Chanal in India

The Chanal have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The 26,000 Chanal people are scattered throughout India's northern, mountainous state of Himachal Pradesh. They are almost all rural dwellers who farm for a living. Under the nautor scheme, landless peoples like the Chanals were given land to farm, but the yield was so poor in this mountainous region that it wasn't sufficient for their needs. So they have to make ends meet by working for others or doing petty business. Many of their children have to work. Traditionally they were sharecroppers and agricultural laborers for the powerful Rajputs. They had a patron-client relationship with them then, and they still do today.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Chanal people have benefitted from development projects in the last couple of decades. Projects have brought them electricity, drinking water, roads, post offices, banks, health care facilities and schools. Unfortunately, these Dalits still suffer from a low literacy rate, and many are not aware of health care methods.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Most of the Chanal people are Hindu. Operation World tells us that there are only about one in 1,000 who follow Christ in Himachal Pradesh. The mountainous terrain makes it especially difficult for them to hear new ideas from outside. The Chanal people also speak their own dialect, which isolates them even further. They are among the most difficult people group to reach with the gospel.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Chanal in India.

* Pray that the Lord will somehow send His gospel message to the Chanal people in Himachal Pradesh.


Profile Source:   Global Prayer Digest 

People Name General Chanal
People Name in Country Chanal
World Population 26,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 4  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Chunal, Hali, चानाल
People ID 16606
ROP3 Code 111812
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 5
Largest States
Himachal Pradesh
25,000
Punjab
1,400
Haryana
200
Uttar Pradesh
60
Chandigarh
60
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 5
  Himachal Pradesh 25,000
  Punjab 1,400
  Haryana 200
  Uttar Pradesh 60
  Chandigarh 60
Website South Asia Peoples

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Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Hindi (9,300 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 12
Secondary Languages
Mandeali
4,500
Punjabi, Eastern
2,600
Chambeali
2,100
Kangri
2,000
Pahari, Mahasu
2,000
Pahari, Kullu
1,500
Bhattiyali
1,400
Sirmauri
900
Churahi
200
Bilaspuri
200
Kinnauri
80
Primary Language Hindi (9,300 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 12
Secondary Languages
  Mandeali 4,500
  Punjabi, Eastern 2,600
  Chambeali 2,100
  Kangri 2,000
  Pahari, Mahasu 2,000
  Pahari, Kullu 1,500
  Bhattiyali 1,400
  Sirmauri 900
  Churahi 200
  Bilaspuri 200
  Kinnauri 80
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1818-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (EngSub)
Film / Video Coconuts
Film / Video Creation to Christ
Film / Video Father's Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
1.17 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
97.84 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.99 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Profile Source Global Prayer Digest 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.