Baghban (Muslim traditions) in Nepal

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Between the 16th and 18th centuries the Baghban people migrated from western India to Uttar Pradesh. A smaller number moved further norther into what is now Nepal. The Baghban's name derives from their occupation. It means "gardener."

Where Are they Located?

The Muslim Baghban people are spread far and wide. As a result, they speak at least eight languages. You can find them in both the rural and urban parts of India and Pakistan, and a smaller number in Nepal.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Most of the Baghban people are agriculturalists who raise vegetables on small plots. However, others engage in wholesale and retail sales of fruits. They have a Facebook site of some 2,000 members. Although they speak Awalhi, they use Urdu as a trade language. Many in Nepal, no doubt, speak Nepali.

They only marry within their own community, which indicates that anyone who wanted to plant churches among them would probably not be able to include them with other Muslim Background Believers (MBB). Parents decide whom their children will marry. Often they marry a cousin. A man can have more than one wife, but this is rare.

What Are Their Beliefs?

In Nepal the Baghban people are solidly Sunni Muslim. They believe the words of their prophet, Mohammed, as spelled out in the Koran. Allah is the god of creation, and a good Muslim should be fully committed to Allah. Though orthodox Islam frowns on such practices, the Baghbans visit the tombs of their saints in the hope that these saints will intercede for them before Allah, the god of Islam. Some of them join Hindus in their festival of Holi. We know of no followers of Christ among them.

What Are Their Needs?

The Baghban community needs to hear about what Jesus can do for them as individuals, as families, and as communities. There are evangelistic materials available to them.

Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Baghban (Muslim traditions) in Nepal.

* Pray that God will open Baghban hearts to the gospel and will raise up people of peace to tell them of Jesus.
* Pray that God will reveal himself in dreams and visions and send believers who can explain those dreams and visions to them.
* Pray that many will be drawn to read or listen to gospel resources.
* Pray that churches will adopt this people group and support those seeking to win them to become part of God's family.
* Pray for a disciple-making movement among the Baghban people in Nepal, Pakistan, and India.


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Baghban (Muslim traditions)
People Name in Country Baghban (Muslim traditions)
World Population 251,000
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Bagban; Bagvan; बघहबान (मुस्लिम ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 16284
ROP3 Code 111409
Country Nepal
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 32  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country Nepal
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 32  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 1
  Bheri 900
Website South Asia Peoples

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Ethnologue Language Map
Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Urdu (900 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Urdu (900 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Urdu

Primary Language:  Urdu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1747-1894)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1758-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1843-2016)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Easy to Read (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Pakistan Bible Society (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Audio Recordings Urdu Online Audio Bible
Film / Video God's Love Story
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Urdu
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
Film / Video The Savior 6 - The Lord's Prayer
Film / Video The Savior 8 - Jesus is Risen
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Photo Source Anonymous 
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest Nepal census data.  Current values may differ.