Hmar in India

The Hmar have only been reported in India
Population
92,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The sturdy, dark-haired, brown eyed people of Hmar are known for their bravery and live in the northeastern states of Manipur, Assam, Mizoram, Megalaya and Tripura. The beauty of the landscape of this region is supplemented by the pleasant climate that is the result of dense forests and rugged mountains. The word "Hmar" literally means "north". Hmar folk songs reveal that these people migrated from Sinlung, which is assumed to be in China. The Hmar were nomadic in nature and due to ecological factors such as famine, the whole Hmar community was compelled to move, eventually reaching north east India. These people are distinctive in their traditional bright clothes.
The community has close traditional and socio-economic interaction with outsiders and in some places they are engaged in territorial wars with other tribes. The Hmar live in large areas which are difficult to access by road. Even in this difficult terrain, a Welsh missionary brought the gospel message in 1910. Currently there are numerous churches in each of the Hmar villages. Christianity has influenced the Hmar in quite a number of ways, including their culture and education system. The habit of drinking is also fast disappearing because of their change in faith. Their language, which had never been written down, was written in Roman script by missionaries, and the New Testament was published 1941. The Jesus film dubbed in their language will soon be available for the Hmar.
In earlier days, each Hmar clan had a dialect of its own but because of the effort of Christian missionaries they have developed a common language. Hmar society has witnessed other changes with regard to their social institutions, economic activities, political structure, leadership, religious beliefs and rituals. The efforts of government and voluntary agencies have brought about these changes. However, there is a need for the Hmar to capture the vision of Christ's Great Commission and reach out to their neighbors.


Profile Source:   Anonymous  
Expanded PDF Profile

People Name General Hmar
People Name in Country Hmar
Population in India 92,000
World Population 92,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Unreached No
Progress Scale 3
GSEC 6  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Kuki, ह्मार
People ID 16937
ROP3 Code 112239
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 6
Largest States
Manipur
(53,000)
Mizoram
(21,000)
Assam
(17,000)
Meghalaya
(1,600)
Arunachal Pradesh
(100)
Maharashtra
(10)
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 6
  Manipur (53,000)
  Mizoram (21,000)
  Assam (17,000)
  Meghalaya (1,600)
  Arunachal Pradesh (100)
  Maharashtra (10)
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Hmar (86,000 speakers)
Language Code hmr   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 49
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Mizo
(3,200)
Chin, Paite
(1,200)
English
(900)
Chin, Thado
(600)
Khasi
(400)
Hindi
(300)
Naga, Lotha
(200)
Dimasa
(200)
Ho
(200)
Gangte
(100)
Bengali
(100)
Naga, Inpui: Naga, Kabui
(60)
Naga, Tangkhul
(50)
Anal
(50)
Garo
(50)
People Groups Speaking Hmar
Primary Language Hmar (86,000 speakers)
Language Code hmr   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 49
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Mizo (3,200)
  Chin, Paite (1,200)
  English (900)
  Chin, Thado (600)
  Khasi (400)
  Hindi (300)
  Naga, Lotha (200)
  Dimasa (200)
  Ho (200)
  Gangte (100)
  Bengali (100)
  Naga, Inpui: Naga, Kabui (60)
  Naga, Tangkhul (50)
  Anal (50)
  Garo (50)
People Groups Speaking Hmar

Primary Language:  Hmar

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes   (1920-1953)
Bible-New Testament Yes   (1946-1977)
Bible-Complete Yes   (1968-2004)
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Christianity
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.12 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
98.94 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.31 %
Islam
0.48 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.02 %
Unknown
0.12 %
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Religion Values * From India census data.  Current values may differ.


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