Rohingya in Thailand


Population
75,000
Christian
Evangelical
Largest Religion
Main Language
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

In historical perspective Rakhine, the home of the Rohingya people, is more a frontier province of eastern India than a province of Burma (now called Myanmar). From the very early days till the arrival of the Mongolians and Tibeto-Burmans in the 10th century, Rakhine was an Indian land with a population similar to Bengal. The spread of Islam in Rakhine during those early times and the impact of Islamic civilization on Rakhine particularly after Bengal became Muslim in 1203 A.D is well known.

According to history, Islam reached Rakhine in the late 8th century AD and attracted the local people to come to Islam en masse. Since then Islam played an important role towards the advancement of civilization in Rakhine. Muslims ruled Rakhine between 1430 to 1638. The system of government (Muslim sultanates) was common in those days. It was an independent Muslim kingdom in the 14th and 15th centuries.

The Rohingya people have been violently persecuted by the Myanmar government, which calls them “non-natives” because they are not Buddhists like the Burmese majority. Thousands had to flee for their lives. Some of them have gone to Saudi Arabia for refuge.

Bordering Burma (Myanmar) to the east was Siam (now called Thailand), which has been solidly Theravada Buddhist since at least the 13th century. Today Thailand has freedom of religion. Because of a violent Muslim-led insurgency movement in their southern provinces, Thai officials are suspicious of any Muslims moving through that area.


Where Are they Located?

Rohingya refugees flee the violent oppression of the government in Myanmar. Some of them wind up in deadly jungle camps, where women are commonly raped, and all Rohingyas risk being killed, even the children. Others are trafficked and wind up as virtual slaves on fishing boats.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Most of the Rohingyas are hoping to relocate to Malaysia, not Thailand. Malaysia is a Muslim majority nation where they expect better treatment. But they must go through southern Thailand on the way, leaving them vulnerable to human traffickers, and Thai government officials who suspect them of aiding Muslim insurgents in that part of Thailand.

It is common for Rohingya refugees to be trafficked to the fishing industry, according to an article in The Guardian. These Rohingya men live as virtual slaves. Some of these Rohingyas are held for ransom. If their families does not pay the traffickers, the people are killed.

Some of the Rohingya people in Thailand have managed to start small businesses or get low-paying jobs. These people are probably the ones who have been in Thailand since the 1990s before there was a flood of refugees.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Rohingya people are almost all Sunni Muslims. Their hope is in the teachings of the Qur’an and the Hadith, not in the person of Jesus Christ.


What Are Their Needs?

The Rohingya need a safe place to live. They need freedom from violent oppression, and the opportunity to earn a good living, and have their children get an education.


Prayer Points

* Pray for the Rohingya people to find safe refuge in Thailand and other nations.
* Pray for them to find jobs and schools.
* The Rohingya people have very little chance to hear that Jesus Christ offers them much more than they could ever imagine. Pray for the Rohingyas in Thailand to be reached by the Lord through dreams, visions, and through Christian materials on the Internet.


References

https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2015/jul/20/thai-fishing-industry-implicated-enslavement-deaths-rohingya
http://www.fortifyrights.org/publication-20160524.html
http://thediplomat.com/2015/10/thailand-must-end-its-own-rohingya-atrocity/
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/06/rohingya-refugee-struggle-thailand-150614072214066.html
http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/rohingya-refugees-gang-raped-thailand-malaysia-camps-1503951
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2015_Rohingya_refugee_crisis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rohingya_people
http://www.equalrightstrust.org/ertdocumentbank/Equal%20Only%20in%20Name%20-%20Thailand%20-%20Full%20Report.pdf
http://www.news.com.au/world/asia/rohingya-refugees-buried-in-mass-graves-in-thailand/news-story/5e5f454179a89e55dc85a83eb77e7ab1
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2009/oct/12/burma-muslims-rohingya-saudi-prisons


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Rohingya
People Name in Country Rohingya
Population in Thailand 75,000
World Population 1,936,000
Total Countries 5
Indigenous No
Least-Reached Yes
Progress Scale 1
Alternate Names Chittagonian, Ruaingga, रोयिंगाइया
People ID 11359
ROP3 Code 102170
Country Thailand
Region Southeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Country Thailand
Region Southeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank Not ranked

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Ethnologue Language Map
Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language: Rohingya (75,000 speakers)   People group listing
Language Code: rhg   Ethnologue Listing
Written: Unknown
Total Languages: 1
Primary Language: Rohingya (75,000 speakers)   People group listing
Language Code: rhg   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Primary Language: Rohingya

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Type Resource Name
Film / Video God's Story Video
Primary Religion: Islam

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
Unknown
Independent
Unknown
Orthodox
Unknown
Other Christian
Unknown
Protestant
Unknown
Roman Catholic
Unknown
Photo Source: digital.democracy   Creative Commons   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Profile Source: Keith Carey  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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