Nat, Hindu in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Nat of India are professional dancers, singers and acrobats by tradition. They like to be known as Raj Nat as they claim to have Rajput origins and originate from Rajasthan. They are also called Bhanmati, meaning something amazing. The Nat are classed as a Scheduled Caste except in Delhi, Gujarat and Uttarh Pradesh. They also live in Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Haryanna, Punjab, West Bengal and Chandigarh.

What are Their Lives Like?

The name Nat comes from the word nata meaning dancer. They speak Bagri (Nati) which is their own language as well as Hindi and languages from the regions they live in. The higher Hindu castes do not accept food and water from them and the Nat do not accept these things from some lower castes.

Some of the Nat do agricultural and other manual work. Others do such as metal work, selling herbal medicines, rickshaw pulling, repairing watches and radios or working in musical bands.

The Nat eat all meat except beef. They also eat wheat and rice. Alcohol is a main part of their lives socially. They smoke Bidi and cigarettes. The Nat use modern and local medicine and some do family planning. They have generally a low literacy level, so there is a need for the Gospel to reach them in oral form.

The Nats do not marry except in their own community and have clan exogamy (They do not marry within the same clan in their community). They are happy to marry Rajputs though, because of the Rajput high status. Monogamy is the usual way and marriage is done by discussion by parents and elders. Bride price is paid in cash. Divorce is allowed for adultery, cruelty and for difficulty in adjusting. Divorcees and the bereaved can marry again.

The Nat mostly live in hamlets that border towns and villages. Only sons can inherit family property and the oldest son becomes in charge of the family but must discuss important matters with his mother. The women contribute much in religious and social matters. The Nat have caste councils to judge on marriage and property disputes for example. Punishments are by fines and social boycotting.

What are Their Beliefs?

The Nat are generally Hindus but there are some Muslims in Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Uttarh Pradesh. The Hindu Nats worship Rama, Shiva and the other Hindu gods and goddesses. Some claim to be fortune tellers, exorcists or healers. They celebrate the main Hindu festivals and many of them worship ancestors too.

What are Their Needs?

The low caste position of the Nat means they are denied many benefits and their work and partly nomad lifestyle has caused them problems such as poverty.

Prayer Points

* Pray that the problems the Nat are having will lead them to Jesus Christ.


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-10-13
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-08-28
People Name General Nat, Hindu
People Name in Country Nat, Hindu
Population in India 436,000
World Population 451,000
Countries 4
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Bajania, Bajania Nat, Bajigar, Balija, Bazigar, Bhanumati, Gulgulia, Kalavanthulu, Kalbelia, Karnat, Kutchwandh, Natada, Natavalollu, Nath Jogi, Natta, Nattavaru, Natua, Natuva, Netya, Parnewala, Rai Nat, Sanchia, Sapera
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Rajasthan
People Name General Nat, Hindu
Ethnic Code CNN25o
People ID 17763
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 28  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  22  (up to 20 largest shown)
Uttar Pradesh (211,000) Madhya Pradesh (89,000) Rajasthan (49,000) Bihar (43,000)
Karnataka (9,600) Haryana (8,300) Delhi (6,700) West Bengal (5,800)
Chhattisgarh (4,200) Tamil Nadu (4,100) Maharashtra (4,100) Jharkhand (2,200)
Punjab (1,900) Gujarat (1,800) Uttarakhand (1,300) Andhra Pradesh (1,100)
Himachal Pradesh (600) Assam (500) Chandigarh (400) Telangana (300)
Total States on file:  22  (up to 20 largest shown)
Uttar Pradesh (211,000) Madhya Pradesh (89,000)
Rajasthan (49,000) Bihar (43,000)
Karnataka (9,600) Haryana (8,300)
Delhi (6,700) West Bengal (5,800)
Chhattisgarh (4,200) Tamil Nadu (4,100)
Maharashtra (4,100) Jharkhand (2,200)
Punjab (1,900) Gujarat (1,800)
Uttarakhand (1,300) Andhra Pradesh (1,100)
Himachal Pradesh (600) Assam (500)
Chandigarh (400) Telangana (300)
Languages & Dialects on file:  39  (up to 20 largest shown)
Hindi (326,000) Bhojpuri (27,000) Kanauji (9,000) Marwari (7,800)
Awadhi (7,700) Kannada (7,600) Dhundari (7,500) Bengali (5,900)
Magahi (5,600) Malvi (5,500) Tamil (3,500) Merwari (3,300)
Mewari (3,200) Telugu (3,000) Chhattisgarhi (2,800) Marathi (2,500)
Haryanvi (1,900) Panjabi, Eastern (1,800) Gujarati (1,600) Bundeli (1,500)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hindi 326,000 Bhojpuri 27,000
Kanauji 9,000 Marwari 7,800
Awadhi 7,700 Kannada 7,600
Dhundari 7,500 Bengali 5,900
Magahi 5,600 Malvi 5,500
Tamil 3,500 Merwari 3,300
Mewari 3,200 Telugu 3,000
Chhattisgarhi 2,800 Marathi 2,500
Haryanvi 1,900 Panjabi, Eastern 1,800
Gujarati 1,600 Bundeli 1,500
Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1806-1962)
New Testament Yes   (1811-1998)
Complete Bible Yes   (1818-2000)
Audio Bible Online
Format Resource
Audio Recordings Global Recordings
Audio Recordings Hindi Bible stories
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Fathers Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
General Bible Visuals
General Gods Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
General Ravi Zacharias
General Yeshu Samaj
Printed Matter Christ for the Nations
Scripture Bibles, Bible League

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Photo Source: Anonymous   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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