Iu Mien in Vietnam


Population
271,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Iu Mien have a long history of fleeing oppression. This explains why the Chinese sometimes call them the Guoshan (Crossing the Mountains) Yao. Linguist Herbert Purnell explains, "The Iu Mien have been profoundly influenced by the Chinese over many centuries of contact. Perhaps the most significant development from these contacts has been the evolution and preservation of Taoist rituals written in Chinese characters. The Iu Mien have therefore possessed for several centuries what many other Asian peoples only dream of—an extensive written literature."


Where Are they Located?

The Iu Mien originated in China, but some were hired to help the French, and later the Americans, in their efforts to defeat the communists in Laos and Vietnam. After the communists took over Vietnam in 1975, many fled the country while others remained and suffered the consequences of crossing the communists. The Iu Mien people who live in Vietnam are in the northern part of the country.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Houses in Mien villages are made of durable hardwood and have packed dirt floors. They are large enough for ceremonial gatherings and sturdy enough to withstand strong hurricane-force winds and torrential rains. Villagers cultivate rice and corn, and gather wild jungle products such as resin and honey to trade with merchants.

Social status in Iu Mien villages is determined by behavior, accomplishment, generosity with others, and scholarship in religious studies. Within each village community, there are a select few who gain prominence because of their literacy in Chinese. Young men from well-to-do families study and master Chinese characters in the expression of Yao concepts. They become experts in the writing of ritual texts and family genealogies.

The basic village household may consist of a man, his wife, their unmarried children, their married sons and daughters-in-law, their grandchildren, and other relatives. Because the extended family lives together, child rearing is a cross-generational affair, with grandparents giving the young parents "on the job training."

Each person has a well-defined role in Iu Mien society. Women are generally responsible for the day-to-day essentials of life, while men are concerned with the long-term welfare of the family. Men are also responsible for relations between the living family, their dead ancestors, and the world of spirits. In the villages, men fell the jungle trees and burn the areas to be cultivated. The women plant, hoe, and harvest. Villages work together in building houses and clearing fields, and celebrate together at feasts.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The religion of the Iu Mien is far more than a component of their culture. It is a total belief system that explains all the natural events of life and provides a way to gain control over those events. They are influenced by their ancestors, as well as by their animistic beliefs (the belief that the natural world around them is inhabited by spirits). Time and resources are spent to make sure that the ancestors remain content and the spirits are pacified. Rituals that reflect a blending of Taoist belief and animism are often conducted by well-trained priests.


What Are Their Needs?

As with most animistic cultures, the Iu Mien live in fear of displeasing the spirits of ancestors or nature. A desire to be free from fear and their emphasis on kindness and generosity within society would provide an opening for the gospel. Prayer is the key to seeing them reached for Christ.


Prayer Points

* Ask the Lord of the harvest to send forth laborers to live and work among the Iu Mien.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to grant wisdom and favor to mission agencies that are focusing on them.
* Pray that the Lord will raise up long term workers to help with the harvest.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to complete the work begun in the hearts of the Iu Mien believers through adequate discipleship.
* Ask the Lord to raise up a disciple making movement among the Iu Mien people that will affect their communities in Asia and North America.


References

https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/12289/VM
https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/12289/LA
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iu_Mien_people
https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/12289/CH
http://www.globalprayerdigest.org/index.php/issue/day/2009/06/04
http://www.globalprayerdigest.org/index.php/issue/day/2008/07/15
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iu_Mien_Americans


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Iu Mien
People Name in Country Iu Mien
Population in Vietnam 271,000
World Population 1,624,200
Total Countries 7
Indigenous Yes
Unreached No
Progress Scale 4
GSEC 4  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Dao, Guangxi-Yunnan, Guoshan, Guoshan Yao, Highland Yao, Man, Mian, Mien, Myen, Pan Yao, Yao, Yiu Mien, Youmian, Yumian
People ID 12289
ROP3 Code 104117
Country Vietnam
Region Southeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 17  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Bac Giang, Bac Kan, Cao Bang, Ha Giang, Hoa Binh, Lai Chau, Lang Son, Lao Cai, Phu Tho, Quang Ninh, Son La, Thai Nguyen, Thanh Hoa, Tuyen Quang, Vinh Phuc, and Yen Bai provinces, scattered settlements in northern regions; Dac Lak province south.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Vietnam
Region Southeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 17  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Bac Giang, Bac Kan, Cao Bang, Ha Giang, Hoa Binh, Lai Chau, Lang Son, Lao Cai, Phu Tho, Quang Ninh, Son La, Thai Nguyen, Thanh Hoa, Tuyen Quang, Vinh Phuc, and Yen Bai provinces, scattered settlements in northern regions; Dac Lak province south..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Primary Language Iu Mien (271,000 speakers)
Language Code ium   Ethnologue Listing
Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Primary Dialect Quan Trang
Dialect Code 11022   Global Recordings Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Iu Mien
Primary Language Iu Mien (271,000 speakers)
Language Code ium   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Quan Trang
Dialect Code 11022   Global Recordings Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Iu Mien

Primary Language:  Iu Mien

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes   (1932-1996)
Bible-New Testament Yes   (1975-1991)
Bible-Complete Yes   (2008)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum of Bible Agencies
Gospel Go
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Iu Mien
Text / Printed Matter Bible-in-Your-Language
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Mien Bible (Lao Script)
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Mien Bible (New Roman Script)
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Mien Bible (Old Roman Script Script)
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Mien Bible (Thai Script)
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 3.09 %)
8.00 %
Ethnic Religions
80.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
12.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
0.0 %
Orthodox
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
Protestant
20.0 %
Roman Catholic
80.0 %
Photo Source Anonymous  
Map Source Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


Copyright © 2017 Joshua Project.  A ministry of Frontier Ventures.