Monpa Kalaktang in Bhutan


Population
1,100
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Kalaktang Monpa are believed to be the original inhabitants of the Kalaktang circle, from which they take their name. In the past, the Kalaktang Monpa did not possess a script, so their history was handed down in oral stories. Elderly Kalaktang Monpa men recall that their ancestors migrated to their present location from the Bumthang and Thalong areas in eastern Bhutan.


Where Are they Located?

Though most live in India's northeastern state of Arunachal Pradesh, some have spilled over into neighboring Bhutan.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Kalaktang Monpa have a rich culture. They are skilled in dyeing, weaving, papermaking, carpentry, cane and bamboo work. They perform some very popular forms of a mask dance. Another source says, "they have many pantomime dances which are generally performed during the annual festivals, both in the monasteries and in the villages. The Ajilamu and yak dances are very popular." All Kalaktang Monpa were traditionally employed in farming or trading.


What Are Their Beliefs?

All Kalaktang Monpa are thought to believe in Tibetan Buddhism. Their sacred place is called goompha which is adorned with the images of Lord Buddha and the Bodhisattvas (incarnations of Lord Buddha). The lama is their priest and his services are required to perform the birth, marriage and death rituals. Simultaneously they practice pre-Buddhistic animism or shamanism. They believe their animistic priest called phrame cures diseases and removes evil spirits.

They share a common goompha (religious shrine) with other Buddhist communities. Some of the Kalaktang Monpa send their children to the goomphas in the different parts of the country to acquire training in Lamaism. They have also established matrimonial and religious links with the other Monpas, Sherdukpens, Tibetans, Khambas and Membas


What Are Their Needs?

The Kalaktang Monpa people need the opportunity to hear of the transforming grace of Jesus Christ, and be discipled in his ways.


Prayer Points

* Pray these people will have their hearts ready to receive the good news. Ask God to send the appropriate workers to share with them the salvation and hope that Jesus brings.
* Pray for the Holy Spirit to bring about a powerful disciple making movement among the Kalaktang Monpa people, both in India and Bhutan.


References

https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/17207/IN
https://books.google.com/books?id=OzEOKNPsv2EC&pg=PA189&lpg=PA189&dq=Kalaktang+Monpa&source=bl&ots=u-d0mgvPEw&sig=ZfOQkoEP4ofe7ADeBen1wVduJfc&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiV6p2szaLWAhUGzGMKHWj5Cc4Q6AEIVTAJ#v=onepage&q=Kalaktang%20Monpa&f=false
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monpa_people
https://www.mapsofindia.com/india-tour/arunachal-pradesh/the-monpas-torn-between-three-countries/
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=feOhAMCPoWY
http://www.globalprayerdigest.org/index.php/issue/day/2010/08/28


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  
Expanded PDF Profile

People Name General Monpa Kalaktang
People Name in Country Monpa Kalaktang
Population in Bhutan 1,100
World Population 2,500
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Progress Scale 1
Alternate Names Kalaktan, Kalaktang, Moinba, Monba, Tsangla, Tsangla Monpa, मोनपा, कलकतंग
People ID 17207
ROP3 Code 112573
Country Bhutan
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 30  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country Bhutan
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 30  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 1
  Eastern (1,100)
Website South Asia Peoples

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Primary Language Tshangla (1,100 speakers)
Language Code tsj   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Tshangla
Primary Language Tshangla (1,100 speakers)
Language Code tsj   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Tshangla

Primary Language:  Tshangla

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes   (2000)
Bible-New Testament No
Bible-Complete No
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Tshangla
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tshangla
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Primary Religion: Buddhism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
100.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2018  Peoples of the Buddhist World, Paul Hattaway  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From Bhutan census data.  Current values may differ.


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