Tangsa Tikhak in India

The Tangsa Tikhak have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Identity

The 1981 census of India listed a population of just 409 Tikhak Tangsa people (186 males and 223 females). They live in the Manmao, Nampong, Miao and Bordumsa circles of the Changlang District in southeastern Arunachal Pradesh, India. A few of them also live in the Dibrugarh District of Assam.

The Tikhak are one of 15 different Tangsa tribes in India, totalling 16,475 people according to the 1981 Indian census. Several Tangsa groups are also located across the border in western Myanmar.

Among the 15 Tangsa groups in India, only two could be considered majority Buddhist: the Tikhak and the Yongkuk. The rest are Hindus, animists and Christians, and so have not been included in this book. In alphabetical order, the other Tangsa groups in India are the Havi (98% Hindu); Jugli (66% Hindu); Kimsing (62% Christian); Lungchang (95% animist); Lungphi (60% Hindu); Lungri (88% Hindu); Morang (46% Hindu, 38% Christian); Mosang (65% Hindu); Muklom (52% animist); Ronrang (98% Christian); Sangwal; Sankey (75% Christian); and the Tonglim (animist).


History

The name Tikhak reportedly can mean either 'proficient basket makers or those who produce a peculiar coughing sound'. They originated further to the east in a place called Mukcha in the Patkoi Range. About 150 years ago, for reasons unknown, they migrated away from their homeland to their present location.


Customs

One way to distinguish the Tikhak from other Tangsa tribes is by their dress. 'The men's lower dress called impayan (a handwoven lungi) has red, green, brown and white squares. The women's lower dress naitak (also a handwoven lungi) has different vertical stripes intersected by broad horizontal black stripes. The men also use the takot-khuka (kind of head dress).'


Religion

There is some confusion regarding the religious beliefs of the Tikhak Tangsa. The 1981 census returned 60 per cent of them as Buddhists, 32 per cent as Hindus, 6.3 per cent as Christians and 1.7 per cent as followers of 'other religions' (i.e., animism). At the time of the census, six out of every ten Tikhak Tangsa people stated that they were Buddhists. Other reports seem to imply that most Tikhak people are animists. 'The Tikhak religion consists of beliefs in different benevolent and malevolent spirits. The community believes in the concept of a god named fra or pra. No worship or sacrifice is offered to the fra. They worship the house deity called Matai once a year for the well-being of the family. Lumrong is worshipped for the protection of their entire area from natural calamities. The tumsa (priest) is an expert in detecting evil spirits, in diagnosing and curing diseases, in predicting the future, and in presiding over the worship ceremonies. Thus he is respected by all. A large number of Tikhaks have embraced Christianity, while some of them profess Buddhism.'


Christianity

Although for now the Tikhak Tangsa are classified as a majority Buddhist group, they are surrounded by Christians. Close to 50 per cent of the Tangsa people overall are now Christians. The Tangsa New Testament was published in 1992, although it is not known if the Tikhak Tangsa are able to read it.


Prayer Points

Scripture Prayers for the Tangsa Tikhak in India.


Profile Source:   Peoples of the Buddhist World, Asia Harvest  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Tangsa Tikhak
People Name in Country Tangsa Tikhak
World Population 2,300
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 2
Unreached No
Frontier People Group No
Pioneer Workers Needed
Alternate Names Tangsa; Tikhak; टंगसा, तीखाक
People ID 18270
ROP3 Code 113811
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country They live in Manmao, Nampong, Miao and Bordumsa circles of the Changlang District in southeastern Arunachal Pradesh, India. A few also live in the Dibrugarh District of Assam.   Source:  Peoples of the Buddhist World, 2004
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country They live in Manmao, Nampong, Miao and Bordumsa circles of the Changlang District in southeastern Arunachal Pradesh, India. A few also live in the Dibrugarh District of Assam..   Source:  Peoples of the Buddhist World, 2004
Total States 1
  Arunachal Pradesh 2,300
Website South Asia Peoples

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Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Naga, Tangshang (2,300 speakers)
Language Code nst   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Tikhak
Dialect Code 14611   Global Recordings Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Naga, Tangshang (2,300 speakers)
Language Code nst   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Tikhak
Dialect Code 14611   Global Recordings Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Naga, Tangshang

Primary Language:  Naga, Tangshang

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1979-1982)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1992-2007)
Bible-Complete Yes  (2015)
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Naga, Tase
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Tangsa - Tase Naga
Primary Religion: Buddhism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
77.73 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
20.84 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
1.13 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.04 %
Unknown
0.26 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2019  Peoples of the Buddhist World, Asia Harvest  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Profile Source Peoples of the Buddhist World, Asia Harvest  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.