Oraon in India

Population

4,416,000

Christian

19.1%

Evangelical

0.00%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Profile Source: India Missions Association - Edited by Philipose Vaidyar


Introduction / History

Meet the Oraon tribe who call themselves Kurukh, by the name taken from their hero-king Karakh. The Oraon used to live south-west of the river Ganga but are now mainly concentrated in Chhotanagpur in Bihar and the adjoining areas of Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, West Bengal, Tripura, Maharashtra and Assam. They speak languages such as Kurukh, Sadri and Hindi which are from the Dravidian family of languages. They write using the Devanagari script. In stature they are short or below medium in height.

They are mainly settled cultivators and also work as wage labourers and industrial workers. Their staple cereal is rice, supplemented with maize, wheat, Madua and Gondli.

Both men and women consume alcohol, and they also prepare rice beer at home. Generally men chew tobacco and women smoke the Hookah. The Oraon have their traditional community council at the village level headed by a Mahto. They have a regional council known as the Parha composed of a number of villages.

Their main deity is taken as Dharmes, and they also believe in a host of spirits. A priest is invited to perform their life cycle rituals. An Ojiha or mati is specially called to cure diseases by appeasing evil spirits.

Alternate names: Kurukh, Dhanka, Orang, Karusha


Prayer Points

* For the salvation of the Oraon people; that the disciples of Jesus among them may spread the good news of God to others.
* For them to seek Jesus for healing from their sicknesses rather than using methods of witchcraft.
* For the Oraon men and women to be freed from alcohol and tobacco addiction.



Profile Source: India Missions Association - Edited by Philipose Vaidyar Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission

People Name General Oraon
People Name in Country Oraon
Population in India 4,416,000
Progress Scale 2.1
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Dhagar, Dhanka, Jhagad, Jhagar, Kurka, Orang, Sadri, Uraon
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Oraon
People Name General Oraon
Ethnic Code AUG06c
Country India
Continent Asia
Region South Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Kurux (1,538,000) Hindi (1,316,000) Assamese (471,000) Bengali (213,000)
Oriya (119,000) Chhattisgarhi (100,000) Santhali (58,000) Surgujia (53,000)
Mundari (52,000) Sadri (34,000) Munda (16,000) Magahi (15,000)
Marathi (14,000) Panjabi, Eastern (13,000) Bhojpuri (8,300) Kharia (3,400)
Gujarati (3,100) Nepali (2,000) Kannada (2,000) Konkani (1,700)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Kurux 1,538,000 Hindi 1,316,000
Assamese 471,000 Bengali 213,000
Oriya 119,000 Chhattisgarhi 100,000
Santhali 58,000 Surgujia 53,000
Mundari 52,000 Sadri 34,000
Munda 16,000 Magahi 15,000
Marathi 14,000 Panjabi, Eastern 13,000
Bhojpuri 8,300 Kharia 3,400
Gujarati 3,100 Nepali 2,000
Kannada 2,000 Konkani 1,700
Category Resource
Audio Recordings Global Recordings
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Kurux
Largest Religion Hinduism
Buddhism
0.01%
Christianity
19%    ( Evangelical  0.00% )
Ethnic Religions
0.00%
Hinduism
59.68%
Islam
0.06%
Non-Religious
0.00%
Other / Small
0.04%
Unknown
21.14%
Photo Source: Gerald Roberts
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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