Sindhi Sama in India

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Sindhi Sama is a small group of Muslims who live in west India. The vast majority of Muslim Sindhi moved to Pakistan during the Partition of 1947. Equal numbers of Hindi and Sikh Sindhi immigrated to India. The word Sindhi comes from the Persian word meaning those who inhabit the Indus Valley. All Sindhi were originally Hindu or Buddhist. In the early 8th century, many of these people converted to Islam with the coming of the Muslim armies. The Sindhi Sama claim to be descendants of the rulers of the Samma Dynasty. This royal family reigned over the Indus Valley and west India from the 14th to early 16th century.

Today the Sindhi are employed in many industries including entertainment, science and technology, journalism, politics, education and law.

The main languages of the Sindhi Sama in India are Kacchi and Sindhi.

Where Are they Located?

The Sindhi Sama live in the Indian States of Gujarat and Rajastan.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The Sindhi Sama live diverse lives. Some are educated and occupy places of leadership and prominence in society. Others live traditional lives of pastoralists taking care of their animals. Some are farmers who live in rural villages like their ancestors.

The Sindhi Sama marry only within their group. Some Sindhi choose their own spouses, while for others families arrange marriages. Muslim priests officiate at important family event like births, weddings and funerals. Sons inherit property from their fathers. The Sindhi bury their dead.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Most Sindhi Sama are Sunni Muslims. They have been strongly influenced by Sufism, the mystical branch of Islam. Islam is a major world religion that is based on five essential duties or "pillars": (1) A Muslim must affirm that "there is no god but Allah and Mohammed is his prophet." (2) Five times a day he must pray while facing Mecca. (3) He must give an obligatory percentage (very similar to tithes) on an annual basis. (4) He must fast during Ramadan, the ninth month of the Muslim year. (5) He must try to make at least one pilgrimage to Mecca in his lifetime. Muslims are also prohibited to drink alcohol, eat pork, gamble, steal, use deceit, slander, and make idols.

The two main holidays for Sunni Muslims are Eid al Fitr, the breaking of the monthly fast and Eid al Adha, the celebration of Abraham's willingness to sacrifice his son to Allah.

What Are Their Needs?

The Sindhi Sama need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand. Sindhi who live in a rural setting need help in educating their children and in learning new job skills.

Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Sindhi Sama in India.

* Pray for Sindhi families and communities to discover and embrace the free gift of life found by trusting Christ and his finished work.
* Pray for the Holy Spirit to work powerfully through those ministering to the Sindhi people.
* Ask God to deliver families and communities within the Sindi Sama people from fears that hinder them from embracing His blessings.


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-10-13
People Name General Sindhi Sama
People Name in Country Sindhi Sama
World Population 2,351,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Chuda Samma, Dungar Summa, Gha Samma, Saheb Samma, Samma, सिंधी समा
People ID 18164
ROP3 Code 113676
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 2
Largest States
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 2
  Gujarat 700
  Rajasthan 400
Website South Asia Peoples

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Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Kacchi (700 speakers)
Language Code kfr   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
Primary Language Kacchi (700 speakers)
Language Code kfr   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
  Sindhi 400
People Groups Speaking Kacchi

Primary Language:  Kacchi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (2013)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (2013)
Bible-Complete No
Possible Print Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Kacchi
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Photo Source Victor Sardar 
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.

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