Pulaar Fulani in Guinea


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Pulaar (or Tukulor) are thought to have descended from the Fulani and the Wolof or Serere tribes. The name "Tukulor" is derived from the word Takrur. This term was used by Arab geographers to describe an eleventh century realm near the middle Senegal River Valley. Today, the Tukulor are known by a number of names, including Pulaar and Haal. They have retained their respective languages, and many are also bilingual in Arabic. While the majority of Pulaar Fulani live in Senegal, another significant group lives in Guinea, where they comprise a very small percentage of the population. There are also small numbers of Pulaar Fulani in Mali and Mauritania.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Most Pulaar live a rural life. They raise livestock, farm, and fish. They live in small villages in round huts made of clay or rough bricks, with straw roofs. Their dietary staples include rice, millet, sorghum, fish, nuts, and fruit. A steadily rising population and an unequal distribution of land have resulted in the emigration of large numbers of Pulaar (particularly youth) to the cities in search of better job opportunities. Traditional Pulaar society is divided into four main social classes, each having twelve "castes. " Their social life is a mixture of local customs and Islamic traditions. Neither Islam, the effects of colonization, nor the goals of various national leaders have been able to erase the old social divisions. The torobe are the aristocratic class. Villages are governed by a group of elders from this caste. The middle class, or rimbe, is made up of fishermen, farmers, tradesmen, and administrators. The middle class includes the craftsmen, and the lower class includes the freed slaves and the slaves. Social status rarely changes. The Pulaar marry within their class divisions, women usually between the ages of 16 and 18, and men between the ages of 25 and 30. Although it is uncommon, a man may have up to four wives. Families are generally large, with an average of six children per family. Pulaar women often wear large embedded pieces of wood in the soft lobes of their ears and have two small facial slits near the outside corners of both eyes. Although female genital mutilation is becoming increasingly illegal, over half of Pulaar girls from the ages of three to nine undergo ritual genital circumcision in order to be considered "clean" and worthy of marriage.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Pulaar Fulani first accepted Islam in the eleventh century. Traditional Muslim beliefs such as the nature of man and his destiny after death play a significant role in the people's outlook on life. Muslim brotherhoods teach a mystical approach to Islam: the people seek closer relationships to God through rituals, prayer, and other techniques. Islam has not brought any major changes to Pulaar attitudes toward spiritism and magic. The people use charms, amulets and witchcraft. The Pulaar attribute supernatural powers to various Muslim clerics who practice divination, the use of supernatural powers.


What Are Their Needs?

Islam has enormous penetration into every aspect of Pulaar life. A somewhat isolated people with minimal exposure to other religious ideas, the Pulaar view the world and gain their personal identities from their rigid beliefs in the Islamic family and community. They are extremely reluctant to leave the world they know. Decreasing income from the sale of agricultural products, encroachment by the Sahara Desert on farmland, deforestation, and increasing population are resulting in extreme financial concerns for the Pulaar Fulani. Nearly all village water sources are polluted. Malaria and infectious diseases inflict a heavy toll each year. Although there is some literacy among the aristocracy, most of the Pulaar are illiterate.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Fulani, Pulaar in Guinea.

Pray for the Lord to provide for the Pulaar Fulani so well that they acknowledge his goodness and power. Pray for the Lord to intervene among the Pulaar Fulani in Guinea and Mali in such a way that they will become open to accepting the lordship of Christ. Pray for workers to go to the Maasina Fulani. Pray for a Disciple Making Movement among the Maasina that will spread to other Fulani groups.


Profile Source:   JoshuaProject  

The Waiting World - The Fulani
Source:  The Waiting World      Download

Additional Info
Fulani profile for Children and Family Missions Activities
Link Up Africa
People Name General Fulani, Pulaar
People Name in Country Fulani, Pulaar
Natural Name Pulaar Fulani
Pronunciation poo-LAR foo-LAH-nee
Population this Country 12,000
Population all Countries 1,652,000
Total Countries 5
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Futankoobe; Haal Pulaaren; Pulaar; Takarir; Tooroobe; Toucouleur; Tukulor
People ID 15622
ROP3 Code 110257
Country Guinea
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Boké region: Koundara prefecture, north of Tamine river. Extreme northwest corner.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Guinea
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Boké region: Koundara prefecture, north of Tamine river. Extreme northwest corner..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Primary Language Pulaar (12,000 speakers)
Language Code fuc   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Toucouleur
Dialect Code 1877   Global Recordings Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Pulaar (12,000 speakers)
Language Code fuc   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Toucouleur
Dialect Code 1877   Global Recordings Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Pulaar

Primary Language:  Pulaar

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1982-1993)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1997-1998)
Bible-Complete No
Bible-NT Audio Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Pulaar
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video More Than Dreams-Ali
Film / Video More Than Dreams-Dini
Film / Video More Than Dreams-Khalil
Film / Video More Than Dreams-Khosrow
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Primary Religion: Islam
Religion Subdivision: Sunni
Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.08 %)
0.40 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
99.60 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
0.0 %
Orthodox
0.0 %
Other Christian
20.0 %
Protestant
40.0 %
Roman Catholic
40.0 %
Photo Source Link Up Africa 
Map Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Video Source The Waiting World
Profile Source JoshuaProject  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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