Bihari (Muslim traditions) in Bangladesh

Joshua Project has identified the Bihari (Muslim traditions) only in Bangladesh
Population
922,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The so-called Biharis are Muslims who originated from different ethno-linguistic groups in Bihar and neighboring States of British India. Following communal riots during and after the partition of the Indian Subcontinent hundreds of thousands of Urdu-speaking Muslims migrated from Bihar and other Indian States to East Pakistan. When the nationalist movement of the Bengalis led to the War of Independence, the Biharis sided with Pakistan and shared in the war crimes against millions of Bengali civilians. After the war they became victims of revenge and were gathered by the Red Cross (ICCRC) into 66 Relief camps to await repatriation to Pakistan. Until 1982 approx. 200,000 "stranded Pakistanis" were epatriated until internal ethnic conflicts caused Pakistan to refuse to accept any more Bihari migrants. In spite of many promises by different Pakistani governments approximately 300,000 Biharis remained stateless in Bangladesh for 39 years. The 66 former relief camps have evolved into urban slum communities where each family occupies a 6x6 sq ft. room. The congested housing situation, lack of sanitation and potable water causes many health problems. Poverty, hopelessness and social deterioration have made the camps a breeding ground for crime.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Traditionally Biharis are respected as skilled, hard workers. Children are expected to learn a trade at a young age to contribute to the family income and to stay away from unsupervised play. Due to lack of employment opportunities, many Biharis run micro-enterprises. They operate small auto repair and electrical shops or work as metal workers, drivers, rickshaw pullers, weavers or barbers. Still bearing the stigma as traitors, the younger generation is slowly coming to the realization that they will have to stay in Bangladesh. In 2007 the interim government granted voting rights and citizenship to Biharis who were minors during the 71 war or born later. While this a positive change the future development of the Biharis camps remain uncertain.


Profile Source:   Anonymous  
Expanded PDF Profile

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-10-10
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-10-16
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-04-09
Global Prayer Digest: 2017-10-26
People Name General Bihari (Muslim traditions)
People Name in Country Bihari (Muslim traditions)
Population in Bangladesh 922,000
World Population 922,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 19 to 22
Progress Scale 1
Alternate Names बिहारी (मुस्लिम ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 19654
ROP3 Code 116075
Country Bangladesh
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 26  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 7
Largest States
Dhaka
(377,000)
Rangpur
(254,000)
Khulna
(113,000)
Chittagong
(104,000)
Rajshahi
(69,000)
Sylhet
(3,000)
Barisal
(2,300)
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country Bangladesh
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 26  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 7
  Dhaka (377,000)
  Rangpur (254,000)
  Khulna (113,000)
  Chittagong (104,000)
  Rajshahi (69,000)
  Sylhet (3,000)
  Barisal (2,300)
Website South Asia Peoples

No people group map currently available. Use the above button to submit a map.


Ethnologue Language Map
Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Urdu (612,000 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 4
Secondary Languages
Bengali
(196,000)
Bhojpuri
(700)
Sylheti
(400)
People Groups Speaking Urdu
Primary Language Urdu (612,000 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 4
Secondary Languages
  Bengali (196,000)
  Bhojpuri (700)
  Sylheti (400)
People Groups Speaking Urdu

Primary Language:  Urdu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes   (1747-1894)
Bible-New Testament Yes   (1758-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes   (1843-2016)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Easy to Read (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Pakistan Bible Society (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Audio Recordings Urdu Bible stories
Audio Recordings Urdu Online Audio Bible
Film / Video A Gathering of the Followers of Isa (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Urdu
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Greatest Sacrifice (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video The Hope Video
Film / Video The Prophets Story (Indigitube.tv)
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Gods Simple Plan
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
Unknown
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Anonymous 
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Religion Values * From Bangladesh census data.  Current values may differ.


Copyright © 2017 Joshua Project.  A ministry of Frontier Ventures.