primary Language: Turkish (17,000 speakers)   People group listing
Language Code: tur   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Primary Language: Turkish

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1782-1985)
New Testament Yes   (1819-1993)
Complete Bible Yes   (1827-2006)
Audio Bible Online
Possible Print Bibles
Forum of Bible Agencies
Gospel Go
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Bir Ibadet Toplantisi (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Fathers Love Letter
Film / Video Followers of Isa (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Turkish
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video More Than Dreams-Ali (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Prophets Story (Indigitube.tv)
General Four Spiritual Laws
General GoodSeed
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Bible-in-Your-Language
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Turkish, Kutsal Kitap Yeni Ceviri
Primary Religion: Islam

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.20 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
97.00 %
2.80 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
5.0 %
56.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
10.0 %
Roman Catholic
29.0 %
Photo Source: Garry Knight   Creative Commons   Used with permission
Profile Source: Keith Carey  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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