Torgut Kalmyk in China


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Torgut history closely mirrors that of the Oirat. They migrated from Xinjiang to Russia, where they lived until 1771 when Russian pressure forced most Torgut to flee back to China. Thousands died of starvation or were killed and plundered by bandits on the return journey to Xinjiang.

The Torgut are an ethnic subgroup of the Oirat. The Oirat were acknowledged separately in the Chinese census, then officially included in the Mongolian nationality. The Torguts speak basically the same language as the Oirat, but they view themselves as ethnically separate. They have been described as "a law unto themselves, with their Tibetan religion, Mongolian language, and unspeakable customs."

The Torgut language is a variant of Oirat, but speakers of the two groups can converse with relative ease.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Folk dancing is a favorite pastime of the Torgut. The bielgee, or "dance of the body," originated during the Qing (Manchu) Dynasty. Large public gatherings were outlawed because the Manchus feared a Mongol uprising. Traditional dances had to be performed privately inside the yurt where there was little leg room. The dancers expressed themselves by using their arms, legs, and other parts of their bodies in rhythmic movements.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Although all Torgut claim to be Tibetan Buddhists, many practice shamanism. The black magic and secret arts of the Mongol shamans were vividly described 700 years ago, when Marco Polo challenged the Great Khan to become a Christian. He replied, "On what grounds do you desire me to become a Christian? You see that these sorcerers do what they will. When I sit at the table the cups in the middle of the hall come to me full of wine or other beverages without anyone touching them, and I drink from them. They banish bad weather in any direction they choose and perform many marvels. And, as you know, their idols speak and give them predictions as they ask. If I am converted to the faith of Christ and become a Christian these sorcerers, who with their arts and sciences achieve such great results, could easily compass my death."

There is no church today among the Torgut of China, despite the past efforts of self-sacrificing missionaries. During the Boxer Rebellion of 1900, "seven Alliance missionaries and seven children tried to flee on camels into Mongolia. Robbers intercepted them and took everything, even their clothes. In the trauma two of the missionaries gave birth. French missionary priests found the fourteen and the two infants naked in the desert and subsisting on roots. The priests gave them covering and took them back to the Catholic mission station. The Boxers killed them with guns and swords, then set fire to the church."


What Are Their Needs?

Without the guidance of Christ, these people will be lost in this life and the life to come. They need someone to go to them as Christ-bearers.


Prayer Points

Pray for the spiritual blindness and bondage to the evil one to be removed so they can understand and respond to Christ.

Pray for the Lord to provide for their physical and spiritual needs as a testimony of his power and love.

Pray the Torgut people will have a spiritual hunger that will open their hearts to the King of kings.

Pray for an unstoppable movement to Christ among them.


Scripture Prayers for the Kalmyk, Torgut in China.


References

Operation China, Asia Harvest, Copyrighted © Used with permission

http://www.globalprayerdigest.org/issue/day/2010/07/30

http://www.globalprayerdigest.org/issue/day/2020/08/15


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-08-01
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-07-30
Global Prayer Digest: 2020-08-15
People Name General Kalmyk-Oirat
People Name in Country Kalmyk, Torgut
Natural Name Torgut Kalmyk
Pronunciation tor-GOOT hahl-MUCK
Population this Country 192,000
Population all Countries 654,000
Total Countries 7
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 4
Alternate Names Durbet; Jazyk; Kalmuk; Kalmyk; Kalmytskii; Kalmytz; Khalmag; Oirat; Qalmaq; Torgot; Torgot Mongolians; Torgut; Torguud; Volba Oirat; Volga Oirat; Weilate; Western Mongol; Xinjiang Mongol
People ID 14129
ROP3 Code 107607
Country China
Region Asia, Northeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 16  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country The 1982 China census numbered 166,000 Oirat in Qinghai, Xinjiang, and Gansu provinces. Of this number, 106,000 belong to the Torgut ethnic group, which have been profiled separately in this book. Although the Torgut and Oirat are closely related and speak the same language, they view themselves as distinct tribes. Most Oirat live in the remote mountains and verdant grasslands of northern Qinghai Province. Others live in Subei and Aksay counties in southwest Gansu Province.   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Country China
Region Asia, Northeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 16  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country The 1982 China census numbered 166,000 Oirat in Qinghai, Xinjiang, and Gansu provinces. Of this number, 106,000 belong to the Torgut ethnic group, which have been profiled separately in this book. Although the Torgut and Oirat are closely related and speak the same language, they view themselves as distinct tribes. Most Oirat live in the remote mountains and verdant grasslands of northern Qinghai Province. Others live in Subei and Aksay counties in southwest Gansu Province..   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Map of Kalmyk, Torgut in China Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Religion: Buddhism
Religion Subdivision: Tibetan
Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
100.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Primary Language Kalmyk-Oirat (192,000 speakers)
Language Code xal   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Torgut
Dialect Code 11429   Global Recordings Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Kalmyk-Oirat (192,000 speakers)
Language Code xal   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Torgut
Dialect Code 11429   Global Recordings Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Kalmyk-Oirat
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2023  Anonymous  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group location: IMB. Map geography: ESRI / GMI. Map design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more