Nai, Hindu in India







Largest Religion

Main Language


Profile Source: Anonymous

Introduction / History

Of the five major castes in India (Brahman, Kshatriya, Vaishya, Shudra and Harijans), the Nai are a sub-caste of the Shudra. The Shudra are just above the Harijan or the Untouchable caste.

Where are they Located?

The Nai are located throughout India. Large numbers are in Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. Each Indian region has a different name for the Nai. They are called Raja in Punjab, Kuleen in Himachal Pradesh, Khawas in Rajasthan, Sen Samaj or Napit in Haryana and Nai-Thakur or Savita Samaj in Delhi. Muslim Nai in India are called Hajjam.

What are Their Lives Like?

The Nai are associated with the barber profession. As they did traditionally, the Nai groom clients, such as cutting hair and nails and provide minor medical services like extracting teeth and setting sprains right. They also perform duties in connection with marriage, matchmaking and celebrations. Nai women, called 'Naun', are hairdressers, henna artists and midwives. The Nai are quiet people, which is important to their trade. A large-scale occupational change is taking place with many Nai taking up other trades and professions in modern India.

The diet of the Nai usually consists of wheat, rice, lentil, maize and some seasonal fruit. For those eating meat the occasional fish, mutton or chicken and eggs are part of the menu. Beef is not eaten.

The literacy rate of the Nai is low. Many leave school due to poverty or from a lack of schools or colleges nearby.

The traditional extended family is still common. Sons inherit equal shares in the family property and the eldest succeeds as head of the family. Nai women are secondary in status to males.

A caste council (panchayat) maintains social control over the community.

What are Their Beliefs?

The Nai are Hindus. They give special prominence to their regional deities. The Nai believe in evil spirits who, along with local deities, are believed to cause trouble and diseases. Community exorcists-cum-witch doctors are common.

What are Their Needs?

The Nai need to advance economically. They need increased access to education, particularly for females. They also need accessible medical facilities.

Prayer Points

The Nai need to know Jesus and His gospel. They need to be mentally freed from being second-class citizens due to their caste ranking. They need to know that they repent and be the children of God, become part of a special nation serving God instead of man.


Among the different sources used, the ones below were used the most.

Profile Source: Anonymous

People Name General Nai, Hindu
People Name in Country Nai, Hindu
Population in India 11,245,000
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Aduthon, Amrewal, Arayavati, Awadhi, Awadhia, Awari, Bammeru, Banbiro, Banvaru, Bhandari, Dhanwal, Didhia, Ghaijo, Hajam, Hajjam, Hazam, Jadowal, Jallan, Juvwa, Kaikan, Kaila, Kaith, Kalseru Navaliga, Kanaujia, Karagar, Kawa, Kelashi, Kelasi, Kelasi Mhali, Khalasi, Khalipha, Khawas, Kshaurak, Kuleen, Kuleen Brahman, Mangala, Matkos, Matwal, Nabhik, Nadig, Naia, Naiya, Naland, Napit, Navaliga, Navid, Naya, Nayeebrahman, Nayinda, Nhavi, Niaria, Ossatha, Osta, Ovachar, Panwar, Panwari, Punwari, Raja, Rajaji, Rajwan, Sanmukh, Sen Samaj, Thakur, Ustadji, Valand, Valand Nadig, Varik, Vavdichaksi, Wadhi, Wadhio
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Name General Nai, Hindu
Ethnic Code CNN25n
Country India
Continent Asia
Region South Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hindi (4,785,000) Telugu (1,514,000) Bengali (919,000) Marathi (566,000)
Bhojpuri (522,000) Tamil (520,000) Gujarati (443,000) Kannada (316,000)
Marwari (169,000) Awadhi (162,000) Panjabi, Eastern (157,000) Dhundari (146,000)
Chhattisgarhi (146,000) Kanauji (136,000) Maithili (118,000) Assamese (71,000)
Oriya (71,000) Magahi (70,000) Khandesi (60,000) Mewari (48,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hindi 4,785,000 Telugu 1,514,000
Bengali 919,000 Marathi 566,000
Bhojpuri 522,000 Tamil 520,000
Gujarati 443,000 Kannada 316,000
Marwari 169,000 Awadhi 162,000
Panjabi, Eastern 157,000 Dhundari 146,000
Chhattisgarhi 146,000 Kanauji 136,000
Maithili 118,000 Assamese 71,000
Oriya 71,000 Magahi 70,000
Khandesi 60,000 Mewari 48,000
Largest Religion Hinduism
0.00%    ( Evangelical  0.00% )
Ethnic Religions
Other / Small
Photo Source: Anonymous © Copyrighted Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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