Jewish Tat, Mountain Jews in Russia


Population
12,000
Christian
Evangelical
Largest Religion
Main Language
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Tat People of the Caucasus Region possibly hold both the most complex ethnic history and the most complex present-day changing dynamic of any of the 45 people groups of the North Caucasus. Most experts conclude that the Jewish Tat (also known as Mountain Jews) and the Muslim Tat come from ancient separate origins[see Wikipedia.org], but over many centuries both function from the same Tat language—the Tat language is from the Persian family of languages and was originally spoken in southwest Persia (Iran).

The Judeo Tat dialect is based on the Tat language with many Hebrew-Jewish words mixed in. Tat Jews/Mountain Jews assert that they were originally Jews from the 10 Northern Tribes who were settled in the Assyrian Empire and eventually began utilizing the local language of the region where they lived. Muslim Tats hail originally from the same region, and were also part of a northward migration—or possible military resettlement by the Persian Empire—into the Caucasus Region starting in the early A.D. era. The situation was further complicated when the Soviets lumped these two groups together in one designation, due to their commonly-shared language.

Sources indicate that at the peak in the mid-20th Century there may have been at least 50,000 Tat Jews in Dagestan and 40,000 in Azerbaijan. For example, in the highlands west of Derbent in southern Dagestan, in the 19th-Century era eight sizeable Jewish Tat villages were known to be flourishing in that region. Massive emigration to Israel by Tat Jews from both countries has picked up pace in the 1980's and 90's—leaving present estimates of Jewish Tat populations in the eastern Caucasus at approximately 25% of previous levels. The largest number of Muslim Tat people have for decades lived in north-eastern Azerbaijan, in multiple villages north of Baku.

For the Jewish Tat, there has been a slow-moving Bible translation project led by one faithful woman (now living in Israel)--over a period of 20 years Genesis and Ruth were translated and now the Gospel of Matthew is mostly finished. PRAY for additional team members to join her in Israel and in Moscow, who are gifted in Judeo-Tat and who can help catalyze this important work. In Azerbaijan an international linguistic team has begun Bible translation work into Muslim Tat. Most joyfully, in the past five years there are reports of major breakthroughs for Jesus in a circle of clans in Muslim Tat villages in northern Azerbaijan. Approximately 30 Tat people in the region have come to Jesus.


Prayer Points

* Pray for an active team on the Judeo-Tat Bible Translation (II Tim.3:15).
* Pray for the new believers among the Tats of Azerbaijan to abound in the Fruit of the Spirit and in fruitfulness among their family and friends—Colossians 1:6. May their influence even reach across borders.
* Pray for the Lord of the Harvest to continue to send the right servants at the right time into relationships in Tat culture in Dagestan, Moscow, Israel, the U.S., and Iran—Matthew 9:36-38.


Profile Source:   provided by NCRP  

Prayer Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-03-10
People Name General Jewish Tat, Mountain Jews
People Name in Country Jewish Tat, Mountain Jews
Population in Russia 12,000
World Population 83,200
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Least-Reached Yes
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Bik, Caucasian Mountain Jew, Jewish, Judeo-Tatic, Juhuri, Mountain Jews, Tat
People ID 10839
Country Russia
Region Eastern Europe and Eurasia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window No
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Dagestan, Makhachkala, Majalis, Derbent, Buinaksk, Kizlyar; South of Pyatigorsk; North Ossetia, Mozdok; Kabardino-Balkar Republic, Nalchyk; Chechnya, Grozniy.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010
Country Russia
Region Eastern Europe and Eurasia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window No
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Dagestan, Makhachkala, Majalis, Derbent, Buinaksk, Kizlyar; South of Pyatigorsk; North Ossetia, Mozdok; Kabardino-Balkar Republic, Nalchyk; Chechnya, Grozniy.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010
Primary Language: Judeo-Tat (12,000 speakers)   People group listing
Language Code: jdt   Ethnologue Listing
Written: Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages: 1
Primary Language: Judeo-Tat (12,000 speakers)   People group listing
Language Code: jdt   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Primary Language: Judeo-Tat

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (2000)
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
 
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum of Bible Agencies
Gospel Go
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.10 %)
0.50 %
Ethnic Religions
85.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
14.50 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
0.0 %
Orthodox
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
Protestant
30.0 %
Roman Catholic
70.0 %
Photo Source: Bethany World Prayer Center  
Map Source: North Caucasus Ethnolinguistic Groups   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Profile Source: provided by NCRP  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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