Karakachan in Bulgaria

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Karakachan Sarakatsani name comes from two words: one means “black” referring to their clothes, and the other refers to “fugitives.” That name came from the Ottomans who described a people who fled from their control wearing black attire.
Some believe the Karakachan Sarakatsani have the Dorians as their ancestors. The Dorians were one of the four major ethnic groups during the days of Ancient Greece. Others believe their ancestors were peasants who lived in the lowlands or mountain nomads. Today their lifestyle reflects both of these latter groups. Most live in Greece but a small number are further north in Bulgaria.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Some Karakachan Sarakatsani are sheep herders who live in lower elevations during the winter but bring their sheep to higher grounds to find grasslands in the summer. Most now live in towns and cities where they speak modern Greek and live like all other people. As they become increasingly assimilated, there is an effort to preserve their language, poetry, music and folk dances.
They will only marry someone outside their kin group. Marriages are arranged by the parents, and they have a male-dominated patrilineal descent system. Men must protect the honor of their family. That means they must regulate the behavior of their family so there is no negative opinion of the family.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Almost all Karakachan Sarakatsani people are Greek Orthodox. They enjoy celebrating feast days, especially the Feast of St. George. Like other Christians, they celebrate Christmas and Easter week.

What Are Their Needs?

The Karakachan Sarakatsani people need to put their hope and faith in Jesus Christ.

Prayer Points

Pray for the Lord to raise up Karakachan Sarakatsani Christ followers who will disciple others to make more disciples.
Pray for the Holy Spirit to move mightily in the Greek Orthodox Church this century, purifying it and bringing into full submission to Christ.
Pray for the Lord to bless the work of their hands as a testimony of his power and love. May they respond with devotion and unending praise!

Scripture Prayers for the Karakachan in Bulgaria.



Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Sarakatsani, Karakachan
People Name in Country Karakachan
Alternate Names
Population this Country 2,300
Population all Countries 8,800
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 3
Unreached No
Frontier People Group No
Pioneer Workers Needed
People ID 12525
ROP3 Code 104637

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Primary Religion: Christianity
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 1.00 %)
95.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
5.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Primary Language Greek (2,300 speakers)
Language Code ell   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Saracatsan
Dialect Code 10349   Global Recordings Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Greek (2,300 speakers)
Language Code ell   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Saracatsan
Dialect Code 10349   Global Recordings Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Greek

Primary Language:  Greek

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1547-1949)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1638-1989)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1840-2003)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources General / Other
Audio Recordings Online Audio Scripture Talking Bibles
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio Jesus Film Project
Film / Video God's Story video God's Story
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Greek Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Love letter to you from scripture Father's Love Letter
Film / Video Magdalena video Jesus Film Project
Film / Video My Last Day video, anime Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children Jesus Film Project
Film / Video World Christian Videos World Christian Videos
General Bible for Children Bible for Children
General Biblical answers to your questions Got Questions Ministry
General Faith Comes By Hearing - Bible in text, audio, video Faith Comes by Hearing
General Four Spiritual Laws Campus Crusade for Christ
General Gospel resources links Scripture Earth
General Walk with the Prophets and meet the Messiah Al Massira
General YouVersion Bible versions in text and/or audio YouVersion Bibles
Mobile App Android Bible app: Greek YouVersion Bibles
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file Faith Comes by Hearing
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file Faith Comes by Hearing
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file Faith Comes by Hearing
Mobile App iOS Bible app: Greek YouVersion Bibles
Text / Printed Matter Bible Gateway scripture Bible Gateway
Text / Printed Matter Children and youth resources One Hope
Photo Source SlavaBogur - Wikimedia  Creative Commons 
Profile Source Joshua Project 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.