Malakuravan in India

The Malakuravan have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

The Malakuravan are a group of Hindu peoples who live in India, Nepal and Bangladesh. They consider the founder of their caste Nishad, a boatman featured in the Ramayana. Their traditional occupation was that ferrying pilgrims across and along the holy river Ganges. The Mallah have pride in their service and deem it to be a holy calling.

The majority of the Malakuravan today live near the rivers of India where they fish, farm and ferry people across the waterways if no bridge is present. The Mallah fall into the fourth level caste of Hinduism, the Sudras, who gain their living through manual labor.

The Indian government considers the Malakuravan to be a backward caste because of the high amount of illiteracy among them. Children often must drop out of school and work at an early age due to the poverty of their parents.

The primary language of the Malakuravan is Hindi. They also speak many other languages depending upon where they live in India.


Where Are they Located?

The majority of Malakuravan live in north and northeast India in the states of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Malakuravan people are mostly a poor, illiterate people. They are involved in boating, fishing and sometimes in farming. They are strict about marrying within their own caste.

Sons inherit their father’s property. The women are not often seen in public, although at times in Hindu pilgrimage areas such as Allahabad or Varanasi, you will see children and women of this caste selling flowers and incense for river worship purposes. They are considered a backward caste and have low status in the Hindu world.

The Malakuravan are not vegetarians but will not eat beef. Their main foods are rice, fish, grains, vegetables and fruit. Meat is often reserved for special occasions like Hindu holidays and festivals.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Malakuravan people are Hindus. Hinduism is the ancient religion of India. They often have a pragmatic approach to spiritual matters. They will worship or placate any god whom the believe will provide them with protection and economic favor.

The Malakuravan worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. They visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers and incense to their gods. There are many forms of Hinduism, each with its own deities and beliefs.

The main yearly holidays of the Malakuravan people are Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights, Navratri, the celebration of autumn and Rama Navami, Rama’s birthday.


What Are Their Needs?

The Malakuravan need help in educating their children. They also need help in learning new job skills so that they can participate in India’s modern economy. Most of all, they need to hear and understand the life-changing message of Jesus Christ. He alone can forgive their sins and bring them a new abundant life.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Malakuravan in India.

* Pray for workers to go to the Malakuravan people, and for their hearts to be ready to receive their Savior.
* Pray for networks of believing Malakuravan families and fellowships that will throw the doors open for others to follow Jesus.
* Pray for the Lord to bless the families among the Malakuravan people with His presence and mercy.


References

https://peoplegroupsindia.com/profiles/mallah/
https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/17432/IN
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mallaah
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G5cd95W_X8M


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Malakuravan
People Name in Country Malakuravan
Population this Country 1,200
Population all Countries 1,200
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Malai Kuravan; Malai Kuravar; Malakkuravan; माला कुरवाँ
People ID 17429
ROP3 Code 112832
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 3
Largest States
Tamil Nadu
900
Kerala
200
Puducherry
100
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 3
  Tamil Nadu 900
  Kerala 200
  Puducherry 100
Website South Asia Peoples

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Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Tamil (900 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 3
Secondary Languages
Malayalam
300
Tulu
Primary Language Tamil (900 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 3
Secondary Languages
  Malayalam 300
  Tulu 10
People Groups Speaking Tamil

Primary Language:  Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1714-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1715-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1727-2016)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Finding Peace
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
General Bible Visuals
General Comprehensive list of Tamil Resources
General God's Simple Plan
General Gospel website in this language
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
100.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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