Chanal in India

Joshua Project has identified the Chanal only in India
Population
28,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The 26,000 Chanal people are scattered throughout India's northern, mountainous state of Himachal Pradesh. They are almost all rural dwellers who farm for a living. Under the nautor scheme, landless peoples like the Chanals were given land to farm, but the yield was so poor in this mountainous region that it wasn't sufficient for their needs. So they have to make ends meet by working for others or doing petty business. Many of their children have to work. Traditionally they were sharecroppers and agricultural laborers for the powerful Rajputs. They had a patron-client relationship with them then, and they still do today.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Chanal people have benefitted from development projects in the last couple of decades. Projects have brought them electricity, drinking water, roads, post offices, banks, health care facilities and schools. Unfortunately, these Dalits still suffer from a low literacy rate, and many are not aware of health care methods.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Most of the Chanal people are Hindu. Operation World tells us that there are only about one in 1,000 who follow Christ in Himachal Pradesh. The mountainous terrain makes it especially difficult for them to hear new ideas from outside. The Chanal people also speak their own dialect, which isolates them even further. They are among the most difficult people group to reach with the gospel.


Prayer Points

* Pray that the Lord will somehow send His gospel message to the Chanal people in Himachal Pradesh.


Profile Source:   Global Prayer Digest 

People Name General Chanal
People Name in Country Chanal
Population in India 28,000
World Population 28,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1 to 2
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 4  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Chunal, Hali, चानाल
People ID 16606
ROP3 Code 111812
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 5
Largest States
Himachal Pradesh
(26,000)
Punjab
(1,100)
Haryana
(300)
Uttar Pradesh
(60)
Chandigarh
(60)
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 5
  Himachal Pradesh (26,000)
  Punjab (1,100)
  Haryana (300)
  Uttar Pradesh (60)
  Chandigarh (60)
Website South Asia Peoples

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Ethnologue Language Map
Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Mandeali (5,000 speakers)
Language Code mjl   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 12
Secondary Languages
Kangri
(4,600)
Punjabi, Eastern
(4,300)
Hindi
(3,700)
Pahari, Kullu
(2,100)
Pahari, Mahasu
(2,100)
Chambeali
(1,900)
Bhattiyali
(1,400)
Sirmauri
(500)
Churahi
(200)
Bilaspuri
(200)
Kinnauri
People Groups Speaking Mandeali
Primary Language Mandeali (5,000 speakers)
Language Code mjl   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 12
Secondary Languages
  Kangri (4,600)
  Punjabi, Eastern (4,300)
  Hindi (3,700)
  Pahari, Kullu (2,100)
  Pahari, Mahasu (2,100)
  Chambeali (1,900)
  Bhattiyali (1,400)
  Sirmauri (500)
  Churahi (200)
  Bilaspuri (200)
  Kinnauri (10)
People Groups Speaking Mandeali

Primary Language:  Mandeali

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes   (1970)
Bible-New Testament No
Bible-Complete No
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum of Bible Agencies
Gospel Go
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Mandeali
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
1.09 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
98.10 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
Unknown
Other / Small
0.81 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Profile Source Global Prayer Digest 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Religion Values * From India census data.  Current values may differ.


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