Kinnaura in India

Joshua Project has identified the Kinnaura only in India
Population
79,000
Christian
Evangelical
Largest Religion
Main Language
Progress
Progress Gauge

Identity

More than 60,000 Kinnaura people inhabit extremely high-altitude locations in the north Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. The Kinnaura are the largest ethnic group in the district that gives them their name—Kinnaur District. The Kinnaura inhabit villages between 5,000 and 6,770 metres (16,400 to 22,200 ft.) above sea level, in an area described as having 'mountainous topography, cold climate, dense forests, low rainfall and heavy snowfall'. The Kinnaura people comprise approximately 70 per cent of the total population in the Kinnaur District. They also inhabit part of the Lahaul- Spiti District, 'from Chauhra to Sangla and north along the Satluj River to Morang and several villages of the upper Ropa River Valley'. Small pockets of Kinnaura also reportedly live in the north Indian states of Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir.

The classification of the Kinnaura is complicated. Although the Indian government has granted them status as a Scheduled Tribe, there appear to be at least several different language and people groups within this group called Kinnaura. The Ethnologue, which attempts to list every language in the world, has several listings. In addition to the main Kinnauri language, they list Bhoti Kinnauri (6,000 speakers), Harijan Kinnauri (6,331) and Chitkuli Kinnauri (1,060).


Religion

From a religious standpoint, the Kinnaura are an extremely interesting group. Their territory forms the border between the Buddhist and Hindu worlds, and accordingly the Kinnaura's religious belief is a fusion of the two. They acknowledge their strong links to Hinduism by claiming that they originated in the shadow of Lord Brahma. Another legend says that 'they have sprung from the toe of Brahma along with the Yakshas'. Hinduism has gained in popularity in the Kinnaur District in the past few generations, as thousands of Hindus have migrated into north Himachal Pradesh. Previously, Tibetan Buddhism held sway in these remote Himalayan regions. One source notes, 'Kinnaur is a place of curious coexistence of Hinduism and Mahayanist Buddhism. People embracing Buddhism belong to the Nyingmapa, Dukpa, Kargyutpa, and Gelukpa sects. On entering a Buddhist village, one finds a tomb and chorten in various [parts] of the village and also in individual houses, which are meant to ward off evil spirits.' Many Kinnaura people do not see a conflict in their mixture of faith. If asked whether or not they believe in Hinduism they reply 'Yes', and if asked if they follow Buddhism they also reply 'Yes!' Many celebrate both Buddhist and Hindu festivals. The Kinnaura also believe and practise animistic rituals in a bid to ward off evil spirits.

The confusion regarding the Hindu-Buddhist mix among the Kinnaura can be seen in figures from the 1981 census, when 31.29 per cent of Kinnaura stated they were Buddhists, compared to 68.71 per cent who said they were Hindus. This accounts for all Kinnaura people, meaning that not a single person believed in Christ at the time.


Christianity

A recent survey indicated there are now 140 Christians in Kinnaura District, about 100 of which are from the Kinnaura ethnic group.


Profile Source:   Peoples of the Buddhist World, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Expanded PDF Profile

Prayer Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-08-24
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-08-09
People Name General Kinnaura
People Name in Country Kinnaura
Population in India 79,000
World Population 79,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Least-Reached Yes
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Anuskad, Kanorin Skad, Kanorug Skadd, Kinnara, Kinnauri, Kinnaurse, Kinori, Koonawure, Lower Kinnauri, Melhesti, Milchan, Tibas Skad, Yanuskad, किंनौरा
People ID 12487
ROP3 Code 104558
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 17  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country More than 60,000 Kinnaura people inhabit extremely high altitude locations in the north Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, in Kinnaur District.   Source:  Peoples of the Buddhist World, 2004
Total States on file: 5
Largest States
Himachal Pradesh (78,000) Uttarakhand (600) Delhi (90)
Maharashtra (60) Chandigarh (30)
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 17  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country More than 60,000 Kinnaura people inhabit extremely high altitude locations in the north Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, in Kinnaur District..   Source:  Peoples of the Buddhist World, 2004
Total States on file: 5
Himachal Pradesh (78,000) Uttarakhand (600)
Delhi (90) Maharashtra (60)
Chandigarh (30)
Primary Language: Kinnauri (54,000 speakers)   People group listing
Language Code: kfk   Ethnologue Listing
Written: Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages: 27
Secondary Languages:
(only 20 largest shown)
Kinnauri, Bhoti (9,000) Shumcho (3,000) Jangshung (2,700)
Pahari, Mahasu (1,700) Kinnauri, Chitkuli (1,500) Hindi (1,200)
Tukpa (1,000) Sunam (800) Mugom (700)
Bhattiyali (200) Pattani (100) Mandeali (100)
Gujarati (90) Punjabi, Eastern (80) Nepali (50)
Tibetan, Central (40) Khandesi (40) Dogri (30)
Sherpa (20) Urdu
Primary Language: Kinnauri (54,000 speakers)   People group listing
Language Code: kfk   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 27
Secondary Languages: (only 20 largest shown)
Kinnauri, Bhoti (9,000) Shumcho (3,000)
Jangshung (2,700) Pahari, Mahasu (1,700)
Kinnauri, Chitkuli (1,500) Hindi (1,200)
Tukpa (1,000) Sunam (800)
Mugom (700) Bhattiyali (200)
Pattani (100) Mandeali (100)
Gujarati (90) Punjabi, Eastern (80)
Nepali (50) Tibetan, Central (40)
Khandesi (40) Dogri (30)
Sherpa (20) Urdu (10)
Primary Language: Kinnauri

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1909-1917)
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
 
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum of Bible Agencies
Gospel Go
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Jesus film: view in Kinnauri
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
36.81 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.17 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
60.20 %
Islam
2.76 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.06 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
Unknown
Independent
Unknown
Orthodox
Unknown
Other Christian
Unknown
Protestant
Unknown
Roman Catholic
Unknown
Photo Source: Anonymous  
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source: Peoples of the Buddhist World, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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