Tamudia in India

The Tamudia have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

Traditionally the Tamudia were an oil-pressing community, though many of them are now farmers. Some own their land while others are sharecroppers. They are also known as Tamaria and Teli Bhamij, the latter indicating a tie with the more numerous Teli oil pressing community. They are considered to be a Scheduled Caste, giving them low, but not the lowest status in Hinduism. In the past they were at the bottom socially. There are no subgroups within the Tamudia people.


Where Are they Located?

This Hindu community lives in northern Odisha, a state in eastern India.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Members of the Tamudia community do not marry outside their caste. Within their gotras (clans) they have totems represented by animals, and they are not allowed to kill any of these animals, including crocodiles and pond fish. They claim to have a mystic tie with their totems and the animals that represent them.

Their families are nuclear and patriarchal. Thus, when a woman marries a man from another clan, she joins his clan. In the past they married off their children, but now only adults marry.

Marriages are almost always arranged; it is rare for a couple to have a “love” marriage. The marriage proposal comes from a mediator called a dandiadar, hired by leaders of the groom’s family. If the other family wants to marry the girl to him, they agree to the wedding. The groom’s father and maternal uncle later go back to her house. After seeing the girl and she meets their approval, there is a betrothal ceremony where they present her with gifts. The bride-to-be’s father washes the groom’s father and uncle’s feet with water mixed with turmeric powder, and then there is a feast. Later the prospective groom washes her father’s feet before they have another feast, and the all agree upon the date of the wedding. The bride price must be paid before the wedding. On an auspicious day, the groom’s party comes to the bride’s home for the wedding.

They have many opportunities to intermingle with members of other communities since they share the same water sources, villages and religious sites.


What Are Their Beliefs?

This Hindu community worships a number of gods at the village level. Brahman priests help them in their worship rituals. They also appease ancestral spirits. During a crisis like an epidemic, the Tamudia people worship their gods at the individual and the community level.


What Are Their Needs?

The Tamudia people need to be spiritually enriched by a relationship with Jesus Christ that will allow them to enjoy abundant life and a transformed community.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Tamudia in India.

* Pray for a "Book of Acts" type of movement to Christ among the Tamudia people.
* Pray for the Tamudia people to understand and embrace that Jesus wants to bless their families and neighborhoods.
* Pray for Holy Spirit anointed believers from the Tamudia people to change their society from within.
* Pray for a movement in which the Holy Spirit leads and empowers Tamudia disciples to make more disciples.
* Pray for a movement of Jesus to heal and strengthen Tamudia communities.


References

People of India, Odisha, vol. XVI, pp. 1458-64, K.S. Singh


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Tamudia
People Name in Country Tamudia
World Population 9,200
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Bedia; Chik-Barik; Tamadia; Tamaria; Tumariya; तामुदिया
People ID 18213
ROP3 Code 113734
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 1
  Odisha 9,200
Website South Asia Peoples

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Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Odia (8,300 speakers)
Language Code ory   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 5
Secondary Languages
Panchpargania
800
Kurux
50
Kuvi
40
Kui
30
Primary Language Odia (8,300 speakers)
Language Code ory   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 5
Secondary Languages
  Panchpargania 800
  Kurux 50
  Kuvi 40
  Kui 30
People Groups Speaking Odia

Primary Language:  Odia

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1811-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1809-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1815-2014)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Virtual Storehouse
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Odia
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Odia
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Gospel website in this language
General Gospel website in this language
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible: ODIA - Oriya
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
100.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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