Jatapu in India

The Jatapu have only been reported in India
Population
150,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Jatapu are located in the hills of central India. They are mainly concentrated in the Srikakulam and Visadhapatnam districts of Andhra Pradesh, although there are some communities in the states of Tamil Nadu and Orissa. The Jatapu have no deep history or heritage. Many have even forgotten their original language, Jatapu, which belongs to the Kui-Kuvi branch of Central Dravidian languages. Most of the Jatapu speakers have adopted Telugu as their mother tongue.

As a people, the Jatapu are developing both materially and politically. They own fertile lands and rich forests, and possess more wealth in cash, jewelry, and property than their neighbors. In addition, they hold most of the local government positions. They are now aspiring to higher district and legislative positions. In general, the Jatapu have a friendly, considerate spirit that prevails at all times. They are exceptionally clean, and most Jatapu men are loving fathers.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Jatapu predominantly work as farmers and forest laborers. Rice is their staple crop, and grains, peas, beans, chilies, and tobacco leaves are also grown. In addition, they collect and sell minor forest produce. A few Jatapu sell pottery, baskets, or bangles, but very few work as craftsmen. They generally do not spin, weave, make pottery, or work as carpenters until they come in greater contact with the plains peoples.

A typical Jatapu village consists of mud houses lined in rows. The homes are joined to each other with common outer walls and a long thatched roof. There are usually four separate rooms in each house to provide privacy. The homes have very few possessions, mainly earthen pots, baskets for grains, and mats for sitting. There is no bedding material; they stay warm in the winter by burning fires. The village street serves as a courtyard and playground. Cattle are either kept in sheds or tied to posts in the middle of the streets to avoid cattle theft. The streets are kept extremely tidy at all times.

Among the Jatapu, lineage is patrilineal (traced through the males) and leadership always rests with the men. However, the women enjoy equal status with men and share in family decisions. Boys begin working in the fields and forests at the age of five. Women rear the children, draw water, cook, clean, and keep the house. They take special care of their hair and also use artificial hair pieces that are sold in the markets. Shining black tassels are gathered into a hair bun. They also enjoy wearing necklaces, bangle bracelets, several nose rings, and many earrings.

Among the Jatapu, there are three types of marriages: by consent, by elopement, and by bride-service (the groom works for the bride's parents). The Jatapu only marry within their own tribe, but never within the same clan (extended family). They prefer to live as nuclear families (husband, wife, and their children); however, some live as extended families.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Jatapu are virtually all Hindus, worshiping millions of gods and goddesses. The only native god of the Jatapu is Jakeramma, who has one shrine in each village. In general, there are no sayings, folk beliefs, or taboos among the Jatapu. There are no idols and sacred places of worship in their homes; neither are there temples in or around the villages. They offer buffalo in animal sacrifices, but do not eat its meat. They have hardly any myths about jungle gods, spirits, or ghosts. This is perhaps because they have been stripped of their beautiful forests through "slash and burn" agriculture and commercial exploitation of trees.


What Are Their Needs?

A majority of these precious people have not yet heard a clear presentation of the Gospel. Their focus on the family and fatherly love has already prepared their hearts to understand the Father's love for them. They simply need to hear the Truth. Compassionate Christians are needed to minister Life and love to the Jatapu.


Prayer Points

* Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to go to India and share Christ with the Jatapu.
* Pray for God to grant His wisdom and favor to missions agencies focusing on the Jatapu.
* Ask God to use the small number of Jatapu believers to share the love of Jesus with their friends and families.
* Ask the Lord to raise up teams of intercessors who will faithfully stand in the gap for the Jatapu.
* Pray for God to save key Jatapu leaders who will boldly proclaim the Gospel of Jesus Christ.


Profile Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-08-23
People Name General Jatapu
People Name in Country Jatapu
Population in India 150,000
World Population 150,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 2
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Chatriya, Jadapu, Jatapu Dora, Jtapu Dora, Khond, Kui Dora, Kuvinga, Pandara Kula, Samanthula, जातापू
People ID 16997
ROP3 Code 112311
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 7
Largest States
Andhra Pradesh
(149,000)
Odisha
(500)
Jharkhand
(200)
Tamil Nadu
(100)
Telangana
(100)
Delhi
(90)
Assam
(30)
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 7
  Andhra Pradesh (149,000)
  Odisha (500)
  Jharkhand (200)
  Tamil Nadu (100)
  Telangana (100)
  Delhi (90)
  Assam (30)
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Telugu (107,000 speakers)
Language Code tel   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 25
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Kuvi
(39,000)
Koya
(1,400)
Odia
(1,300)
Sora
(300)
Gadaba, Mudhili
(90)
English
(80)
Hindi
(60)
Kui
(30)
Pengo
(30)
Malayalam Gondi, Northern Urdu
Ho Munda Bengali
People Groups Speaking Telugu
Primary Language Telugu (107,000 speakers)
Language Code tel   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 25
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Kuvi (39,000)
  Koya (1,400)
  Odia (1,300)
  Sora (300)
  Gadaba, Mudhili (90)
  English (80)
  Hindi (60)
  Kui (30)
  Pengo (30)
  Malayalam (10)
  Gondi, Northern (0)
  Urdu (0)
  Ho (0)
  Munda (0)
  Bengali (0)
People Groups Speaking Telugu

Primary Language:  Telugu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes   (1812-1966)
Bible-New Testament Yes   (1818-1989)
Bible-Complete Yes   (1854-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Fathers Love Letter
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Telugu
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Telugu
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
Film / Video The Pearl of Great Price (Indigitube.tv)
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.55 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
97.23 %
Islam
0.03 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
2.19 %
Map Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Profile Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Religion Values * From India census data.  Current values may differ.


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