Ewenki, Khamnigan in Mongolia


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Identity

The Tungus Ewenki - also known as the Khamnigan Ewenki - are one of four people groups combined to form the official Ewenki nationality in China. Each group speaks a different language and has varying customs. It is believed that the Ewenki were originally tribes or clans in Russia who migrated into China at different times 300 to 400 years ago.

Approximately 1,000 of the 1,600 Tungus Ewenki are able to speak their language. One scholar describes the language as "endangered in China and possibly extinct in Mongolia and Russia." For now, it is still spoken in the homes of two-thirds of Tungus Ewenki children, most of whom can also speak the local variety of Mongolian and Chinese.


History

The forefathers of the Ewenki lived in the forests north and east of Lake Baikal in Siberia and along the upper reaches of the Heilong River. They had a close relationship with the Northern Shiweis during the Northern Wei Dynasty (AD 386-534) and the Ju tribe at the time of the Tang Dynasty (618-907). "In the mid-1600s, aggression by Tsarist Russia led the Qing government in China to move the Ewenkis to the area around the tributaries of the Nenjiang River in the Hinggan Mountains. In 1732, 1,600 Ewenki soldiers and their dependents were moved to the Hulunbuir grasslands."


Customs

The Tungus Ewenki live in nimor, or clans, which are groups of three to ten blood families. Some Tungus Ewenki live deep within the forests. Others have chosen to live on the grasslands where they have been influenced by Mongolian culture.


Religion

Many of the Tungus Ewenki who have experienced prolonged interaction with Mongolians have been converted to Tibetan Buddhism. The remainder practice shamanism, an ancient form of witchcraft and spiritism. The Tungus are also the only Ewenki group in China known to contain Christians.


Christianity

Various sources agree that there are approximately 100 Ewenki Christians in Chenbaehru. The Tungus Ewenki believers are members of the Eastern Orthodox Church. However, "because of the profound influence of Shamanism, they worship the statue of Jesus and other idols together. Priests of the Eastern Orthodox Church also participate in the religious activities of the Ewenkis."


Prayer Points

Scripture Prayers for the Ewenki, Khamnigan in Mongolia.


Profile Source:   Operation China, Asia Harvest  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Mongol, Khamnigan
People Name in Country Ewenki, Khamnigan
Pronunciation E-wenk-ee, Khahm-nee-gahn
World Population 3,200
Total Countries 2
Indigenous No
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Hamunikan; Kamnigan; Khamnigan; Khamnigan Evenki; Tungussi; Xamnigan
People ID 18606
ROP3 Code 114226
Country Mongolia
Region Asia, Northeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country North, Selenge Aimag.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Mongolia
Region Asia, Northeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country North, Selenge Aimag..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Primary Language Evenki (600 speakers)
Language Code evn   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Zeya-bureya
Dialect Code 9708   Global Recordings Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Evenki (600 speakers)
Language Code evn   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Zeya-bureya
Dialect Code 9708   Global Recordings Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Evenki

Primary Language:  Evenki

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1995)
Bible-New Testament No
Bible-Complete No
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
18.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.50 %)
1.00 %
Ethnic Religions
77.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
4.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
0.0 %
Orthodox
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
Protestant
50.0 %
Roman Catholic
50.0 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2019  Operation China, Asia Harvest  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source Mongolian Traditional Costumes  
Profile Source Operation China, Asia Harvest  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more