Chhipa (Hindu traditions) in Pakistan

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge
* Data can be from various sources including official census, agencies, and local research. Data from these sources can sometimes differ even by orders of magnitude. Joshua Project attempts to present a conservative, balanced estimate.

Introduction / History

The word "Chhipa" comes from the Gujarati word "Chhapa" which means to print. Traditionally, the Chhipa people have worked in the textile and clothing industries. During the Partition of India in 1947, many Hindus left Pakistan and moved to India. At the same time, many Muslims left India to live in Pakistan.
Chhipa people lived first in Nagaur in Rajasthan, India. Today the large majority of Chhipa live in the northern and western states of India. A tiny population resides in southern Pakistan.
The two primary languages of the Chhipa in Pakistan are Sindhi and Dhakti. Chhipa also speak Urdu, the national language of Pakistan. Educated Chhipa speak English. Many Bible resources exist in Urdu and Sindhi.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The Chhipa are known to dye and print of fabrics in red, blue and black patterns. Some Chhipa own the textile factories while other work in them as managers and laborers. Some Chhipa sell and trade the textiles and clothing they make. Some Chhipa work outside the clothing industry in retail, construction, education, and manufacturing.
The Chhipa community is divided into a number of clans, known as ataks, the main ones being the Rao, Tak, Bhati, Doera, Chauhan, Molani and Sonava. The clans intermarry, but the Chhipa favor marriage to cousins to keep the wealth inside the family.
The Hindu Chhipa of Pakistan are monogamous, that is they marry one spouse. Families and young people arrange marriages. Sons inherit property and take care of elderly parents and grandparents. Three or more generations often live under one roof. Parents encourage their children to attend and graduate from universities. Some children quit school early to help their parents make a living.

What Are Their Beliefs?

A Chhipa can be a Sikh, Hindu or a Muslim. This profile is focusing on the Hindu Chhipa. Hinduism is a catch-all phrase for the local religions of South Asia, so it is very diverse. At the popular level, Hindus worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. They visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers, and incense to their gods in hopes of gaining protection and benefits. They do not have a personal or familial relationship with their gods as Christians do. There are other Hindus who are much more philosophical, especially among the Brahmins.
Almost all Hindus participate in yearly celebrations like Holi, the festival of colors and the start of spring / Diwali, the festival of lights / Navratri, the celebration of autumn / and Rama Navami, Rama's birthday.

What Are Their Needs?

One can only imagine the spiritual confusion involved with three major religions within one unreached people group. All Chhipa need open hearts to God and listen to his answers to their spiritual problems. Christ alone can forgive their sins and grant them eternal life.

Prayer Points

Pray that Chhipa people in Pakistan will be liberated by God's Holy Spirit from the many religious ties that bind them.
Ask the Lord to send loving workers to the Chhipa.
Pray for the Lord to multiply the reception and influence of his word among the Chhipas, leading them to love him with their whole being.
Pray for the Holy Spirit to anoint Chhipa families, especially the children and youth, and to raise up a new generation of fruitful, multiplying witnesses of Christ's mercy and love.

Scripture Prayers for the Chhipa (Hindu traditions) in Pakistan.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Chhipa (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Chhipa (Hindu traditions)
Alternate Names Bhavasar; Bhavsar; Bhawara; Chhapa; Chhapola; Chhapygar; Chhimbi; Chhimkar; Chhimpa; Chhipi; Chhipigar; Chipa; Chipi; Chippa; Chippi; Dabej; Jain Bhavsar; Nilgar; Nilkar; Nirali; Rangari; Rohilla; Tank Kshatriya; च्चिपा (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
Population this Country 1,500
Population all Countries 540,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
People ID 16590
ROP3 Code 111787
ROP25 Code 301804
ROP25 Name Chippa / Chippi
Country Pakistan
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 7  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Country Pakistan
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 7  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 1
  Sindh 1,500
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
* From latest Pakistan census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Primary Language Sindhi (900 speakers)
Language Code snd   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
Primary Language Sindhi (900 speakers)
Language Code snd   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
  Dhatki 600
People Groups Speaking Sindhi

Primary Language:  Sindhi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1825-1981)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1890-1992)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1954)
FCBH NT ( Online
YouVersion NT ( Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Audio Recordings Recorded oral Bible Oral Bibles
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Video / Animation Create International
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Sindhi Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Magdalena video Jesus Film Project
Film / Video The Hope Video Mars Hill Media
Film / Video World Christian Videos World Christian Videos
General Bible for Children Bible for Children
General Biblical answers to your questions Got Questions Ministry
General Faith Comes By Hearing - Bible in text or audio or video Faith Comes by Hearing
General Faith Comes By Hearing - Bible in text or audio or video Faith Comes by Hearing
General Gospel website in this language General / Other
General Scripture Earth Gospel resources links Scripture Earth
General YouVersion Bible versions in text and/or audio YouVersion Bibles
Mobile App Android Bible app: Sindhi YouVersion Bibles
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file Faith Comes by Hearing
Mobile App iOS Bible app: Sindhi YouVersion Bibles
Text / Printed Matter Literacy primer for Sindhi Literacy & Evangelism International
Text / Printed Matter Topical Scripture booklets and Bible studies World Missionary Press
Photo Source (Representative photo)
Copyrighted © 2024  Isudas  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Joshua Project 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.

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