Kalmyk-Oirat in Mongolia


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Torgut language is a variant of Oirat, but speakers of the two groups can converse with relative ease. The Torgut are an ethnic subgroup of the Oirat. The Torguts speak basically the same language as the Oirat, but they view themselves as ethnically separate. They have been described as having a Tibetan religion, and a Mongolian language. Torgut history closely mirrors that of the Oirat. They migrated from Xinjiang to Russia, where they lived until 1771 when Russian pressure forced most Torgut to flee back to China. Thousands died of starvation or were killed and plundered by bandits on the return journey to Xinjiang.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Folk dancing is a favorite pastime of the Torgut. The bielgee, or "dance of the body," originated during the Qing (Manchu) Dynasty. Dancers express themselves by using their arms, legs, and other parts of their bodies in rhythmic movements.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Although all Torgut claim to be Buddhists, many practice shamanism, an important element of Tibetan Buddhism. The black magic and secret arts of the Mongol shamans were vividly described 700 years ago, when Marco Polo challenged the Great Khan to become a Christian. He replied, "On what grounds do you desire me to become a Christian? You see that these sorcerers do what they will. When I sit at the table the cups in the middle of the hall come to me full of wine or other beverages without anyone touching them, and I drink from them. They banish bad weather in any direction they choose and perform many marvels. And, as you know, their idols speak and give them predictions as they ask. If I am converted to the faith of Christ and become a Christian these sorcerers, who with their arts and sciences achieve such great results, could easily compass my death."


What Are Their Needs?

The Torgut people need to submit to Jesus Christ so they can experience the abundant life he offers in John 10:10.


Prayer Points

Pray for the Lord to provide for their physical and spiritual needs as a testimony of his power and love. Pray that the Torgut people will have a spiritual hunger that will open their hearts to the King of kings. Pray for workers who are driven by the love and boldness of the Holy Spirit to go to them. Pray for a movement to Christ among them to begin this decade.


Scripture Prayers for the Kalmyk-Oirat, Western Mongol in Mongolia.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-07-05
People Name General Kalmyk-Oirat
People Name in Country Kalmyk-Oirat, Western Mongol
Natural Name Kalmyk-Oirat
Pronunciation hahl-MUCK oy-RAHT
Population this Country 271,000
Population all Countries 654,000
Total Countries 7
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 5
Alternate Names Durbet; Jazyk; Kalmuk; Kalmyk; Kalmytskii; Kalmytz; Khalmag; Oirat; Qalmaq; Torgot; Torgot Mongolians; Torgut; Torguud; Volba Oirat; Volga Oirat; Weilate; Western Mongol; Xinjiang Mongol
People ID 14129
ROP3 Code 107607
Country Mongolia
Region Asia, Northeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Mainly northwest, Dzavhan, Uvs, Hovd, Hovsgol, Govi-Altay, Arhangay, and Bayan-Olgiy provinces.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Mongolia
Region Asia, Northeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Mainly northwest, Dzavhan, Uvs, Hovd, Hovsgol, Govi-Altay, Arhangay, and Bayan-Olgiy provinces..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Primary Religion: Buddhism
Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
68.50 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.40 %)
0.50 %
Ethnic Religions
26.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
5.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Primary Language Kalmyk-Oirat (271,000 speakers)
Language Code xal   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Kalmyk-Oirat (271,000 speakers)
Language Code xal   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Kalmyk-Oirat
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2023  Anonymous  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source Mongolian Traditional Costumes  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more