Khampti in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Identity

More than 80,000 Khamti people live in the area where the three countries of Myanmar, India and China meet. The name Khamti means 'a land full of gold' (kham means 'gold' and ti means 'place'). Most Khamti—approximately 70,000—live in Kachin State of north-western Myanmar, having first settled along the Chinwin River in the 12th century AD. They formed 'three small Khamti Long Thai States and developed a highly advanced civilization. Those who escaped enslavement by the Burmese settled in their present location in the fertile triangle of northern Myanmar, between the Mali and Nmai rivers.' An additional 8,000 or more Khamti people live across the border in northeast India's states of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam, where they are recognized as a 'scheduled' (official) tribe. In Arunachal Pradesh they inhabit the plains of Lohit, Changlang, Lower Subansiri and Tirup districts, as well as the Dibang Valley. Additional numbers of Khamti inhabit Assam State, especially the Lakhimpur, Dhemaji, Dibrugarh and Cachar districts of Assam State.


History

Historians say that the Khamti migrated to India from the Irrawaddy valley, Myanmar, in 1751. They settled along the Tangapani river. They later moved and now inhabit the 'lower regions drained by the Tangapani and Noa-Dihing rivers.... Their territory is surrounded by dense forests of the tropical moist deciduous type.'


Customs

The Khamti are one of only a few Tai-speaking people groups found within India's borders. Their language is related to Shan, but after centuries of geographical separation Khamti has developed its own characteristics. They have their own script, called Lik-Tai, which resembles the script used by the Mon in southern Myanmar.

Due to the almost complete lack of ethnographic material available in Myanmar, most of what is known about the Khamti comes from India. One researcher there found that 'though the Khamti are Buddhists, they eat a variety of fish. They consume the meat of fowls, pigs, goats, bears, deer and tigers. Beef is a taboo.' Khamti society is hierarchical, with the village chief at the top, followed by the Buddhist monks, the common people and the former slaves at the bottom.

When a Khamti couple gets married, 'a mediator accompanies the groom's relatives (barring his parents) to the bride's house in a procession. The groom's party offers a basket of dried fish and rice beer to the bride's parents. When the entertainment is over the mediator negotiates with the bride's father, whereupon he hands over his daughter to the groom's party. On its way back with the bride, the groom's party is stopped by the boys and girls of the village demanding a price for the bride.'


Religion

Theravada Buddhism is the religion of almost every Khamti person. Each village has its own monastery, where proud parents send their sons to study the teachings of Buddha. In India, out of the 6,181 Khamti people surveyed in the 1981 census, 6,143 stated that they were Buddhist, 28 Hindu, two Muslim and two Christian, while six people did not state their religion.


Christianity

Few Khamti have any awareness of the Son of God who died that they may have eternal life.


Profile Source:   Peoples of the Buddhist World, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Khampti
People Name in Country Khampti
World Population 26,800
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 5  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Bor-Khampti, Hkamti, Kam Ti, Kham-Tai, Khamti, Khamti Shan, Kmajang, Moonglair Khampti, Phakial, Tai Kam Ti, खंपति
People ID 12650
ROP3 Code 104896
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 6
Largest States
Arunachal Pradesh
16,000
Assam
1,400
Manipur
300
West Bengal
30
Mizoram
30
Meghalaya
30
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 6
  Arunachal Pradesh 16,000
  Assam 1,400
  Manipur 300
  West Bengal 30
  Mizoram 30
  Meghalaya 30
Website South Asia Peoples

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Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Adi (9,800 speakers)
Language Code adi   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 9
Secondary Languages
Khamti
7,000
Assamese
600
Naga, Tangshang: Tangsa
60
Bengali
50
Chin, Hakha Nyishi
Naga, Wancho Anal
Primary Language Adi (9,800 speakers)
Language Code adi   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 9
Secondary Languages
  Khamti 7,000
  Assamese 600
  Naga, Tangshang: Tangsa 60
  Bengali 50
  Chin, Hakha 10
  Nyishi 10
  Naga, Wancho 0
  Anal 0
People Groups Speaking Adi

Primary Language:  Adi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1932-1986)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1988-2003)
Bible-Complete Yes  (2005-2009)
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Adi
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Adi
Primary Religion: Buddhism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
92.07 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.89 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
6.03 %
Islam
0.26 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.32 %
Unknown
0.42 %
Photo Source Anonymous 
Profile Source Peoples of the Buddhist World, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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