Min Bei Chinese in Brunei

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Han Chinese are the largest ethnic group in the world. Although the vast majority live in mainland China, many have immigrated to other countries, and today they reside in nearly every nation of the world. In a number of these countries, including Laos, Nepal, Tanzania, Cambodia, and Thailand, the Chinese communities remain largely unreached with the gospel. Most Han Chinese speak one of the many Chinese dialects, which include Mandarin, Cantonese, and Hokkien. Although the dialects are very similar, the speakers of one Chinese dialect cannot understand the speakers of another. The Han Chinese began fleeing to other countries in 1276, after the Mongol invasion. Many other upheavals and conflicts followed, and the Chinese continued to settle in other nations, particularly in Southeast Asia. Wherever they went, the Chinese settled almost exclusively in urban areas and became involved in business and commerce. Today, they are very influential in the economies of many of these nations, though they represent only a small percentage of the population. The Min Bei are one of over 20 distinct people groups within the Han Chinese cluster. The majority of the Min Bei live in China, with a diaspora in a handful of other countries including Brunei, Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand.

What Are Their Lives Like?

During the Japanese occupation of China during World War II, a nationalist movement began to grow among the Han Chinese who lived outside their homeland. The members of this movement began to vigorously support China. When the communists took over China in 1949, many of the Diaspora Han Chinese supported the revolution, not because they agreed with communist ideology, but because they desired strong leadership and unity for their motherland. As a result, they have often been viewed with suspicion by the governments of the countries where they live. The Diaspora Han Chinese continue to live primarily in cities. In a number of countries, particularly the westernized nations, many of them are businessmen. Their businesses range from small shops to international corporations. They live in a wide variety of houses, ranging from small apartments to costly mansions. Most of them have retained their traditional Chinese diet. Rice continues to be their staple food and they generally prefer to use chopsticks as utensils. Many of the Han Chinese who live outside of China have maintained their culture and language to varying degrees, depending on the country in which they live. Except for those in Thailand, the Han Chinese continue to speak their various Chinese dialects. In most countries, the Diaspora Han Chinese have also continued living by their traditional Chinese customs, especially those regarding marriage and the family. One of the primary reasons they have kept their own languages and customs is because they have a deeply ingrained belief in the superiority of their culture. The Han Chinese treat their children affectionately and usually indulge boys more than girls. The children are pushed to do well in school and are given much time to devote to their studies. The Han Chinese are known for their politeness and will go to great lengths to avoid disputes. However, once a dispute begins it is very difficult to stop because the Chinese place a high value on "saving face. " Giving ground in an open dispute would cause them to lose face—something the Chinese try to avoid at all costs.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Diaspora Han Chinese have generally maintained their traditional Chinese religion, which is characterized by a blending of eastern philosophies with an emphasis on maintaining harmony. Ethnic religions dominate the beliefs of the Min Bei in Brunei. The Han Chinese consult horoscopes in an attempt to determine what course of action will promote harmony and bring good luck. They also believe in a pantheon of spirits who inhabit the earth. The spirits of their ancestors supposedly roam the earth, and if treated properly, are benign and bring good luck. They believe ghosts exist as the spirits of people who are angry at the circumstances of their death; these spirits are malicious and capricious. By contrast, deities are the souls of people who lived especially virtuous lives. They have spiritual powers that can be used to benefit those who worship them. This motivates them to worship these deities. Although the Han Chinese still claim adherence to these beliefs, they seem to have little effect on their everyday lives. In fact, many are non-religious in practice.

What Are Their Needs?

The Diaspora Chinese are often mistreated in the lands in which they live. They are viewed with suspicion because of the historical support of the Han Chinese for the Communist Revolution in China. In some countries there have been anti-Chinese riots. In nearly all of the countries, nationals are envious of the Diaspora Han Chinese because of their success in business, commerce and trade. The Han Chinese suffer from great spiritual needs. Many of their adopted nations are open to the gospel, and several evangelistic tools are available in their Chinese dialects. The New Testament has been translated into the dialect of the Min Bei, but the translation is old (1934) and in need of updating. Although the Min Bei are considered a partially reached people in most of the countries where they live, in Brunei they are classified as a frontier unreached group with minimal (if any) Christian presence.

Prayer Points

Pray that Christian broadcasts, evangelical literature, and the JESUS Film will be effective tools for reaching the Min Bei in Brunei. Ask God to use Christian businessmen to boldly share Christ with the Min Bei in Brunei. Ask the Lord to raise up strong local churches among the Min Bei. Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the Min Bei towards the gospel message and Christ himself. Ask God to lead Christ followers to share the gospel with the Min Bei in Brunei. Pray for a Disciple-Making Movement among the Min Bei of Brunei.

Scripture Prayers for the Han Chinese, Min Bei in Brunei.

Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Han Chinese, Min Bei
People Name in Country Han Chinese, Min Bei
Natural Name Min Bei Chinese
Pronunciation Min-Bay
Alternate Names Foochow; Fuchow; Hainanese; Han Chinese; Hockchew; Hokchia; Hokchiu; Hsiang; Kwangsi; Min Pei; Northern Min; Peranakan; Straits Chinese; Totok
Population this Country 10,000
Population all Countries 8,812,000
Total Countries 6
Indigenous No
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
People ID 11343
ROP3 Code 102138
ROP25 Code 301734
ROP25 Name Chinese
Country Brunei
Region Asia, Southeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 44  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Country Brunei
Region Asia, Southeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 44  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)

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Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
100.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Primary Language Chinese, Min Bei (10,000 speakers)
Language Code mnp   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Chinese, Min Bei (10,000 speakers)
Language Code mnp   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Chinese, Min Bei

Primary Language:  Chinese, Min Bei

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1934)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1934)
Bible-Complete No
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2024  Operation China, Asia Harvest  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Profile Source Joshua Project 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.

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