Mal in Laos


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Mal or Madi is the self-name of this group. The Thais and Lao commonly call them Htin or Tin, but this name is not used among themselves. The Mal are related to the Phai ethnic group of Phongsali Province, further to the north. The Phai are believed to speak the same language as the Htin in Thailand, whereas the Mal language in Laos is different.

Mal communities are located wholly within Laos’ Phiang District of Xaignabouri Province, west of the Mekong River. Between 3,000 to 4,000 Mal live across the border in Thailand. In addition, a small Mal refugee community exists in northern California in the United States.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Mal are a poverty-stricken people. Their crops usually yield a poor harvest because of their slash-and-burn agricultural technique. When they come to some new land, Mal families combine to clear the land of rocks and burn down the trees. After one year the soil is depleted, the Mal move on and find some new land, where they repeat the process. They will not return to land they have already used until it has been left fallow for ten years.

The Mal prefer to marry within their own village, so often they marry their first cousins. This has led to some inbreeding. Couples live with the family of the bride until they have several children, at which time they move into their own house.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Mal are animists. Many villages have a resident shaman who conducts animistic ceremonies. There is also some Buddhist influence among the Mal in Laos.

Christian missionaries such as Don and Sally Durling and Dave and Fran Jordan ministered among the Mal in Thailand for many years. In 1992, there was a breakthrough when a shaman named Bpan followed Christ. More than 100 Mal refugees from Laos followed Bpan's decision and were baptized. In late 1993, about 300 Mal believers were among 1,200 Mal repatriated back into Laos by the Thai government.


What Are Their Needs?

The Mal people need to accept the warm embrace of the only Savior so they can enjoy spiritually meaningful lives.


Prayer Points

Pray the Mal believers in Laos would remain strong and continue to share their faith in the face of opposition.

Ask God to bless the work of missionaries among the Mal people.

Pray the Mal New Testament would be fully used among the Mal in both Laos and Thailand.

Pray for spiritual hunger among the Mal people. They need to crave the Bread of Life!


Scripture Prayers for the Mal in Laos.


References

http://www.globalprayerdigest.org/issue/day/2017/06/25


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2017-06-25
People Name General Mal
People Name in Country Mal
Population this Country 38,000
Population all Countries 43,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Khatin; Lua; Tin; T'in
People ID 18842
ROP3 Code 114651
Country Laos
Region Asia, Southeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 26  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Xaignabouri province, Phiang district   Source:  Faces of the Unreached in Laos, 1999
Country Laos
Region Asia, Southeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 26  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Xaignabouri province, Phiang district.   Source:  Faces of the Unreached in Laos, 1999
Primary Language Mal (38,000 speakers)
Language Code mlf   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Mal (38,000 speakers)
Language Code mlf   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Mal

Primary Language:  Mal

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1983)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1994-2015)
Bible-Complete No
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 1.80 %)
2.00 %
Ethnic Religions
98.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
0.0 %
Orthodox
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
Protestant
70.0 %
Roman Catholic
30.0 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2022  Peoples of Laos, Asia Harvest  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more