Hmar in India

The Hmar have only been reported in India
Population
89,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The sturdy, dark-haired, brown eyed people of Hmar are known for their bravery and live in the northeastern states of Manipur, Assam, Mizoram, Megalaya and Tripura. The beauty of the landscape of this region is supplemented by the pleasant climate that is the result of dense forests and rugged mountains. The word "Hmar" literally means "north". Hmar folk songs reveal that these people migrated from Sinlung, which is assumed to be in China. The Hmar were nomadic in nature and due to ecological factors such as famine, the whole Hmar community was compelled to move, eventually reaching north east India. These people are distinctive in their traditional bright clothes.

The community has close traditional and socio-economic interaction with outsiders and in some places they are engaged in territorial wars with other tribes. The Hmar live in large areas which are difficult to access by road. Even in this difficult terrain, a Welsh missionary brought the gospel message in 1910. Currently there are numerous churches in each of the Hmar villages. Christianity has influenced the Hmar in quite a number of ways, including their culture and education system. The habit of drinking is also fast disappearing because of their change in faith. Their language, which had never been written down, was written in Roman script by missionaries, and the New Testament was published 1941. The Jesus film dubbed in their language will soon be available for the Hmar.

In earlier days, each Hmar clan had a dialect of its own but because of the effort of Christian missionaries they have developed a common language. Hmar society has witnessed other changes with regard to their social institutions, economic activities, political structure, leadership, religious beliefs and rituals. The efforts of government and voluntary agencies have brought about these changes. However, there is a need for the Hmar to capture the vision of Christ's Great Commission and reach out to their neighbors.


Profile Source:   Anonymous  
Expanded PDF Profile

People Name General Hmar
People Name in Country Hmar
Population in India 89,000
World Population 89,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Unreached No
Progress Scale 3
GSEC 6  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Kuki, ह्मार
People ID 16937
ROP3 Code 112239
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 6
Largest States
Manipur
40,000
Mizoram
30,000
Assam
17,000
Meghalaya
1,700
Arunachal Pradesh
200
Maharashtra
10
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 6
  Manipur 40,000
  Mizoram 30,000
  Assam 17,000
  Meghalaya 1,700
  Arunachal Pradesh 200
  Maharashtra 10
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Hmar (89,000 speakers)
Language Code hmr   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 31
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Mizo
3,900
Chin, Paite
1,600
English
900
Chin, Thado
500
Khasi
400
Naga, Lotha
400
Hindi
300
Dimasa
200
Ho
200
Gangte
100
Bengali
100
Chin, Mara: Lakher
70
Garo
60
Naga, Inpui: Naga, Kabui
50
Naga, Tangkhul
50
Other People Groups Speaking Hmar
Primary Language Hmar (89,000 speakers)
Language Code hmr   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 31
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Mizo 3,900
  Chin, Paite 1,600
  English 900
  Chin, Thado 500
  Khasi 400
  Naga, Lotha 400
  Hindi 300
  Dimasa 200
  Ho 200
  Gangte 100
  Bengali 100
  Chin, Mara: Lakher 70
  Garo 60
  Naga, Inpui: Naga, Kabui 50
  Naga, Tangkhul 50
People Groups Speaking Hmar

Primary Language:  Hmar

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1920-1953)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1946-1977)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1968-2004)
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Hmar
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Christianity
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.12 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
98.94 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.31 %
Islam
0.48 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.02 %
Unknown
0.12 %
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.




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