Nai, Hindu traditions in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

Of the five major castes in India (Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, Shudra and Harijans), the Nai are a sub-caste of the Shudra. The Shudra are just above the Harijan or the Untouchable caste.

Where Are they Located?

The Nai are located throughout India. Large numbers are in Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. Each Indian region has a different name for the Nai. They are called Raja in Punjab, Kuleen in Himachal Pradesh, Khawas in Rajasthan, Sen Samaj or Napit in Haryana and Nai-Thakur or Savita Samaj in Delhi. Muslim Nai in India are called Hajjam.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The Nai are associated with the barber profession. As they did traditionally, the Nai groom clients, such as cutting hair and nails and provide minor medical services like extracting teeth and setting sprains right. They also perform duties in connection with marriage, matchmaking and celebrations. Nai women, called 'Naun', are hairdressers, henna artists and midwives. The Nai are quiet people, which is important to their trade. A large-scale occupational change is taking place with many Nai taking up other trades and professions in modern India.

The diet of the Nai usually consists of wheat, rice, lentil, maize and some seasonal fruit. For those eating meat the occasional fish, mutton or chicken and eggs are part of the menu. Beef is not eaten.

The literacy rate of the Nai is low. Many leave school due to poverty or from a lack of schools or colleges nearby.

The traditional extended family is still common. Sons inherit equal shares in the family property and the eldest succeeds as head of the family. Nai women are secondary in status to males.

A caste council (panchayat) maintains social control over the community.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Nai are Hindus. They give special prominence to their regional deities. The Nai believe in evil spirits who, along with local deities, are believed to cause trouble and diseases. Community exorcists-cum-witch doctors are common.

What Are Their Needs?

The Nai need to advance economically. They need increased access to education, particularly for females. They also need accessible medical facilities.

Prayer Points

The Nai need to know Jesus and His gospel. They need to be mentally freed from being second-class citizens due to their caste ranking. They need to know that they repent and be the children of God, become part of a special nation serving God instead of man.


Among the different sources used, the ones below were used the most.

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-08-22
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-08-15
Video Links:
A Pilgrimage
People Name General Nai, Hindu traditions
People Name in Country Nai, Hindu traditions
Population in India 11,738,000
World Population 11,898,000
Countries 4
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Aduthon, Ambattan, Amrewal, Arayavati, Aryavathi, Awadhi, Awadhia, Awari, Bammeru, Banbiro, Banvaru, Bhajanthri, Bhandari, Bhandary, Deshabhandari, Dhanwal, Didhia, Ghaijo, Hadapad, Hajam, Hajjam, Hazam, Jadowal, Jallan, Juvwa, Kaikan, Kaila, Kaith, Kalseru Navaliga, Kanaujia, Karagar, Kawa, Kelashi, Kelasi, Kelasi Mhali, Kelasiga, Khadeer, Khalasi, Khalipha, Khawas, Kodiya, Kshaurak, Kshourika, Kuleen, Kuleen Brahman, Kuleen-Brahman, Mahale, Mangala, Mangali, Matkos, Matwal, Nabhik, Nadig, Nai, Naia, Naipit, Naiya, Naland, Napit, Napitha, Navaliga, Navid, Naya, Nayanaja Kshatriya, Nayeebrahman, Nayinda, Nhavi, Niaria, Ossatha, Osta, Ovachar, Panwar, Panwari, Pariyaliga, Punwari, Raja, Rajaji, Rajwan, Sanmukh, Savitha, Sen Samaj, Shil, Thakur, Ustadji, Valand, Valand Nadig, Varik, Vavdichaksi, Wadhi, Wadhio
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Name General Nai, Hindu traditions
Ethnic Code CNN25n
People ID 17745
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file:  32  (up to 20 largest shown)
Uttar Pradesh (2,579,000) Bihar (1,077,000) Andhra Pradesh (1,057,000) West Bengal (1,005,000)
Madhya Pradesh (996,000) Rajasthan (891,000) Maharashtra (770,000) Tamil Nadu (595,000)
Gujarat (507,000) Telangana (470,000) Karnataka (363,000) Jharkhand (336,000)
Haryana (285,000) Chhattisgarh (228,000) Delhi (136,000) Punjab (131,000)
Assam (85,000) Odisha (77,000) Uttarakhand (42,000) Himachal Pradesh (41,000)
Total States on file:  32  (up to 20 largest shown)
Uttar Pradesh (2,579,000) Bihar (1,077,000)
Andhra Pradesh (1,057,000) West Bengal (1,005,000)
Madhya Pradesh (996,000) Rajasthan (891,000)
Maharashtra (770,000) Tamil Nadu (595,000)
Gujarat (507,000) Telangana (470,000)
Karnataka (363,000) Jharkhand (336,000)
Haryana (285,000) Chhattisgarh (228,000)
Delhi (136,000) Punjab (131,000)
Assam (85,000) Odisha (77,000)
Uttarakhand (42,000) Himachal Pradesh (41,000)
Languages & Dialects on file:  70  (up to 20 largest shown)
Hindi (4,815,000) Telugu (1,517,000) Bengali (919,000) Marathi (587,000)
Tamil (524,000) Bhojpuri (522,000) Gujarati (482,000) Kannada (330,000)
Marwari (170,000) Chhattisgarhi (163,000) Awadhi (162,000) Panjabi, Eastern (154,000)
Dhundari (146,000) Kanauji (136,000) Maithili (118,000) Oriya (73,000)
Assamese (72,000) Magahi (70,000) Khandesi (55,000) Mewari (48,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hindi 4,815,000 Telugu 1,517,000
Bengali 919,000 Marathi 587,000
Tamil 524,000 Bhojpuri 522,000
Gujarati 482,000 Kannada 330,000
Marwari 170,000 Chhattisgarhi 163,000
Awadhi 162,000 Panjabi, Eastern 154,000
Dhundari 146,000 Kanauji 136,000
Maithili 118,000 Oriya 73,000
Assamese 72,000 Magahi 70,000
Khandesi 55,000 Mewari 48,000
For Primary Language: Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1806-1962)
New Testament Yes   (1811-1998)
Complete Bible Yes   (1818-2000)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible Visuals General
Bible: Hindi Holy Bible Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Hindi Holy Bible Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
Christ for the Nations Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
Fathers Love Letter Film / Video
Following Jesus (India, JF Project) Film / Video
God's Story Video Film / Video
Gods Simple Plan General
Got Questions Ministry General
Hindi Bible Text / Printed Matter
Hindi Bible stories Audio Recordings
International Bible Society Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Hindi Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Online Bible (Bibles India) Text / Printed Matter
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
99.88 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.12 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Anonymous   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Video Source: Create International
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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