Alawite in Turkey


Population
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The origin of the Alawites is disputed, so no one knows for sure when the originated. They are an offshoot of Shi'ite Islam, which explains why they are loosely allied with other Shi'ite peoples in today's skirmishes.

During the Turkish-based Ottoman Empire, Turkish rulers tried to force Alawites to convert to Sunni Islam. This led to uprisings. The Alawites fled to the mountains where they maintained their freedom from the Ottomans. Their ability to defend themselves came in handy when they had to protect their sovereignty against colonial French forces that were taking over Syria after the fall of the Ottoman Empire in 1920. The French eventually used them as a military counter-weight to the more hostile and numerous Sunni Muslims.

The Assad family is Alawite, and they have ruled Syria for decades. With various Sunni Muslim forces coming against them, about one-third of Alawite young men have been killed. Many Alawites have fled to neighboring Turkey for refuge.


Where Are they Located?

The Alawites who live in Turkey are mostly in refugee camps. Syrians and Turks both hope that the Alawites will someday return to Syria.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Alawites are divided into four main tribes. They are a closed society and they see themselves as a persecuted and despised people, who actually are the chosen people of God, the only ones to have seen the light in a world of darkness. While maintaining their beliefs they pretend to adhere to the dominant religion present in order to escape persecution.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Alawites believe that all people were stars in the world of light, but fell from there due to disobedience. They believe they must be reincarnated seven times before they once again return to the stars where Ali is prince. If they are sinful, they will be reborn as Christians until their atonement is complete. Infidels will be reborn as animals. The actual Alawi beliefs and practices are based on their book, the "Kitab al-Majmu".

A visitor will not encounter an Alawite who will discuss the particulars of his beliefs. In fact, an Alawite will tell the visitor he is a Muslim, since he sees himself as one. The common Alawite person does not even know his group's teachings, because they are so secret.


What Are Their Needs?

According to Christian workers assigned to the Fertile Crescent, very few of the Alawites knows Christ personally. There is a great need for more workers who will commit themselves to getting Bibles and other Christian literature into the Alawites' hands and to sharing the good news in other ways.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Alawite in Turkey.

* Pray that the Alawites will understand that the only way to know God is through Jesus Christ.
* Pray for a strong Holy Spirit revival among the Christians in Syria and Lebanon that will thrust forth hundreds of evangelists to the Alawites and Muslims in their midst.
* Pray for a movement to Christ among Alawites in Turkey and Syria.


References

https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/18805/TU
https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/18805/SY
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alawites
https://www.britannica.com/topic/Alawite
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/04/02/who-are-the-alawites/


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Alawite
People Name in Country Alawite
World Population 1,942,000
Total Countries 4
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 11
Alternate Names Levantine Arab
People ID 18805
ROP3 Code 114499
Country Turkey
Region Asia, Central
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 26  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Along Syrian border   Source:  Wikipedia
Country Turkey
Region Asia, Central
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 26  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Along Syrian border.   Source:  Wikipedia
Primary Language Arabic, North Levantine Spoken (548,000 speakers)
Language Code apc   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Arabic, North Levantine Spoken (548,000 speakers)
Language Code apc   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Arabic, North Levantine Spoken

Primary Language:  Arabic, North Levantine Spoken

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1973)
Bible-New Testament No
Bible-Complete No
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Arabic Bibles Online
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Film / Video The Story
Film / Video Together Toward Growth
Film / Video Together Toward Growth (EngSub)
General God's Simple Plan
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.01 %)
0.03 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
99.97 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
Unknown
Independent
Unknown
Orthodox
Unknown
Other Christian
Unknown
Protestant
Unknown
Roman Catholic
Unknown
Photo Source Y. Killianov 
Map Source People Group Location from IMB. Other map data / geography from GMI. Map by Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more